Printer Friendly

Botanical entries: foliages and dried materials.

Genus Name (Latin): Picea

Pronunciation: (PY-see-a; PIS-ee-a)

Species Name (Latin): abies

Common Name: Norway Spruce Cone

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Abies, Larix, Pinus, Pseudoisuga, and Tsuga

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown (light)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material contains cone with scales that are without undulations.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Cone is a nice addition to holiday wreaths and centerpieces. Size and shape are good for adding mass to traditional or contemporary design styles.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Picea

Pronunciation: (PY-see-a; PIS-ee-a)

Species Name (Latin): glauca

Common Name: White Spruce Cones

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Abies, Larix, Pinus, Pseudoisuga, and Tsuga

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: brown (light)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material is smaller than other cones that are typically available commercial products.

Design Applications: (small) (mass) Cone is an excellent choice for adding interest through texture and mass. Makes a beautiful addition to holiday wreaths and centerpieces.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Picea

Pronunciation: (PY-see-a; PIS-ee-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Spruce

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Abies, Larix, Pinus, Pseudoisuga, and Tsuga

Availability: landscape plant: typically not available as a commercial cut foliage

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Displays a pendulous habit; other Picea readily appear as commercial cut foliage.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler) Needles are short. All spruce have texture that works well in combination with other conifers. Useful for holiday decorations.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pinus

Pronunciation: (PY-nus)

Species Name (Latin): nigra subsp. austriaca

Common Name: Austrian Pine Cone, Austriaca Pine Cone

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Abies, Larix, Picea, Pseudoisuga, and Tsuga

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: brown (light)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; cone is rounded in shape, with spiny tips; size can reach 3 inches.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass) Cone has form, nicely suited for holiday wreaths and arrangements. Excellent in combination with other cones of mixed conifers.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pinus

Pronunciation: (PY-nus)

Species Name (Latin): strobus

Common Name: White Pine, Eastern White Pine

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Abies, Picea, Larix, Pseudoisuga, and Tsuga

Availability: commercial product: November-January

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is needlelike, long, and thin; branches are flexible; white pine roping is commonly used for holiday decorations. Design Applications: (medium) (texture, filler) Branches of flexible needles provide soft Looking texture to mixed conifer designs. Use for holiday wreaths, container arrangements, bridal bouquets, corsages, and boutonnieres.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pinus

Pronunciation: (PY-nus)

Species Name (Latin): strobus

Common Name: Eastern White Pine

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Abies, Larix, Picea, Pseudoisuga, and Tsuga

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown (light)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; resinous cylindrical cone is often curved with apex pointed; length is 4-6 inches.

Design Applications: (medium) (texture) Cone is a staple for holiday designs. Works well with mixed cut conifers and flowers in container arrangements. Also suitable for use with permanent holiday decorations of all kinds.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pinus

Pronunciation: (PY-nus)

Species Name (Latin): taeda

Common Name: Loblolly Pine Cone

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Abies, Larix, Picea, Pseudotsuga, and 7suga

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown (light)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; cylindrical cone 3-5 inches long or more.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Cone adds emphasis to holiday cut flower designs. Works beautifully when grouped by themselves in mass for merchandising displays.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pittosporum

Pronunciation: (pi-TOS-po-rum; pit-o-SPO-rum)

Species Name (Latin): tenuifolium cultivar

Common Name: Israeli Pitt

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pittosporaceae, the Pittosporum family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green with white margin

Unique Characteristics: Leaf margins are typically wavy and glossy, form differs from other varieties in the book.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Variegated leaf works well in vase or container arrangements. Makes a nice choice for brightening focal zones.

Longevity: days 7-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pittosporum

Pronunciation: (pi-TOS-po-rum; pit-o-SPO-rum)

Species Name (Latin): tobira

Common Name: Pittosporum, Japanese Mock Orange

Family Name (Latin and Common): Piuosporaceae, the Pittosporum family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is obovate and semiglossy; durability is an asset.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Round leaf form provides interest. Use as a filler and accent in container arrangements as well as wedding bouquets, corsages, and boutonnieres.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pittosporum

Pronunciation: (pi-TOS-po-rum; pit-o-SPO-rum)

Species Name (Latin): tobira 'Variegatum'

Common Name: Variegated Pittosporum, Japanese Mock Orange

Family Name (Latin and Common): Piuosporaceae, the Pittosporum family Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green with white margins

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is obovate and semiglossy; durability is an asset.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Round leaf form provides filler and mass. Use in container arrangements as well as wedding bouquets, corsages, and boutonnieres. Variegated leaf can be used to lighten up dark focal zones.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Platycerium

Pronunciation: (plat-I-SEE-ree-um)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Staghorn Fern

Family Name (Latin and Common): Polypodiaceae, the Polypody family

Related Family Members in Book: Adiantum, Nephrolepis, Polystichum, Pteris, and Rumohra

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is forked into antlerlike lobes, covered with tiny starlike hairs; this epiphyte is also available as a greenhouse plant.

Design Applications: (large) (form) Lobed leaf is a personal favorite for accent. Unusual form should be used in high-style designs or in some manner that fully displays its distinctive form.

Longevity: days 3-5

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Podocarpus

Pronunciation: (po-do-KAR-pus; pod-o-KAR-pus)

Species Name (Latin): macrophyllus

Common Name: Podocarpus, Southern Yew, Buddhist Pine

Family Name (Latin and Common): Podocarpaceae, the Podocarpus family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is linear, lanceolate, and pointed on crowded twigs; foliage is durable; periodically is available with tiny blue berries.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Linear leafed foliage is an interesting filler. Plays well against larger, rounder ovate leaf forms, such as Gaultheria.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Polygonatum

Pronunciation: (po-lig-o-NAY-tum)

Species Name (Latin): odoratum 'Variegatum'

Common Name: Solomon's Seal

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Lillium, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: landscape plant: varies commercially as a cut foliage in spring

Color: green with white margins

Unique Characteristics: Stem is arching with elliptic-ovate variegated leaves; small fragrant white flowers dangle beneath leaves in spring.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler) Arching habit of stem provides linear accent. Use in combination with other spring flowers, especially in vegetative systems of design.

Longevity: davs 5-7

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Polystichum

Pronunciation: (po-LIS-ti-kum)

Species Name (Latin): munitum

Common Name: Western Sword Fern, Shield Fern, Flat Fern

Family Name (Latin and Common): Polypodiaceae, the Polypody family

Related Family Members in Book: Adiantum, Nephrolepis, Platycerium, Pteris, and Rumohra

Availability: commercial product: year-round with varying supply in summer months

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Stems are 24-28 inches long; plant is similar to Nephrolepis but has longer and wider leaves, often containing spores beneath.

Design Applications: (large) (line) Foliage is a good choice for background or outline in line mass designs. Also useful as a filler.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Poncirus syn. Aegle

Pronunciation: (pon-SY-rus)

Species Name (Latin): trifoliata

Common Name: Bell Cup, Trifoliate Orange, Hardy Orange

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rutaceae, the Rue family

Related Family Members in Book: Munaya

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color. brown

Unique Characteristics: Dried material is available in natural and many stained or dyed colors; also is available dried whole or cut and placed on wire stems as shown in photo.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Large size adds visual weight to any arrangement.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Protea

Pronunciation: (PRO-tee-ah)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Protea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown (light)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material is available in many dyed or spray-tinted colors; shown on wired stem in photo.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass) The fiat round form of this material is useful for providing mass in any design style. Works nicely when combined with cones and other dried pods in wreaths or holiday arrangements.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Protea

Pronunciation: (PRO-tee-ah)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Protea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown (light)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material is available in several dyed colors and on wired stem as shown in photo.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Flat, round form adds mass to contemporary or traditional designs. Often is used in combination with permanent botanicals.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Protea

Pronunciation: (PRO-tee-ah)

Species Name (Latin): repens

Common Name: Sugarbush Protea, Honey Flower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; Outside surface is sometimes sticky.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) flower form and color are unique, adding accent and texture to container designs or wall decor. Natural red color is nice when combined with dried grasses or preserved conifers.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pseudotsuga

Pronunciation: (soo-doe-S00-ga)

Species Name (Latin): menziesii

Common Name: Douglas Fir

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Abies, Larix, Picea, Pinus, and Tsuga

Availability: commercial product: November-January

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Needles (leaves) are fiat, linear, having two white bands beneath.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Needled branches are nice when combined with several other types of conifers. Use in container holiday arrangements of all styles.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Psylliostachys

Pronunciation: (sy-Lee-oh-STAK-us)

Species Name (Latin): suworowii

Common Name: Rattail Statice

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pumbaginaceae, the Plumbago or Leadwort family

Related Family Members in Book: Goniolimon, Limonium

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Dried material has long, slender stems; occasionally is available as a commercial cut flower.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Spike flower is an unusual choice for accent and filler. Works uniquely well in monochromatic designs of everlasting flowers.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Pteris

Pronunciation: (TEE-ris; TER-is)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Brake Fern, Table Fern

Family Name (Latin and Common): Polypodiaceae, the Polypody family ketated Family Members in Book: Adiantum, Nephrolepis, Platycerium, Polystichum, and Rumohra

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Leaf tips are ruffled; leaf has an arching habit; makes an unusual houseplant.

Design Applications: (small) (form) Leaf form is unique. Choose this material for individual fronds in simple budvases or contemporary bridal designs. Plant is good for adding interest to containerized garden mixtures.

Longevity: days 2-4 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Punica

Pronunciation: (PEW-rd-ka)

Species Name (Latin): granatum cultivar

Common Name: Pomegranate

Family Name (Latin and Common): Puniaceae, the Pomegranate family

Related Family Members in Book: none Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: orange-red

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; typically available freeze-dried as shown; sometimes also available in predried slices.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass) Round form is a great choice for adding mass to wreaths and permanent container arrangements. Makes a good choice for pillowing technique. Looks wonderful with mixed fresh or dried materials in autumnal color combinations.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Quercus

Pronunciation: (KWER-kus)

Species Name (Latin): palustris

Common Name: Oak Leaves

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fagaceae, the Beech family

Related Family Members in Book: Fagus

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: orange, yellow, rust, and green (lime)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material available has been stem-dyed and preserved with glycerine; avoid excessive moisture; other preserved Quercus are also available in colors.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler) Branch of medium-size pin-oak leaves are well suited for dried wreaths or arrangements. Most effective use is when leaves are gathered into small bunches. Recent introduction of bright green makes this product more adaptable for transseasonal uses.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Rhamnus

Pronunciation: (RAM-nus)

Species Name (Latin): alaternus 'Argenteovariegata'

Common Name: Rhamnus, Italian Buckthorn

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rhamnaceae, the Buckthorn family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (gray-green)

Unique Characteristics: Leaf has leathery and glossy appearance with white margins.

Design Applications: (medium) (line) Small leaves on medium sized stem provides both accent and line. Use in traditional line or linemass arrangements of all sizes.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Rhipsalis

Pronunciation: (RIP-sa-lis)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Rhipsalis

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cactaceae, the Cactus family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green (medium to light) Unique Characteristics: Plant has succulent stems.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Appearance of stems always add interest. Works well in contemporary bridal and everyday designs.

Longevity: days 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Rhus

Pronunciation: (RUS; ROOS)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Sumac

Family Name (Latin and Common): Anacardiaceae, the Cashew family

Related Family Members in Book: Cotinus, Schinus

Availability: landscape plant: commercially limited May-October as a commercial cut foliage

Color: green changing to orange, then purplish red in fall

Unique Characteristics: Colors are uniquely varied on one leaf; leaves are suitable for pressing; flower panicles are prominent as shown.

Design Applications: (large) (accent) Leaf form is distinctive. Always provides drama with its fall color.

Longevity: days 2-4 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Rosmarinus

Pronunciation: (ros-ma-RY-nus; roz-ma-RY-nus)

Species Name (Latin): officinalis cultivar

Common Name: Rosemary

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lamium, Lavandula, Leonotis, Melissa, Mentho, Molucello, Monorda, Ocimum, 0rigonum, Physostegia, Salvia, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: commercial product: summer months into fall as a cut foliage

Color: gray-green

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is strong; fresh flower tops are used to distill the aromatic oil used in perfumery and medicine; dried leaves are used in seasoning. Plants are available year-round as a greenhouse crop, including some topiary shapes.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Strong fragrance adds aroma to linear material. Stems can be used in vegetative garden designs. Combines well with many other herbs.

Longevity: days 4-7

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Rumohra

Pronunciation: (roo-MO-rah)

Species Name (Latin): adiantiformis

Common Name: Leatherleaf, Leatherleaf Fern, Baker Fern

Family Name (Latin and Common): Polypodiaceae, the Polypody family Related Family Members in Book: Adiantum, Nephrolepis, Platycerium, Polistichum, and Pteris

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (medium to dark)

Unique Characteristics: Fronds are triangular; appearance is sometimes glossy; species is available in several grades of size.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (filler) Multipurpose foliage works well to cover mechanics, add mass, or texture.

Longevity: weeks 1-2 or more long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Ruscus

Pronunciation: (RUS-kus)

Species Name (Latin): nypoglossum

Common Name: Italian Ruscus, Smilax Ruscus

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Glorioso, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Lilium, Liriope, Muscari, So ndersonia, TuIipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is elliptic to oblanceolate; durability is an asset.

Design Application: (medium) (line) Broad, dark green leaves create visual weight. Stem of leaves is slender enough to provide line to small arrangements.

Longevity: days 7-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Ruscus

Pronunciation: (RUS-kus)

Species Name (Latin): aculeatus

Common Name: Ruscus, Hottand Ruscus, Butchers Broom

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Glorioso, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Lilium, Liriope, Muscari, So ndersonia, Tulipa, and Xerophyllym

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is glossy, stiff, and spiny or pointed; stems are sometimes arching. This durable foliage is available in spray-tinted colors around the winter holidays.

Design Applications: (large) (line) Branched stem of glossy leaves makes this foliage an excellent choice for adding line and length. Lateral stems are useful in small-scaled container arrangements or body flower designs.

Longevity: days 7-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Sabal

Pronunciation: (SAY-bat)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Palmetto Palm

Family Name (Latin and Common): Arecaceae, the Palm family

Related Family Members in Book: Chamaedorea and Cocos

Availability: commercial product: limited as a cut foliage

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Palmate leaf form may be trimmed for interesting shapes; available as dried material already trimmed into fan design. Design Applications: (large) (mass) Leaf adds mass. Use as background material in large displays.

Longevity: days 5-7

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Sabal

Pronunciation: (SAY-bat)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Sabal, Palmetto

Family Name (Latin and Common): Arecaceae, the Palm family

Related Family Members in Book: Chamaedorea and Cocos

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown (natural)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material is available dyed or painted in decorator colors.

Design Applications: (large) (line) Interesting line material is nice for permanent botanical designs, especially when three or more are grouped together.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Saccharum

Pronunciation: (sak-KAR-um)

Species Name (Latin): ravennae

Common Name: Plume Grass

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena,

Chasmanthium, E'leusine, Miscanthus, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phragmites, Phyllostachys, Setaria, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: tan

Unique Characteristics: Dried material consists of soft plume.

Design Applications: (large) (texture) Feathery appearance of the plume adds a delicate texture. Appearance is striking if grouped in mass.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Salix

Pronunciation: (SAY-liks)

Species Name (Latin): discolor

Common Name: Pussy Willow

Family Name (Latin and Common): Salicaceae, the Willow family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: November-May with varying supplies June-October

Color: brown

Unique Characteristics: Dried material is also available as a perishable product; dark stems with white fuzzy catkins are distinctive.

Design Applications: (small-large) (line) Stems are extremely versatile for adding line. Use in any design style. It is a favorite for spring arrangements and is often used to create framing or build armatures.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Salix

Pronunciation: (SAY-liks)

Species Name (Latin): matsudana 'Tortuosa'

Common Name: Corkscrew Willow, Dragon Claw Willow

Family Name (Latin and Common): Salicaceae, the Willow family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (light)

Unique Characteristics: Branch is irregularly curved; stems occasionally will leaf out after prolonged periods in fresh water; also is available as a dried material.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (line) Branch material is an excellent choice for interesting line. Pliable stems can be bent to create tension or sheltering effects in designs. Appearance is very nice when used alone in mass, but is suitable for all styles of design from traditional line mass to high style.

Longevity: weeks 3 or more long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Salix

Pronunciation: (SAY-liks)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Fasciated Willow, Natraj

Family Name (Latin and Common): Salicaceae, the Willow family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Stem is contorted; product is very unusual with no two stems alike.

Design Applications: (large) (line) Thick stem is great for oriental or high style designs. Place where unique character can be observed.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Salvia

Pronunciation: (SAL-vee-a)

Species Name (Latin): officinalis 'Tricolor'

Common Name: Tricolor Sage

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leonotis, Melissa, Mentha, Molucella, Monarda, Ocimum, Physostegia, Rosma rinus, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: landscape plant: varies seasonally

Color: purple, green and white variegated Unique Characteristics: Leaf is tricolored; available as a potted plant for indoor or outdoor use.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Multicolored leaf works well with other herbs. Use plant to add accent in container gardens.

Longevity: days 3-4 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Sapium

Pronunciation: (SAY-pee-um)

Species Name (Latin): sebiferum

Common Name: Tallow Tree Berry, Chinese Tallow Tree, Vegetable Tallow Tree

Family Name (Latin and Common): Euphorbiaceae, the Euphorbia family

Related Family Members in Book: Acalypha, Codiaeum, and Euphorbia

Availability: commercial product: varies year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Seeds are waxy.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Clustered seed is a nice addition to both fresh or dried designs.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Sarracenia

Pronunciation: (sair-a-SEE-nee-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Sarracenia, Pitcher Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Sorrocenioceae, the Pitcher Plant family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: white veined with green or purple

Unique Characteristics: Dried material has tubular-shaped leaves that are often mistaken for flowers; one side is winged and terminated by a lid; displays colored venation; several Sorrocenio species are available.

Design Applications: (medium) (line) Material is wonderfully unique. Exquisite when grouped in mass allowing the unusual form to be highlighted, and a good candidate for geometric or parallel systems.

Longevity: days 7-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): ScheffIera

Pronunciation: (shef-LEER-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Schefflera, Umbrella Tree

Family Name (Latin and Common): Arolioceae, the Ginseng family

Related Family Members in Book: Hedero

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is palmate; cut foliage is durable.

Design Applications: (medium) (form) Leaf has different form for adding accent. Use in bridal bouquets or smaller container arrangements.

Longevity: days 3-7 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Schefflera

Pronunciation: (shef-LEER-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Variegated Schefflera

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araliaceae, the Ginseng family

Related Family Members in Book: Hedera

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green with white variegation

Unique Characteristics: Leaf form is palmate; cut foliage is durable.

Design Applications: (medium) (form) Leaf form and interesting coloration adds accent. Use for wedding bouquets, or is suitable for smaller arrangements. Variegated leaf can brighten dark focal zones.

Longevity: days 3-7 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Senecio

Pronunciation: (se-NEE-shee-o)

Species Name (Latin): cineraria 'Cirrus'

Common Name: Dusty Miller

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Calendula, Callistephus, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Coreopsis, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Solidago, x Solidaster Tagetes, and Zinnia

Availability: landscape plant: varies as an annual

Color: gray

Unique Characteristics: Leaves are gray and hirsute and work well as a pressed foliage; can also be useful as a cut foliage.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Uniquely gray leaf adds interest to designs, especially in combination with bold colors. Plant works well in container gardens.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Senecio

Pronunciation: (se-NEE-shee-o)

Species Name (Latin): cineraria 'Silver Dust'

Common Name: Dusty Miller

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bra cteantha, Calendula, Callistephus, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Coreopsis, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Solidago, x Solidaster Tagetes, and Zinnia

Availability: landscape plant: varies as an annual

Color: gray

Unique Characteristics: Color of gray is almost white; makes a great candidate for pressing; also can be used as a cut foliage.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Gray leaf is nice for adding accent to container gardens, and works especially well in combination with bold pink, red, and blue. Makes a good choice for pressed floral designs.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Senecio

Pronunciation: (se-NEE-shee-o)

Species Name (Latin): cineraria 'Silver Lace'

Common Name: Dusty Miller

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bra cteantha, Calendula, Callistephus, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Coreopsis, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Solidago, x Solidaster Tagetes, and Zinnia

Availability: landscape plant: varies as an annual

Color: gray

Unique Characteristics: Leaves have a delicate, lacy appearance; makes a great choice for pressing; also can be used as a cut foliage. Design Applications: (small) (texture) Lacey leaf with gray color is a nice accent for container gardens. Use as a dried foliage in pressed flower designs.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Senecio

Pronunciation: (se-NEE-shee-o)

Species Name (Latin): rowleyanus

Common Name: String-of-Pearls, String-of-Beads

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Calendula, Callistephus, Centaurea, Coreopsis, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Solidago, x Solidaster, Tagetes, and Zinnia

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green (light)

Unique Characteristics: Leaves are spherical and succulent on pendant stems; should be wired, picked, and taped before inserting into container arrangements.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Round "bead" on thin stem is a personal favorite. Makes a wonderful choice for boutonnieres, corsages, or bouquets. Unique form adds textural interest. Use in contemporary designs to add a vertical line.

Longevity: varies as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Setaria

Pronunciation: (se-TAY-nee-a)

Species Name (Latin): italica

Common Name: Foxtail Millet, Japanese Millet, Italian Millet

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena, Chasmanthium, Misanthus, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phyllostachys, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: tan (natural)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material has a fuzzy seed head on a wiry stem which provides physical movement; seed head available in other colors, especially nice is basil green.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Dried material is most effective when bundled. Works well in combination with other grasses, wheat, barley, and millet. Provides an interesting texture when single stems are added to small-scale designs.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Solenostemon

Pronunciation: (so-le-NOS-tee-mon)

Species Name (Latin): scutellarioides-Wizard Series

Common Name: Coleus, flame Nettle, Painted Nettle

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lomiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leo notis, Mentha, Molucello, Monodo, Ocimum, Origanum, Perovskia, Physostegio, Rosmorinus, Salvia, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: landscape plant: varies as an annual

Color: multicolored

Unique Characteristics: Color combinations are widely varied with leaf margins and venation in striking combinations; many varieties available.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Leaf is a nice choice for drama. Use plant in shaded window boxes, urns, or landscape situations.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Sorghum

Pronunciation: (SOR-gum)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Broom Corn

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Aveno, Chosmanthium, Misconthus, Pennisetum, Pholoris, Phyllostachys, Setoria, and Triticum Availability: commercial product: varies September-October

Color: black, brown, or tan shades

Unique Characteristics: Dried material has a unique seed head, and a pendulous habit; used for making brooms; also can be purchased as a perishable product, continuing to air-dry with some shrinkage of stem.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Beaded appearance is a welcome addition of texture to autumnal displays. Use material for providing physical movement.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Stachys

Pronunciation: (STAY-kis)

Species Name (Latin): byzantina

Common Name: Lamb's Ears, Woolly Betony

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leonoiis, Melissa, Mentha, Molucella, Monarda, Ocimum, Origanum, Physostegia, Rosmarinus, Salvia, Solenostemon, and Thymus

Availability: landscape plant: varies as a perennial

Color: gray

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is pubescent having the appearance of a lamb's ear, and can be pressed.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Fuzzy-leafed plant provides accent and mass.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Stachys

Pronunciation: (STAY-kis)

Species Name (Latin): 'Helene Von Stein'

Common Name: Lamb's Ears, Woolly Betony

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lamium, Lavandula, Leonoiis, Melissa, Mentha, Molucella, Monarda, Ocimum, Origanum, Physostegia, Rosmarinus, Salvia, Solenostemon, and Thymus

Availability: landscape plant: varies as a perennial

Color: gray

Unique Characteristics: Large, wonderfully pubescent leaf.

Design Applications: (large) (accent) Large fuzzy leaf provides visual mass and accent.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Strelitzia

Pronunciation: (stre-LIT-see-a)

Species Name (Latin): reginae

Common Name: Strelitzia Foliage, Bird-of-Paradise Foliage

Family Name (Latin and Common): Strelitziaceae, the Strelitzia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: tan (natural)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material is also available in painted decorator colors; leaf stem, which adds considerable length, is not shown in photo.

Design Applications: (large) (line) Curly leaf adds unusual line and accent. Works especially well in high-style arrangements.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Swietenia

Pronunciation: (swee-TEE-nee-a)

Species Name (Latin): mahagoni

Common Name: Mahogany Pod

Family Name (Latin and Common): Meliaceae, the Mahogany family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown (natural)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material is also commercially available in painted colors on wood picks or wire stems.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Pod provides linear interest. Works well in combination with other cones and pods in mixed conifer or permanent botanical designs for holidays and everyday.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Syngonium

Pronunciation: (sin-GO-nee-um)

Species Name (Latin): podophyllum

Common Name: Arrowhead Trine, Goosefoot

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Anthurium, Caladium, Monstera, and Zantedeschia

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is often greenish white to cream; periodically appears as a commercial cut foliage.

Design Applications: (medium) (form) Arrow-shape leaf adds interest and mass. Makes a good choice for use in monochromatic white designs.

Longevity: days 3-5 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Thymus

Pronunciation: (THY-mus)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Thyme

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leonotis, Melissa, Mentha, Molucella, Monarda, Ocimum, Origanum, Physostegia, Rosmarinus, Salvia, Solenostemon, and Stachys

Availability: landscape plant: varies seasonally

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Plant is fragrant. Because of its diminutive size, this variety is often grown as an indoor plant, but can be used for outdoor gardens; other Thymus are available, some periodically appearing as a commercial cut foliage.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) This fragrant leaf works well with other herbs.

Longevity: days 3-5 as a cut foliage

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Thuja

Pronunciation: (THOO-ya)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Arborvitae

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cupressaceae, the Cypress family Related Family Members in Book: Calocedrus, Chomaecyporis, and Juniperus

Availability: commercial product: November-December Color: green (medium to light)

Unique Characteristics: flat sprays have scale-like surface; branch is also available preserved and dyed for use with permanent botanicals.

Design Applications: (large) (filler) Branches of flat sprays provide an excellent choice of texture.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Tillandsia

Pronunciation: (ti-LAND-zee-a)

Species Name (Latin): usneoides

Common Name: Spanish Moss, Graybeard

Family Name (Latin and Common): Bromeliaceae, the Bromelia or Pineapple family Related Family Members in Book: Aechmea, Ananas, and Guzmania

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: gray

Unique Characteristics: Dried or perishable product is available.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Use to cover mechanics.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Tillandsia

Pronunciation: (ti-LAND-zee-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Tillandsia, Air Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Bromeliaceae, the Bromeliad or Pineapple family

Related Family Members in Book: Aechmea, Ananas, and Guzmania

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: gray-green

Unique Characteristics: Leaves are narrow and curly; plant is epiphytic.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Exotic appearance adds accent. Use in contemporary wedding bouquets or abstract arrangements.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Tradescantia

Pronunciation: (trad-es-KAN-shi-a)

Species Name (Latin): fluminensis

Common Name: Wandering Jew

Family Name (Latin and Common):

Commelinaceae, the Spiderwort family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green and purple variegated

Unique Characteristics: Coloration is unique; stem has vining habit.

Design Applications: (small to medium) (filler) Plant is useful for its trailing habit. Makes a good choice for mixed container gardens.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Triticum

Pronunciation: (TRIT-i-Rum)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Bearded Wheat

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena, chasmanthium, Miscanthus, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phyllostachys, Setaria, and Sorghum

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: tan with dark beard

Unique Characteristics: This dried material is typically tan with beardless wheat species commercially available in several dyed colors. Design Applications: (small) (texture) Seed head is great for bundling. Stems can also be used for binding technique. Makes a nice textural addition to fall centerpieces and wreaths.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Tsuga

Pronunciation: (TSU-ga)

Species Name (Latin): canadensis

Common Name: Hemlock, Canadian Hemlock, Eastern Hemlock

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Abies, Larix, Picea, Pinus, and Pseudotsugo

Availability: commercial product: limited November-December

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Leaves are flattened and linear, soft to the touch; slender laterals along stem often have graceful habit.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler) Conifer has distinctive habit. Combines well with other mixed foliage for holiday arrangements or displays.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Tsuga

Pronunciation: (TSU-ga)

Species Name (Latin): canadensis

Common Name: Canadian (Eastern) Hemlock Cone

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Abies, Larix, Picea, Pinus, and Pseudotsuga

Availability: commercial product: year-round with varying supplies

Color: brown

Unique Characteristics: This dried material is the smallest-scale cone listed in the book.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Cone adds nice texture and interest to smaller-scale designs. Works well in combination with other sizes and shapes of cones, and is great for the paving technique. Use for holiday corsages, package tops, and ornaments.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Typha

Pronunciation: (TY-fa)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Cattail

Family Name (Latin and Common): Typhaceae, the Cattail family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown

Unique Characteristics: This dried material has several varieties available in varying sizes.

Design Applications: (small-large) (line) Spikes are a useful line element especially in autumnal designs, and are a good candidate for bundling. Large sizes add linear mass.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Usnea

Pronunciation: (YEW-snee-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Florists' Lichen-Covered Branches

Family Name (Latin and Common): Parmeliaceae, the Skull Lichen family

Related Family Members in Book: Hypogymnia, Lechoria

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: gray

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; branches include scattered lichen, sometimes of several genera; photo depicts closeup of this genera.

Design Applications: (large) (line) Branches that are covered with lichens draw immediate attention. Large size works especially well as background or framing in naturalistic displays.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Vaccinium

Pronunciation: (vak-SIN-ee-um)

Species Name (Latin): ovatum

Common Name: Huck, Huckleberry

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ericaceae, the Heath family

Related Family Members in Book: Erica, Gaultheria, and Rhododendron

Availability: commercial product: year-round with varying supplies in July

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody with semiglossy ovate leaves; durability is an asset.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Multi-leafed filler is useful in providing background or textural interest against Chamaedorea in traditional line-mass arrangements. Also is well suited for smaller-scaled designs.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Vinca

Pronunciation: (VING-ka)

Species Name (Latin): major 'Variegata'

Common Name: Vinca, Greater Periwinkle

Family Name (Latin and Common): Apocynaceae, the Dogbane family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: varies seasonally

Color: green margined with yellowish-white

Unique Characteristics: Vining plant is more often sold as a bedding plant crop, but is available in hanging basket form which is suitable for wedding and event decorations; typically not available as a cut foliage.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Listed for its extensive use in displays, the plant has trailing vines which are a nice addition to mixed container plantings.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Xerophyllum

Pronunciation: (zee-ro-FIL-um)

Species Name (Latin): tenax

Common Name: Bear Grass, Elk Grass, Indian Basket Grass

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Lilium, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Smilax, and Tulipa

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Plant air-dries well; leaves are narrow and bladed, and display an arching habit; a personal favorite for adaptability and character.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Multilinear filler is an excellent choice for adding movement to container or bouquet work. Works well in mass. Often is used to create loops in corsage and boutonniere designs.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Zamia

Pronunciation: (ZAY-mee-a)

Species Name (Latin): floridana

Common Name: Coontie, Florida Arrowroot

Family Name (Latin and Common): Zamiaceae, the Zamia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Leaves are spiny along rigid stem; provides a distinctive form.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Linear leaf is an excellent choice for larger designs. Use with tropical flowers in contemporary design styles.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Pat Diehl Scace, AIFD, AAF
COPYRIGHT 2001 Delmar Learning
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2001 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Title Annotation:Part 3: Picea-Zamia
Author:Scace, Pat Diehl
Publication:The Floral Artist's Guide, A Reference to Cut Flowers and Foliage
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2001
Words:6202
Previous Article:Botanical entries: foliages and dried materials.
Next Article:Flowers and fruits.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2019 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters