CHRONOLOGY June-December 2017.
Russia hosted a three-day annual economic forum in St. Petersburg in which thousands of international business leaders gathered.
Maltese Labour Party under Joseph Muscat successfully defended its control of the parliament in a general election. A van teared into pedestrians on London Bridge killing eight people and injuring dozens. The attackers then went on a stabbing spree before security forces neutralized them. ISIS claimed responsibility for the deadly attack.
Montenegro formally joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization as its 29th member.
The Conservative Party lost its majority in the House of Commons in a snap election called by Prime Minister Theresa May.
A snap election saw the Centre-right coalition led by the Democratic Party of Kosovo attaining majority in the Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo.
Environmental Ministers from the Group of 7 (G7) met in Bologna, Italy.
Defying warnings from the European Union and civil rights groups, the Hungarian parliament legislated stricter measures for foreign funded nongovernmental organizations. The European Union's Erasmus exchange programme successfully completed its thirty years. The EU launched a legal case against Hungary, the Czech Republic and Poland over their dissentient stance on the issue of asylum seekers.
Fine Gael's Leo Eric Varadkar became Republic of Ireland's Taoiseach (Prime Minister).
Former German Chancellor and a man who navigated the country through its reunification, Helmut Kohl, died at age 87.
Hundreds of Germans, most of them Muslims, held a peace march in Cologne in protest at the number of deadly Islamic extremist attacks occured in recent years.
A deadly wildfire erupted in central Portugal and left more than 60 people dead. Climate change had extended the wildfire season from two to up to five months. Macron's En Marche won the French Parliamentary elections.
The European Council extended the restrictive measures in response to the illegal annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol by Russia until June 23, 2018. The Brexit talks officially kicked off in Brussels between Michel Barnier, the EU's chief negotiator and British Secretary David Davis.
Russia issued a warning to the US-led coalition in Syria. The coalition attacked the SU-22 after it launched a strike on US-backed rebels in Raqqa province.
Albania a candidate state of EU is holding parliamentary elections.
Ruling Romanian Social Democrats picked economy minister Mihai Tudose to replace Prime Minister Sorin Grindeanu who was ousted the other week. In a parliamentary election, the ruling Socialist party led by Prime Minister Edi Rama retained its hold of the Kuvendi (Albanian National Assembly).
Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders resumed reunification talks in Crans-Montana, a Swiss Alpine resort.
Turkey's Education Ministry unveiled new regulations that required every new school in the country be outfitted with gender-separated Muslim prayer rooms. An arbitration court awarded Slovenia the right to directly access international waters in the Adriatic. Croatia, the other party in the dispute, had already withdrawn itself in 2015 asserting that it would ignore the ruling.
Germany became the 14th country in Europe and 23rd in the world to have legalized same-sex marriage. Russian President Vladimir Putin initiated counter-sanctions against the EU until June 23, 2018.
Estonia took the presidency of the European Council.
Britain moved to scrap the 1964 fishing agreement with five countries. It was agreed 10 years before it attained membership of the European Community.
The captain of a Turkish freight ship claimed that his ship came under fire from Greek coast guard when he refused to dock at a port in the Aegean Sea.
The EU earmarks some thirty million euros in aid for the Italian government to help it cope with the influx of migrants to its shores. Italy summoned the Austrian ambassador after Vienna announced that it would deploy troops at the Brenner Pass in the mountainous Tyrol region, the shared border between Italy and Austria, to stop a potential influx of migrants. Russia and China struck a joint position on North Korea after Pyongyang successfully tested an intercontinental ballistic missile.
The members of European Parliament overwhelmingly backed an EU deal to cooperate more closely with Cuba.
A British Member of Parliament, Anne Marie Morris was suspended by the UK Prime Minister Theresa May on using racist language. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg held talks in Kyiv with President Petro Poroshenko.
The European Union restricted sales of inflatable boats to Libya.
Angola rejected conditions demanded by an EU election observer mission for unfettered access to polling stations during the August 23 vote. Pro-Russian Ukrainian separatist leader and head of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic Alexander Zakharchenko unveiled plans to create a state of 'Malorossiya' (Little Russia) in rebel held eastern Ukraine.
General Pierre de Villiers, the head of the French army, resigned over proposed defense budget cuts. General Francois Lecointre succeeded General de Villiers.
Vince Cable became the leader of the British Liberal Democrats. A move to reorganize the Polish judiciary drew protests. The new measures would empower the parliament to appoint Supreme Court judges.
Greece returned to the bond markets selling around 3 billion euros of five-year bonds at a yield of 4.6% to private investors for the first time in three years. Polish President Andrzej Duda announced that he would veto the bill that sought to increase executive control over the judiciary.
The United States of America's special envoy for Ukraine Kurt Volker said that Washington might consider the delivery of defensive weapons to forces fighting the pro-Russian rebels.
The European Commission sent Poland a set of recommendations, and gave one month to address the concerns over infringements on the rule of law. Palestinian Islamist movement Hamas was to remain on the EU terrorism blacklist after Judges at the European court of Justice overruled a decision by the General Court in 2014. The EU terrorism list, created after the September 11 attacks in 2001 included 13 individuals and 22 organizations. Hamas had been listed since 2001.
The European Commission allocated more than [euro]200 million to Greece to help it cope with the influx of tens of thousands of migrants and refugees. Sweden was in the grip of a political crisis as Prime Minister Stefan Lofven reshuffled his minority cabinet in a bid to avoid an early election.
A knife attack killed one and inured another in the northern German city of Hamburg.
Troops from 22 countries have arrived in Russia to participate in the International Army Games. Around 1,200 troops from China, India, Iran and a handful of nations, allied to Russia or neutral took part.
President Vladimir Putin ordered 755 US diplomats to leave in retaliation for fresh US sanctions against Moscow.
Bulgaria and Macedonia signed a friendship treaty that ended years of diplomatic squabbling. Macedonia had been seeking membership of the European Union.
A move that further worsened diplomatic ties with Moscow, Moldova declared Russian Prime Minister Dimitry Rogozin persona non grata.
Ukraine rejected assertions made in the New York Times that the Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) acquired rocket engines from a Ukrainian factory.
A van in Barcelona was deliberately driven into pedestrians crushing 13 people to death.
Two people were killed when an earthquake rocked an Italian tourist island of Ischia.
Romanian President Klaus Iohannis expressed his disapproval over the government's moves to overhaul the judiciary.
French President Emmanuel Macron cautioned the Polish government that it had exposed itself to isolation by going after democratic values.
Writing in the Observer, Shadow Brexit secretary Sir Keir Starmer stated that Labour would like to keep the United Kingdom within the customs union for a transitional period after March 2019 until a new trade mechanism was reached with the European Union.
Macedonian Foreign Minister Nikola Dimitrov said that he hoped Greece would recognize the new reality and support his country's integration into the EU and NATO. The nationalist Sinn Fein insisted that the Republic of Ireland should stall divorce proceedings underway between the UK and the EU unless some clarity emerged on the future of Irish-Northern Irish border.
The European Court of Justice upheld Brussels' right to enforce refugee quotas. It rejected complaints put forward by Hungary and Slovakia.
Bosnian Prime Minister Denis Zvizdic dismissed claims made by other European leaders that radicalism within Bosnian Muslim community posed a threat to continental security. Ruling Norwegian conservatives claimed victory in a parliamentary election giving Prime Minister Erna Solberg another term in office.
President of the European Commission Jean Claude Juncker in his annual State of the European Union address termed the United Kingdom's decision to leave the Union tragic and stressed that this development should not stop the other 27 from further integration.
Russia and Belarus kicked off military exercises in Kaliningrad. Drills also took place on Belarusian soil. Austrian Chancellor Christian Kern and Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz played down suggestions made by President of the European Commission Jean Claude Juncker regarding eastward Eurozone expansion.
Icelandic government collapsed after Bright Future pulled its support over a scandal cover up.
A Turkish Kurd rally in Cologne caused consternation in Turkish government circles. According to Turkish Foreign Ministry, it summoned the German ambassador to communicate its displeasure.
A migrant boat capsized off the Libyan coast drowning 5 people.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel won a fourth term in office. The nationalists Alternative for Germany made significant inroads.
A former Serb paramilitary commander was awarded 15 years in prison by a Croatian court.
The Catalan regional government held a historic independence referendum. Madrid challenged its validity and deployed forces to deter voters. The next day the regional government announced a landslide victory for the 'yes' side.
The prominent Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny was jailed for 20 days for violating laws covering public meetings and gatherings.
French President Emmanuel Macron offered French mediation between Erbil and Baghdad after Kurdistan regional government under Masoud Barzani went for an independence referendum.
The Greek parliament passed a law that made it easier for people to alter their legally recognized gender. The development angered the Orthodox Church.
Macedonian ruling Social Democrats claimed victory in the local elections.
Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy triggered article 155 of the Spanish constitution after the regional government in Barcelona declared independence. The article empowers Madrid to suspend regional autonomy and uphold Spanish territorial integrity.
A presidential election in Slovenia saw incumbent President Borut Pahor failing to win majority in the first round.
After 225 days of negotiations, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte was able to stitch together a delicate coalition with the slimmest of majority (1 seat) in the House of Representatives.
Deposed Catalan separatist leader Carles Puigdemont and some of his former ministers turned themselves in to Belgian police after Spanish authorities issued warrants for their arrest.
Russian President Vladimir Putin kept himself away from events commemorating the centenary of the Bolshevik revolution.
In a surprise visit, French President Emmanuel Macron called on the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and held talks with the influential Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman.
Saudi Arabia recalled its ambassador to Germany after German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel condemned 'adventurism' in the Middle East. He was referring to the developments surrounding the Lebanese political crisis.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel hinted at the possibility of snap elections after coalition talks collapsed.
An intense skirmish with rebels left five Ukrainian soldiers dead in eastern Ukraine.
Undertaking a radical policy shift in the Middle East, the US President Donald Trump announced the transfer of the country's embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan became the first Turkish head of state to visit Athens in 65 years.
In a party congress, Social Democratic leader George Schultz received the mandate to initiate coalition talks with Chancellor Angela Merkel.
The Secretary of State for exiting the European Union David Davis said that Britain would not pay any Brexit bill if there were no trade deal agreed between Brussels and London.
In a trilateral meeting in New Delhi, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov urged India to join the Chinese One Belt One Road (OBOR) project.
The former Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg was reappointed as NATO's secretary general.
British Prime Minister Theresa May suffered a setback in the House of Commons after a majority rejected government Brexit scheme.
A Belgian court officially closed an extradition case against the secessionist Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont.
The new nationalist and conservative Austrian government vowed to have strict border controls while maintaining rigorous ties with the European Union.
Victor Emmanuel III's remains arrived in Italy from Egypt. The king had died in Egypt in 1947.
EU and Lebanon hold first official talks since Prime Minister Hariri's return. The UN Climate Change conference was held in Bonn, Germany. The European Commission used Article 7 of the EU Treaty against Poland over its judicial reforms to undermine the courts. The EU Commission declares it as a serious breach of EU values. On a visit to Poland, British Prime Minister Theresa May asserted that the constitution was Warsaw's internal matter. Her stance took a dissentient course with respect to the European Union, which had been critical of Polish government's growing control of the judiciary.
British Foreign Secretary arrived in Moscow. Speaking at a news conference, he said that Moscow's interference in the electoral process around the world could not be ignored. Taking aim at Brussels, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban declared that his country would block any punitive measures against Poland.
Swiss President Doris Leuthard said that a referendum would be helpful in clarifying Switzerland's relationship with the European Union.
Turkish defence officials finalized a deal to buy advanced Russian surface-to-air missile battery (S-400).
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|Publication:||Pakistan Journal of European Studies|
|Date:||Jun 30, 2018|
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