Bridge linked main streets.
IN THE March of 1897, the city's chief librarian, Peter Cowell, gave a talk at the Picton Lecture Hall exploring the history of various Liverpool street names.
Alongside illustrations from the archives, Mr Cowell opened by describing the town in 1650, prior to its emergence as a major player on the world stage, thanks to its fortunate riverside position and tidal pool. The term "pool" was familiar to many in the district, with derivatives at Wallasey Pool, Bromborough Pool, Otterspool and, of course, Liverpool. The learned man discussed the intimate links between the town and its notable residents, such as the Earls of Derby, Lord Molyneux, Thomas Stanley, Colonel John Moore, Sir Thomas Johnson and Alderman Benn.
Their memory was secured in the names of Sir Thomas Street, Sefton Street, Stanley Street, Moor Street, Moorfields, Benn's Gardens and others.
Another principal street which had survived for generations was Chapel Street, named after the Chapel of Our Lady and St Nicholas which, though still standing today, had a somewhat different appearance in its former historic guise.
The origins of Dale Street lay with the Moore family, principal landowners in the district. One such asset was the Dale Field, which at one time followed the line of modern-day Dale Street. In time, this arable patch was urbanised, becoming one of Liverpool's most important and busy thoroughfares.
Nowadays, the location of what was Lancelot's Hey runs at the rear of the Thistle Hotel, with a historic connection to Thomas Lancelot, who once resided there. One of the Moores, Sir Thomas Moore, decried the man, stating: "This fellow and his wife are two such idle people that they scarcely ever pay me rent or hens."
Mr Cowell also turned his attention to Liverpool's ties to Thespianism and the background to Drury Lane in the 18th century. It was in this street that the town's most prominent stages once stood and werenamed after the famous theatrical district in the nation's capital. This had been the second theatre known to be constructed in Liverpool, the first believed to be a somewhat ramshackle affair close to the Old Ropery nearby.
Links to a more rural character and agriculture were also highlighted, with a mention of Tithebarn Street.
Tithe Barns were timberframed structures that were used to store tithes - a tenth of a farm's produce, required as a payment in kind to be given to the church. Similar names, suggestive of a more rustic nature, included Maiden's Green, Love Lane, Lad Lane, Tempest Hey, Rosemary Lane and Moorfields.
A Royal association captivated the audience with talk of the executed Charles I and his will to reign freely, against the will of Parliament.
In his efforts, the King sold off a number of Royal manors along with their fee-farm rents, tolls and lands. A collection of London merchants purchased the Liverpool lots and in turn these were sold to the local Lord Molyneux.
In time, his Lordship ordered the construction of a stone bridge transcending the stream of water that once flowed along modern-day Paradise Street. This resulted in the creation of Lord Molyneux Street, which was later abbreviated to Lord Street.
A view of Liverpool, as seen in 1650
Thomas Lancelot gave his name to the now-lost Lancelot's Hey
A stone bridge crossed the water where Paradise St now stands, linking Lord Street and Church Street
Part of Charles I's Royal estate was sold to Lord Molyneux - hence, Lord Street
Dale Street grew from open fields and grassland owned by the Moores - hence Moor St (behind James St) and Moorfields