(pseudonym of Theodor Tagger, 1891 - 1958) Austrian poet and dramatist. Bruckner was a poet in his early years in Vienna, where he started the expressionist magazine Marsyas. His focus shifted to drama in 1923, when he moved to Berlin and founded the Renaissance Theatre. His early plays, including Krankheit der Jugend ( Illness of Youth, 1926) and Die Verbrecher ( The Criminals, 1928), were strong expressionist dramas dealing with social ills. Here he also wrote his first and best - known historical play, Elisabeth von England ( Elizabeth of England, 1930). Forced to flee the Nazis, Bruckner spent from 1933 to 1948 in America. Beginning with Die Rassen ( The Races, 1933), an early indictment of National Socialism, most of his writing during this period was concerned with dictatorship in one guise or another, including a play in two parts, Simon Bolivar (1943 - 45). Back in Austria, then in West Berlin, after the war, he began to use classical structures or motifs, as in Pyrrhus und Andromache (1952), as a framework for his criticism of the failures of the present. Bruckner's central concern was to dramatize the individual 's difficulty in maintaining his integrity in the face of social and political pressures.