Brave new biology: granny gives birth.
In a journal article that has stirred a wide range of emotions, a team of scientists led by Mark V. Sauer at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles reports helping fiftysomething women deliver healthy babies. "Women in their 50s are clearly not the same as 35-year-olds. They conjure up images of grandmothers in rocking chairs;" Sauer says, adding that this stereotype can be misleading. "The reality is that most women that I see in their 50s are very successful, perhaps at the height of their careers."
Until recently, many older women had given up any hope of becoming pregnant. That barrier began to crumble with Sauer's earlier report that women in their 40s could get pregnant by turning to eggs donated by younger women and a procedure known as IVF, or in vitro fertilization (SN: 9/12/92, p. 165).
Now, Sauer and his colleagues have pushed beyond the fortysomething limit. In the first study to focus on women in their 50s, Sauer's team has shown that such women can become pregnant at rates that resemble those seen in a much younger age group. "They did remarkably well;" Sauer says. "Implantation and pregnancy rates are as good as the 30-year-old groups that we've done for years."
The team began by recruiting 14 healthy women in their 50s who wanted to have a baby but who had already passed through menopause. The researchers treated the women with sex hormones that prepare the uterus for pregnancy Next, they collected eggs from younger women. Using standard in vitro techniques, the scientists mixed donor eggs with sperm obtained from each recruit's husband. The team then transferred the embryos from the petri dish to the womb.
Eight of the 14 women became pregnant, the team reports in the Feb. 6 LANCET. One woman suffered a miscarriage in the seventh week of pregnancy, four women have given birth to healthy babies, and the three women still pregnant continue to progress normally
This reproductive accomplishment is not without critics. While there's no doubt that a baby can bring much joy to an older couple, many aspects of this scientific feat raise serious questions, comments ethicist Ellen Moskowitz of the Hastings Center in Briarcliff Manor, N.Y Moskowitz wonders whether women who give birth in their 50s will be able to handle the demands of a teenager.
IVF expert Martin Quigley agrees: "How many 72-year-old women should be raising a teenager?" The rigors of parenting an adolescent aside, Quigley wonders about the motivation of postmenopausal women who want to become pregnant. "Are they trying to recapture their youth?" he asks. Quigley is director of the Northeast Regional Center for Infertility & IVF in Beachwood, Ohio.
Sauer points out that an older woman's reasons for having a child canvary Some of the women in his .study had already had children (and in some cases were grandmothers), but they were in a second marriage and wanted to have a baby with their new partner. In other cases, couples had been married for years, had raised children together, but wanted more kids. "I would call them professional parents," Sauer says. In still other cases, childless women who had pursued a career wanted one last chance to have a baby, he says. All 14 couples had to undergo extensive psychological testing before they could participate in the study, Sauer adds.
The report raises the specter of everolder women achieving the goal of pregnancy, a prospect that Moskowitz finds troubling. She points out that older women may die or become disabled while their children are still quite young. Although ethicists have plenty to say about the social issues surrounding the procedure, IVF experts say the new report suggests there's no obvious age limit to such pregnancies. That thought leads Quigley to wonder, "Where will it end?"
- K.A. Fackelmann
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|Title Annotation:||pregnancy among women in their 50s|
|Author:||Fackelmann, Kathy A.|
|Date:||Feb 13, 1993|
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