Printer Friendly

Botanical entries: foliages and dried materials.

Genus Name (Latin): Euonymus

Pronunciation: (yew-ON-i-raus)

Species Name (Latin): alatus

Common Name: Burning Bush, Winged Spindle Tree

Family Name (Latin and Common): Celastraceae, the Staff-Tree family

Related Family Members in Book: Celastrus

Availability: commercial product: limited

Color: grayish brown

Unique Characteristics: Dried material has 4-angled branch with corky wings.

Design Applications: (medium) (line) Branch material provides an interesting line. Use in supporting armatures for European designs.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Euonymus

Pronunciation: (yew-ON-i-raus)

Species Name (Latin): fortune 'Ivory Jade'

Common Name: Wintercreeper Euonymus

Family Name (Latin and Common): Celastraceae, the Staff-Tree family

Related Family Members in Book: Celastrus

Availability: landscape product: availability varies

Color: green with creamy white margins

Unique Characteristics: Stem is curved with densely grouped leaves; other Euonymus available commercially.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Nice choice for filler. Variegated leaves add interest.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Euphorbia

Pronunciation: (yew-FOR-bee-a)

Species Name (Latin): marginata

Common Name: Snow-on-the-Mountain, Ghostweed

Family Name (Latin and Common): Euphorbiaceae, the Spurge family

Related Family Members in Book: Acalypha, Codiaeum, and Sapium

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green with white margins

Unique Characteristics: Stems release white milky sap when cut, sometimes causing severe burns or dermatitis in some individuals; seal stems to increase vase life.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler) Stems provide a nice accent and brighten focal zones. Interesting in combination with other mixed foliages.

Longevity: days 5-7

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Fagus

Pronunciation: (FAY-gus)

Species Name (Latin): sylvatica

Common Name: European Beech

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fagaceae, the Beech family

Related Family Members in Book: Quercus

Availability: commercial product: limited May-October

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody; leaf is naturally glossy.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Branches are useful for backgrounds. Longer laterals and individual leaves can work well in bridal designs or smaller-scale arrangements.

Longevity: days 7-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Fagus

Pronunciation: (FAY-gus)

Common Name: European Beech

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fagaceae, the Beech family

Related Family Members in Book: Quercus

Availability: commercial product: varies August-November

Color: orange, burgundy, rust, teal, and wine Unique Characteristics: Foliage has woody stem; fresh-cut foliage is dyed in several colors; prolonged exposure to moisture causes dye to exude from stem and leaf.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Branches provide mass. Leaves are nice when combined with other dried or fresh products in traditional design styles.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Ficus

Pronunciation: (FY-kus)

species Name (Latin): benjamina

Common Name: Ficus, Weeping Fig, Laurel, Weeping Laurel

Family Name (Latin and Common): Moraceae, the Mulberry family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Leaves glossy green; commercially available as a greenhouse plant; sap may cause skin to break out in some people.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Ovate-elliptic leaf form works well in corsage and boutonniere work. Plant is good for temporary displays, dish gardens, and interior plantscapes.

Longevity: days 3-5 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Ficus

Pronunciation: (FY-kus)

Species Name (Latin): benjamina 'Variegate'

Common Name: Variegated Ficus, Variegated Weeping Fig

Family Name (Latin and Common): Moraceae, the Mulberry family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green with white variegation

Unique Characteristics: Glossy leaf; commercially available as a greenhouse plant; sap may cause skin to break out in some people.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Leaf form is unique for a filler. Use in corsage and boutonniere work. Plant makes a good choice for temporary landscape displays and dish garden combinations.

Longevity: days 3-5, as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Ficus

Pronunciation: (FY-kus)

Species Name (Latin): lyrata

Common Name: Fiddle-Leaf Fig, Fiddle-Leaf

Family Name (Latin and Common): Moraceae, the Mulberry family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Leaves are fiddle-shaped; commercially available as a large greenhouse plant.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Leaves add visual mass. Big plant is useful for temporary landscape displays in combination with others having varying leaf forms.

Longevity: varies as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Galax

Pronunciation: (GAY-laks)

Species Name (Latin): urceolata

Common Name: Galax

Family Name (Latin and Common): Diapensiaceae, the Diapensia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round with varying supplies in May-June

Color: green (medium), sometimes bronzing in fall or winter months

Unique Characteristics: Leaves are rounded or heart shaped on slender stem; can be cut into shapes or used in mass to produce a rosette.

Design Applications: (small-medium) (accent) Leaf is a staple for covering mechanics. Useful for textural interest with other shapes of foliage.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Gaultheria

Pronunciation: (gawl-THEE-ree-a)

Species Name (Latin): shallon

Common Name: Salal, Lemonleaf, Shallon

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ericaceae, the Heath family

Related Family Members in Book: Erica, Rhododendron, and Vaccinium

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well, becoming lighter gray-green in color.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass) Durable leaf is a staple for the florist. This foliage can be cut, glued, pressed, or dried. Full stem or pieces can be used as background, mass, or filler to both traditional and contemporary designs.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Ginkgo

Pronunciation: (GINGK-go)

Species Name (Latin): biloba

Common Name: Ginkgo, Maidenhair Tree

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ginkgoaceae, the Ginkgo family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: varies

Color: green (medium), golden yellow in fall

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is distinctive, and is a personal favorite for its history; seed kernels, called ginkgo nuts, are widely eaten in the Orient, even though seed oil sometimes causes dermatitis. Mature, fallen fruits of the female tree produce offensive odor (butyric acid or rancid butter); typically not commercially available as a cut foliage; leaves are excellent for pressing.

Design Applications: (small) (form) Two-lobed leaf is a nice accent for pressed flower design. Also useful as a covering technique when glued to flat surfaces, creating a fabric appearance.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Grevillea

Pronunciation: (gre-VIL-ee-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Grevillea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Protea, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: varies September-November

Color: orange, yellow, green, and red

Unique Characteristics: Cut foliage form displays slender, serrated leaf margins; air-dried leaves continue to curl, adding to its unique appearance; available stem-dyed.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Slender leaf has exotic appearance, providing excellent texture to fall and winter designs. Sometimes can act as a line element.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Hedera

Pronunciation: (HED-ur-a)

Species Name (Latin): helix cultivar

Common Name: English Ivy

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araliacee, the Aralia or Ginseng family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Stem is vining with multilobed leaves; several cultivars available year-round as a greenhouse crop.

Design Applications: (medium) (form) Vines are used for adding length to bouquets, container arrangements, and garlands. Lobed leaf is a nice form for boutonniere, corsage, or headpiece designs. Plant is extensively used in container gardens.

Longevity: days 3-4, as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Hedera

Pronunciation: (HED-ur-a)

Species Name (Latin): helix 'Variegata'

Common Name: Variegated Ivy

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araliaceae, the Aralia or Ginseng family

Related Family Member in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green with white margins

Unique Characteristics: Stem has graceful vining habit with multilobed leaves; also available as a greenhouse crop.

Design Applications: (medium) (form) Vine is useful for adding interesting line to cascades and other handheld bouquets. Effectively adds length to container arrangements and garlands. Variegated leaf is excellent for use in corsages, boutonnieres, and headpieces.

Longevity: days 3-5

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Hedera

Pronunciation: (HED-ur-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Tree Ivy

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araliaceae, the Aralia or Ginseng family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (medium) with white margins

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody, with ovate leaves of various sizes.

Design Applications: (large) (filler) Variegated foliage is a good filler. Useful for adding interest or lightening up focal zones. Pretty when combined with other foliages in all-green colored bouquets.

Longevity: days 7-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Heuthera

Pronunciation: (HEW-kur-a)

Species Name (Latin): micrantha 'Palace Purple'

Common Name: Palace Purple Heuchera

Family Name (Latin and Common): Saxifragaceae, the Saxifrage family

Related Family Members in Book: Astilbe, Hydrangea

Availability: landscape plant: varies April-September

Color: purple (reddish), beet-red beneath

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is crinkled and deeply colored; flowers from several species are commercially available, but this plant is also quite striking for containerized gardens.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Leaf adds an interesting form and color to temporary landscapes or containerized gardens.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Hosta

Pronunciation: (HOS-ta)

Species Name (Latin): lancifolia

Common Name: Hosta, Plantain Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Glorioso, Hemerocallis, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari Ornithogalum, Ruscus, So ndersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: landscape plant: limited commercial availability

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is narrowly lance shaped and glossy with thin stem; typically available as a landscape plant but periodically pops up in the commercial trade as a cut foliage.

Design Applications: (small) (mass) Leaf is a different choice for adding mass.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Hosta

Pronunciation: (HOS-ta)

Species Name (Latin): 'Love Pat'

Common Name: Hosta, Plantain Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Glorioso, Hemerocallis, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sondersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: landscape plant: commercially limited during summer months

Color: blue-green

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is heart shaped, cupped, and strongly puckered; typically available as a landscape plant but periodically appears as a commercial product in varying markets.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Stiff leaf provides interesting color, working nicely with larger pink or white garden flowers.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Hosta

Pronunciation: (HOS-ta)

Species Name (Latin): 'Ginko Craig'

Common Name: Hosta, Plantain Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Glorioso, Hemerocallis, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, 0rnithogalum, Ruscus, Sondersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophylllum Availability: landscape plant: limited commercial availability

Color: green (dark) with margins clear-white Unique Characteristics: Foliage is lance shaped; typically available as a landscape plant but periodically appears as a cut foliage; many cultivars of Hosta are available with varying shades of color.

Design Applications: (small) (mass) Variegated leaf is nice for adding mass and accent.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Hosta

Pronunciation: (HOS-ta)

Species Name (Latin): 'Gold Standard'

Common Name: Hosta, Plantain Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Glorioso, Hemerocallis, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, 0rnithogalum, Ruscus, So ndersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: landscape plant: limited commercial availability

Color: yellow-green

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is uniquely yellow, ovate to heart shaped; typically available as a landscape plant but periodically appears as cut foliage; many varieties of Hosta are available with varying colors of green, yellow-green, or blue-green hues.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass) Leaf is a nice addition to designs of all green colored foliage.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Hosta

Pronunciation: (HOS-ta)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Hosta, Plantain Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Glorioso, Hemerocallis, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sondersonio, Scilla, Smilax, TuIipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: landscape plant: limited commercial availability

Color: white with green margins

Unique Characteristics: Foliage has centrally marked white leaf with wide green margins; typically available as a landscape plant but periodically appears as a commercial cut foliage. This is one of five varieties in the book which highlights their varying colorations and forms.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (mass) Leaf is a welcome addition to garden-style designs. Useful for adding interest and mass.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Humulus

Pronunciation: (HEW-mew-lus)

Species Name (Latin): 1upulus

Common Name: Hops

Family Name (Latin and Common): Connabidaceae, the Hemp family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green, red, yellow, and purple

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; holds conelike flower; appears commercially in preserved and stem-dyed garlands; has a slight odor that some find offensive. Also available as fresh-cut vine as seen in photo.

Design Applications: (large) (texture) Leaf and unique fruit are an interesting material for decorating. Single stems have a unique habit that works well for arbors, trellises, and handmade armatures. Garland is beautiful for home decor.

Longevity: days as a cut foliage; long lasting as a preserved material

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Hypoestes

Pronunciation: (hy-po-EE-stes)

Species Name (Latin): phyllostachya 'Pink Splash'

Common Name: Polka-Dot Plant, Pink Polka-Dot Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Acanthaceae, the Acanthus family

Related Family Members in Book: Acanthus, Pachysandra, Thungergia

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green with pink dots

Unique Characteristics: Plant is available as an annual bedding plant but is often found as a greenhouse plant throughout the year; several varieties available; appearance is distinctive.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Unusual leafed plant is useful in containerized gardens, including window box displays and dish gardens as an accent plant.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Hypogymnia

Pronunciation: (hy-po-GYM-nee-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Lichen

Family Name (Latin and Common): Parmeliaceae, the Skull Lichen family

Related Family Members in Book: Letharia, Usnea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: gray with black underneath

Unique Characteristics: This dried material is one of several lichen species with similar characteristics.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Dried material has unique characteristics, and is an excellent choice for adding textural interest to basal zones. Also useful as a covering material.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Ilex

Pronunciation: (EYE-leks)

Species Name (Latin): opaca

Common Name: American Holly

Family Name (Latin and Common): Aquifotiaceae, the Holly family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: November-December Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Form of glossy leaf is distinctive with spiky margins; often available with red berries.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Stiff leaf on woody stem makes this foliage an excellent textural addition to mixed seasonal conifer arrangements. Individual leaves are used for holiday body flower designs after removing spikes.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Ilex

Pronunciation: (EYE-leks)

Species Name (Latin): aquifolium

Common Name: Variegated Holly, English Holly

Family Name (Latin and Common): Aquifotiaceae, the Holly family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: November-December

Color: green with white margins

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive with spiky leaf margins; often available with red berries.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Variegated leaf produces an excellent textural contrast in combination with other cut conifers. Individual leaves are used for holiday body flower designs after removing spikes.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Juniperus

Pronunciation: (joo-NIP-er-us)

Species Name (Latin): communis

Common Name: Juniper, Common Juniper

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cupressaceae, the Cypress family

Related Family Members in Book: Calocedrus, Chamaecyparis, and Thuja

Availability: commercial product: November-January

Color: bluish-green, often with berries

Unique Characteristics: Berries are bluish-gray; needlelike or scalelike leaves are prickly to touch, sometimes causing people skin irritation.

Design Applications: (medium) (texture)

Branching material often contains berries, providing accent and textural interest.

Longevity: weeks 3-4 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Larix

Pronunciation: (LAIR-iks; LAY-riks)

Species Name (Latin): occidentalis

Common Name: Western Larch

Family Name (Latin): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Abies, Picea, Pinus, Pseudotsuga and Tsuga

Availability: landscape plant: limited as a commercial cut foliage

Color: green-light green in spring, dark green in summer, ochre-yellow in fall

Unique Characteristics: Needle is medium-fine; deciduous conifer has drooping branchlets.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Long, drooping branchlets have a wonderfully soft appearance. Excellent choice for contemporary designs to highlight unique form.

Longevity: days 5-7 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Laurus

Pronunciation: (LAW-rus)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Laurel, Sweet Bay, Bay

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lauracee, the Laurel family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: varies year-round

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; leaves are used in cooking and yield an essential oil that is used in perfumery and medicine; can be air-dried.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) This filler is useful in everyday designs. Best when used in small amounts to accent its character. Nice for a fragrant addition to dried kitchen wreaths.

Longevity: days 7-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Letharia

Pronunciation: (le-TRAY-ree-a)

Species Name (Latin): vulpina

Common Name: Chartreuse Lichen

Family Name (Latin and Common): Parmeliaceae, the Skull Lichen family

Related Family Members in Book: Hypogymnia, Usnea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (chartreuse)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; has intense color.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Dried material's unique color draws attention. Makes an excellent choice for adding accent, and often is used for adding texture to basal focal zones in container arrangements.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Leucadendron

Pronunciation: (loo-ka-DEN-drop)

Species Name (Latin): argenteum

Common Name: Silver Tree

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucospermum, Protea, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: varies year-round

Color: gray (silvery)

Unique Characteristics: Stem of leaves is densely covered with silvery, silky pubescence.

Design Applications: (large) (accent) Stem of distinctive silvery leaves can sometimes be used as a line element. Always provides accent because of its unique characteristics. Leaves can be removed from stem and used as a covering material for mechanics of various forms. Best to be used in contemporary design styles.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): biriope

Pronunciation: (li-RY-oh-pee)

Species Name (Latin): muscari

Common Name: Florists' Monkey Grass, Big Blue Lilyturf

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Glorioso, Hemerocallis, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, 0rnithogalum, Ruscus, Sondersonio, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Leaves are wider than L. spicato.

Design Applications: (small to medium) (accent) Long, slender leaf works well in contemporary bridal bouquets. Excellent specimen to create sheltering effects in designs. Can also be used to add physical or visual movement.

Longevity: days 7-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Liriope

Pronunciation: (E-RY-oh-pee)

Species Name (Latin): spicata syn. Ophiopogon spicatus

Common Name: Liriope, Lilyturf, Creeping Lilyturf

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Glorioso, Hemerocallis, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sondersonio, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: landscape plant: limited as a commercial cut foliage

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Leaves are much smaller and narrower than L. muscari.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Small, narrow blades can be useful in bridal designs and corsage work.

Longevity: days 5-7 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Lobaria

Pronunciation: (lo-BAY-ree-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Foliose

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lobariaceae, the Tree Lungwort family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown, varying light to medium

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; if moistened it will regain more color and become pliable; appearance is undeniable.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Pieces of this material add wonderful texture to basal focal zones of container arrangements, and is a good choice for adding accent. Also used to cover mechanics.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Lonicera

Pronunciation: (lo-NIS-ur-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Honeysuckle Vine

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caprifoliaceae, the Honeysuckle family

Related Family Members in Book: Kolkwitzia, Symphoricarpos, Viburnum, and Weigela

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown, variations of light brown and tan Unique Characteristics: Dried material (vine) produces nice wreath forms; photo shows commercially available bundle.

Design Applications: (large) (texture) Groupings of thin vine can be shaped into varying sizes of wreaths. Long pieces when added to fresh or dried designs can create visual movement or rhythm.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Lophomyrtus

Pronunciation: (lo-fo-MUR-tus)

Species Name (Latin): bullata

Common Name: Lophomyrtus

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Chamelaucium, Eucalyptus, Leptospermum, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: December-March

Color: red (bronze to red tinted)

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is slight, sometimes offensive; ovate or rounded leaves are strongly puckered between veins.

Design Applications: (small) (line) Leaves have distinctive color and form. Linear material is useful for contemporary and traditional design styles. Makes a nice accent for bridal bouquets, body flowers, and everyday arrangements.

Longevity: days 6-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Lunaria

Pronunciation: (loo-NAY-ree-a)

Species Name (Latin): annua

Common Name: Money Plant, Honesty, Silver-Dollars

Family Name (Latin and Common): Brassicaceae, the Mustard family Related Family Members in Book: Alysum, Brassica, Iberis, Mauhiola

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; round "silver dollars" shown, have appeared after the valves and seeds drop late in the season; very fragile.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Stem of papery texture adds interest to mixed dried flowers. Also works well in mass alone.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Lycopodium

Pronunciation: (ly-ko-PO-dee-um)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Lycopodium, Club Moss

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lycopodiaceae, the Lycopodium family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (bright)

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; scalelike needles appear on many forked or horizontal branches.

Design Applications: (medium) (line) Linear material is used extensively in contemporary tropical arrangements and in combination with other exotics.

Longevity: days 7-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Magnolia

Pronunciation: (mag-NO-lee-a)

Species Name (Latin): grandiflora

Common Name: Magnolia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Magnoliaceae, the Magnolia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: October-March

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is glossy, dark green, often with brown tones beneath; stem is woody; leaves are also found preserved with glycerine and dyed for use in permanent botanical designs.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Leaves are excellent for providing mass and useful for background.

Longevity: days 6-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Mahonia

Pronunciation: (ma-HO-nee-a)

Species Name (Latin): repens

Common Name: Mahonia, Oregon Grape Holly

Family Name (Latin and Common): Berberbidacee, the Barberry family

Related Family Members in Book: Nandina

Availability: commercial product: varies year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is spiky and glossy.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Spiky leaf is a good choice for adding texture and for use as a filler.

Longevity: days 5-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Maranta

Pronunciation: (mah-RAN-ta)

Species Name (Latin): leuconeurea 'Erythroneura'

Common Name: Prayer Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common):

Morantaceae, the Maranta or Arrowroot family

Related Family Members in Book: Calathea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green with colored venation Unique Characteristics: Leaf has distinctive venation; several Maranta are available for use as cut foliage.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Leaf with variegated designs and interesting venation add mass and accent. Makes an excellent choice for contemporary container and bridal bouquet designs.

Longevity: days 3-5

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Melaleuca

Pronunciation: (mel-a-LOO-ka)

Species Name (Latin): armillaris

Common Name: Honey Bracelet, Honey Myrtle

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Chamelaucium, Eucalyptus, Leptospermum, Lophomyrtus, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (medium to light)

Unique Characteristics: Stem is long and thin with tiny linear leaves, often with white flowers that resemble a bottlebrush.

Design Applications: (small to large) (line) Stems are an excellent choice for adding line to varying scaled designs; also use as a filler with interesting texture, color, and periodic flowers.

Longevity: days 7-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Melissa

Pronunciation: (mee-LIS-a)

Species Name (Latin): officinalis

Common Name: Lemon Balm, Common Balm, Sweet Balm, Bee Balm

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leonotis, Mentha, Molucella, Monarda, Ocimum, 0riganu m, Perovskia, Physostegia, Rosmarinus, Salvia, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: landscape ptant: commercially limited as a commercial cut foliage

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant, lemon-scented leaves can be pressed; also useful in potpourri.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Foliage is an excellent choice for scented or green-colored bouquets.

Longevity: days 3-5, preferring clear water to floral foam

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Miscanthus

Pronunciation: (mis-KAN-thus)

Species Name (Latin): sinensis 'Gracillimus'

Common Name: Maiden Grass

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena, chasmanthium, E'leusine, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phragmites, Phyllostachys, Setaria, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: commercial product: limited August-October

Color: green (gray-green)

Unique Characteristics: Leaves are long, thin, and fine textured.

Design Applications: (texture) Narrow-leafed grass is nice when combined with bold-colored summer bloomers or in autumn bouquets combined with other grasses and exotics.

Longevity: days 5-7

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Miscanthus

Pronunciation: (mis-KAN-thus)

Species Name (Latin): sinensis 'Variegatus'

Common Name: Variegated Maiden Grass

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena, Chasmanthium, E'leusine, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phragmites, Phyllostachys, Setaria, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: commercial product: limited August-October

Color: green and white

Unique Characteristics: Leaf has creamy white, longitudinal bands

Design Applications: (medium-large) (texture) Long grass can provide visual and physical movement to designs. Works beautifully in autumnal colored bouquets.

Longevity: days 3-5

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Miscanthus

Pronunciation: (mis-KAN-thus)

Species Name (Latin): sinensis 'Zebrinus'

Common Name: Zebra Grass

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the

Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena, Chasmanthium, E'leusine, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phragmites, Phyllostachys, Setaria, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: commercial product: limited August-October

Color: green and yellow

Unique Characteristics: Leaf has yellow horizontal bands.

Design Applications: (texture) Long grass blades provide unique texture in combination with flowers, especially in monochromatic yellow designs. A different choice for providing visual and physical movement.

Longevity: days 3-5

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Monstera

Pronunciation: (MON-stur-a; mon-STEE-ra)

Species Name (Latin): deliciosa

Common Name: Monstera, Swiss Cheese Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Anthurium, Caladium, Philodendron, and Zontedeschia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Form of leaf is unique; often contains large holes giving the appearance of Swiss cheese in more mature leaves; available in varying sizes.

Design Applications: (large) (form, mass) Leaf size adds visual mass. An excellent choice for high-style designs, and works well with tropical flowers.

Longevity: weeks 2-4 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Murraya

Pronunciation: (moo-RAY-a)

Species Name (Latin): paniculata

Common Name: Coffee Foliage

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rutaceae, the Rue family

Related Family Members in Book: Poncirus

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is glossy.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Small leafed foliage is an excellent filler for adding interest. Useful for all design styles.

Longevity: days 7-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Myrtus

Pronunciation: (MUR-tus)

Species Name (Latin): communis

Common Name: Common Myrtle

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Chamelaucium, Eucalyptus, Leptospermum, Lophomyrtus, Melaleuca, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: October-March

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant, slightly lemon, when stems are broken; often available glycerine treated and stem dyed in other colors for use in permanent botanical designs.

Design Applications: (large) (line) Leafy line material is an excellent choice for traditional line mass style designs. Long lateral stems are often suitable for smaller-scale arrangements.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Nandina

Pronunciation: (nan-DY-na)

Species Name (Latin): domestica

Common Name: Nandina, Heavenly Bamboo

Family Name (Latin and Common): Berberidaceae, the Barberry family

Related Family Members in Book: Mahonia

Availabitity: indoor plant: varies year-round as a commercial cut foliage

Color: green (medium) often with bronzing

Unique Characteristics: Fruit, tiny clustered berry, as seen in photo, is periodically available; leaves display a seasonal bronzing of color.

Design Applications: (medium) (texture) Good choice for texture, with berries adding accent. Use sparingly within a single design.

Longevity: days 5-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Nelumbo

Pronunciation: (ne-LUM-bo)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Lotus Pod

Family Name (Latin and Common): Nymphaeaceae, the Water Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Nymphaea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown

Unique Characteristics: Dried material is also available in dyed or spray-tinted colors; occasionally appears as a fresh-cut product with nice spring green coloration.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Round form is useful for adding mass to traditional and contemporary designs. Works well when used with pine cones and other pods in holiday centerpieces or wreaths. An excellent choice for terracing.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Nephrolepis

Pronunciation: (nee-FROL-ep-is; ne-FROL-ep-is)

Species Name (Latin): cordifolia

Common Name: Sword Fern

Family Name (Latin and Common): Polypodiaceae, the Polypody family

Related Family Members in Book: Adiantum, Platycerium, Polystichum, Pteris, and Rumohra Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: green (light)

Unique Characteristics: Fronds are linear, and can be pressed.

Design Applications: (small-medium) (line) Fern is often used for contemporary style containers and hand-held bouquets. A useful filler or line element.

Longevity: days 4-5

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Nyssa

Pronunciation: (NIS-a)

Species Name (Latin): sylvatica

Common Name: Black Tupelo, Black Gum, Sour Gum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Nyssaceae, the Nyssa, Tupelo, or Sour-Gum family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: typically not available as a commercial cut foliage

Color: green (dark) in summer, turning yellow, to orange, to purple in the fall

Unique Characteristics: Tree produces beautiful foliage with color in fall; glossy leaf can add interesting texture.

Design Applications: (medium) (line) Stem of glossy foliage can be a useful line element. When colored, it is an unusual choice for autumnal arrangements.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Ocimum

Pronunciation: (OH-kee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): basilicum 'Queen of Siam'

Common Name: Basil, Sweet Basil

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leonotis, Melissa, Mentha, Molucella, Monarda, Origanum, Perovskia, Physostegia, Rosmarinus, Salvia, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: landscape plant: varies seasonally Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Plant is a sweet herb; recently is more popular in cut-flower designs; provides an excellent purple flower head; other Ocimum foliages are available.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Leaf has interesting character that provides texture. Use in herbal bouquets. flower should be used for accent.

Longevity: days 3-4 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Origanum

Pronunciation: (oh-RIG-a-num)

Species Name (Latin): vulgare

Common Name: Oregano

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leonotis, Melissa, Mentha, Molucella, Monarda, Ocimum, Perovskia, Physostegia, Rosmarinus, Salvia, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus Avaitabitity: landscape plant: varies seasonally

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Plant is a sweet herb; like other herbs, it has recently become more popular for cut-flower designs; mostly available as a bedding plant, but other Ocimum periodically appear as a commercial-cut foliage.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Leafed plant is useful in herbal bouquets, providing a unique texture.

Longevity: days 3-4 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pachysandra

Pronunciation: (pak-i-SAN-dra)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Pachysandra, Spurge

Family Name (Latin and Common): Buxaceae, the Box family

Related Family Members in Book: Buxus

Availability: landscape plant: limited as a commercial cut foliage

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Plant is generally available as a ground cover, but can work well in cut-flower designs.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Stem of clustered leaves can add texture to vase or container arrangements. Useful filler for garden flower bouquets.

Longevity: days 4-6 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pandanus

Pronunciation: (pan-DAY-nus)

Species Name (Latin): odoratissimus, utilis, others

Common Name: Hala, Screw Pine

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pandanaceae, the Screw-Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: green with yellow striping

Unique Characteristics: Form is bold with length 24-36 inches; leaf stem is stiff. Can be bent into abstract shapes.

Design Applications: (large) (line) Bold material is an excellent choice for dramatic lines in high-style arrangements. Works well with tropical or exotic flowers, and is a good candidate for creating geometric shapes.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Papaver

Pronunciation: (pa-PAY-ver)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Poppy

Family Name (Latin and Common): Papaveraceae, the Poppy family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown

Unique Characteristics: Dried material is the seed head of blooming poppy; also is available as a fresh product in wonderful spring green color.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Round form of interesting seed head combines texture and mass for adding accent. Use in smaller-scaled designs. Works well when combined with an assortment of pods and cones in everlasting designs.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pelargonium

Pronunciation: (pet-ar-GO-nee-um

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Scented Geranium

Family Name (Latin): Geraniaceae, the Geranium family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: varies as a commercial cut foliage

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Plant is fragrant; other Pelargonium are available with varying scents and leaf forms; some are very pubescent; used for annual bedding, and often found as a greenhouse crop.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Leaves make an interesting addition to bridal bouquets or small-scaled vase arrangements.

Longevity: days 2-4 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pennisetum

Pronunciation: (pen-i-SEE-tum)

Species Name (Latin): setaceum 'Purpureum'

Common Name: Purple Fountain Grass

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena, Chasmanthium, E'leusine, Miscanthus, Phalaris, Phragmites, Phyllostachys, Setaria, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: landscape plant: varies as a commercial cut foliage

Color: burgundy-purple foliage with mauverose spikes

Unique Characteristics: Planks are typically available in spring for summer bedding; plumes appear in August; P. Setaceu m is also readily used for its green form.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Multilinear plant will add texture to planting beds and container gardens. Makes a nice choice bundled for adding movement to cut flower designs.

Longevity: varies as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Phalaris

Pronunciation: (FAL-a-ris)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Phalaris

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena, Chasmanthium, Eleusine, Miscanthus, Pennisetum, Phragmites, Phyllostachys, Setaria, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: tan

Unique Characteristics: Dried material has conical, rounded seed head with hairy tips; available in many colors, often changing with decorator trends.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Dried material is best used when bundled. Works well in mixed dried bouquets, always providing texture and mass.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Philodendron

Pronunciation: (fit-oh-DEN-dron)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Philodendron

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Anthurium, Caladium, Monstera, and Zontedeschia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctively multilobed with a glossy appearance.

Design Applications: (medium) (form, mass) Leaf is a personal favorite for adding form, as well as mass, to high-style designs. Size makes it perfect for contemporary wedding bouquets. Works best with tropical flowers, and is a good choice for basal focal zones.

Longevity: days 5-7

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Phormium

Pronunciation: (FOR-mee-um)

Species Name (Latin): tenax cultivar

Common Name: Flax, New Zealand Flax

Family Name (Latin and Common): Agovaceae, the Agave family

Related Family Members in Book: Dracaena, Polianthes, and Yucca

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red-purple

Unique Characteristics: Color is reddish-purple, but green cultivars are also available; stiff midrib of leaf can be bent for angular patterns.

Design Applications: (medium) (line) Long linear leaf works well in geometric designs. Tropical flowers combine well with the appearance and coloration.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Phyllostachys

Pronunciation: (fit-o-STAY-kis; fit-o-STAK-is)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Bamboo

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena, Chasmanthium, E'leusine, Miscanthus, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phragmites, Setaria, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: landscape plant: typically not available as a commercial cut foliage

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; leaves are susceptible to curling quickly out of water.

Design Applications: (large) (texture) Branching stem of leaves is perfect for Oriental designs.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Phyllostachys

Pronunciation: (fit-oh-STAY-kis; fit-oh-STAK-is)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: River Cane

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena, Chasmanthium, Eleusine, Miscanthus, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phragmites, Setaria, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: yellow-tan

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; hollow stems can hold water between cells.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (line) Slender leafless stems work well in Oriental designs. Use for producing geometric shapes in abstract or contemporary styles.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Physalis

Pronunciation: (FY-sa-lis; FIS-a-lis)

Species Name (Latin): alkekengi

Common Name: Japanese Lantern, Chinese Lantern

Family Name (Latin and Common): Solanaceae, the Nightshade family

Related Family Members in Book: Brugmansia, Capsicum

Availability: commercial product: varies late summer into fall

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: Fragile dried material has pendulous papery-looking "lanterns"; displays bold color.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Stem of orange lanterns is a nice accent. Design use is best when allowed enough space to accentuate their unique habit.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]
COPYRIGHT 2001 Delmar Learning
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2001 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Title Annotation:Part 2: Euonymus-Physalis
Author:Scace, Pat Diehl
Publication:The Floral Artist's Guide, A Reference to Cut Flowers and Foliage
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2001
Words:6167
Previous Article:Botanical entries: foliages and dried materials.
Next Article:Botanical entries: foliages and dried materials.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2019 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters