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Brighter days for First Amendment education?

Students aren't learning it, or aren't learning it well. When quizzed on the First Amendment, 75 percent of high schoolers think flag burning is illegal. Nearly half believe the government can restrict indecent materials on the Internet.

They don't care all that much about these Constitutional rights either. Almost three-quarters of students surveyed say they either don't know how they feel about the First Amendment or that they take it for granted.

The findings of The Future of the First Amendment, a study funded by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation's High School Initiative, aren't encouraging. But after hearing from 100,000-plus students, nearly 8,000 teachers and more than 500 administrators at 544 U.S. high schools, the study's authors have a good idea what districts can do to improve.

Students who have taken classes covering the media or the First Amendment (i.e. civics or courses on the U.S. Constitution) are more likely to understand citizens' rights. For example, 87 percent who have taken these courses believe people should be allowed to express unpopular opinions, compared to 68 percent who haven't taken them.

Participation in student-run newspapers is another indication of First Amendment savvy. Yet nearly a quarter of U.S. schools don't offer student media programs. "This is not a golden era for student newspapers. They are on the decline," says David Yalof, one of two University of Connecticut researchers who conducted the study. Of schools without student newspapers, 40 percent have halted them in the last five years--often for lack of resources.

Principals surveyed say district-level administrators are generally supportive of journalism skills teaching. Nearly two-thirds of principals rated American schools as good in teaching First Amendment freedoms. But these administrators may need a little brushing up on the topic themselves. More than three-quarters either mildly or strongly disagreed that high school students should be allowed to report controversial issues in their student newspapers without prior approval.

firstamendment.jideas.org

First Amendment Resources

American Society of Newspaper Editors lesson plans:

www.highschooljournalism.org/index.teachers.cfm

First Amendment Schools initiative: www.firstamendmentschools.org

National Scholastic Press Association: www.studentpress.org

Quill and Scroll Society (for high school journalists): www.uiowa.edu/~quill-sc

Student Press Law Center: www.splc.org

Math and Science Reform: K-12 not an Island

A new Business and Higher Education Forum report argues that the preK-12 community can't go it alone to improve science and math education. A Commitment to America's Future: Responding to the Crisis in Mathematics and Science Education calls for business and higher education leaders to take action.

THE END GOAL Develop seamless state systems of education that extend from P-12 to higher education and the workplace.

THE MEANS A four-part plan to help business and higher ed leaders understand the complex issues faced by preK-12 educators. It's a single national agenda to be pursued simultaneously over the next five years as the BHEF monitors progress.

1. Establish state P-16 education councils from the business, legislative and education communities. Each group should define, benchmark and initiate a statewide P-16 plan for students completing a high-quality mathematics and science education.

2. Address and align standards, curricula, assessments, teacher preparation and accountability practices. Proposed changes in any one of these P-12 system components demands attention to effects on the other four.

3. Engage business and higher education in more effective P-12 reform roles. Corporate education outreach initiatives must align with the state's vision for P-12 improvement. College policies and programs should place the education of mathematics and science teachers at the center of its mission.

4. Implement national and state-specific public information programs based on a common set of core messages, promoting the efforts to strengthen math and science education of all students, www.bhef.com
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Title Annotation:Curriculum Update: The latest developments in math, science, language arts and social studies
Author:Ezarik, Melissa
Publication:District Administration
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:May 1, 2005
Words:627
Previous Article:Lessons to learn: U.S. vs. Singapore math.
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