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Botanical entries: foliages and dried materials.

Genus Name (Latin): Abelmoschus

Pronunciation: (ab-el-MOS-kus)

Species Name (Latin): esculentus

Common Name: Okra, Lady's-Finger

Family Name (Latin and Common): Matvaceae, the Mallow family

Related Family Members in Book: Hibiscus, Lavasera

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color. tan with brown striations

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; Fruit of okra is 5,angled-cylindrical, beaked and bristly; is commercially available dried and picked on sticks.

Design Applications: (medium) (form) Finger-shaped form adds accent and texture to designs. Nice addition to autumnal centerpieces.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Abies

Pronunciation: (AY-beez)

Species Name (Latin): alba

Common Name: Silver Fir

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Larix, Picea, Pinus, Pseudossuga, and Tsuga

Availability: commercial product: October-January

Color: green (dark) with underside of needles being silver

Unique Characteristics: Needle is a distinctive silver on underside.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Short needled evergreen is an excellent filler. Beautiful in combination with other mixed conifers.

Longevity: weeks 3-4 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Abies

Pronunciation: (AY-beez)

Species Name (Latin): balsamea

Common Name: Balsam Fir

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Larix, Picea, Pinus, Pseudoisuga, and Tsuga

Availability: commercial product: October-January

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Needle is short.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Short branched tips provide good texture in combination with other conifers.

Longevity: weeks 3-4 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Abies

Pronunciation: (AY-beez)

Species Name (Latin): procera

Common Name: Noble Fir

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pinaceae, the Pine family

Related Family Members in Book: Larix, Picea, Pinus, Pseudoisuga, and Tsuga

Availability: commercial product: October-January

Color: green (bluish green)

Unique Characteristics: Needles are stiff and dense along rigid stems; also available preserved with glycerine.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Short needled evergreen provides sturdy basis for holiday centerpieces and decorations. Works beautifully in combination with other conifers.

Longevity: weeks 3-4 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Acacia

Pronunciation: (a-KAY-sha)

Species Name (Latin): cultriformis

Common Name: Knifeblade Acacia, Knife Acacia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fabaceae, the Pea or Pulse family

Related Family Members in Book: Cercis, Cytisus, Lathyrus, Lupinus, and Wisteria

Availability: commercial product: varies year-round

Color: gray-green

Unique Characteristics: Shape of leaf is knifelike; often contains clustered flower heads within long racemes at end of bracts.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Leafed stem is distinctive. Different portions of stem can be used in various ways, adding texture, accent, or line.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Acacia

Pronunciation: (a-KAY-sha)

Species Name (Latin): retinoides

Common Name: Acacia, Silver Wattle, Swamp Wattle, Wirilda

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fabaceae, the Pea or Pulse family

Related Family Members in Book: Cercis, Cytisus, Lathyrus, Lophomyrtus, and Wisteria

Availability: commercial product: varies October-January

Color: green (bluish-green)

Unique Characteristics: Leafis distinctly narrow and lance shaped; lemon yellow flower heads are bold and often present, but leaves typically dominate overall appearance.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Skinny leaf is an excellent choice for texture and filler. Makes a nice addition for monochromatic color schemes. Individual leaves are useful in body flower designs.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Acalypha

Pronunciation: (ak-a-LEE-fa; ak-a-LY-fa)

Species Name (Latin): wilkesiana cultivar

Common Name: Copperleaf, Jacob's Coat, Fire-Dragon, Beefsteak Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Euphorbiaceae, the Spurge family

Related Family Members in Book: Codiaeum, Euphorbia, and Sapium

Availability: indoor plant: commercially limited as a cut foliage

Color: yellow/green (shown)

Unique Characteristics: Colors are widely varied and mottled; plant is mostly known for its unique coloration and typically is grown as a tropical foliage plant; several cultivars available.

Design Applications: (large) (accent) Leaf with varied colors is an excellent accent to containerized plantings or temporary displays. A good specimen for adding mass.

Longevity: varies as a cut foliage

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Genus Name (Latin): Acer

Pronunciation: (AY-sur)

Species Name (Latin): palmatum cultivar

Common Name: Japanese Maple

Family Name (Latin and Common): Aceraceae, the Maple family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: commercial availability limited May-November as a cut foliage

Color: greens, reds, reddish-purple, and yellowish-orange

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is deeply 5-7 lobed with serrate margins; wonderful leaf to press; periodically appears commercially with colors varying by season and cultivar.

Design Applications: (medium) (texture) Unusual-shape leaf, provides excellent texture and accent. Makes a nice choice for Ikebana designs.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Actinidia

Pronunciation: (ak-ti-NID-ee-a)

Species Name (Latin): deliciosa

Common Name: Kiwi Fruit Vine

Family Name (Latin and Common): Actinidiaceae, the Actinidia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown (light)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; stem of fruit has gnarled appearance; Actinidia is cultivated as an ornamental vine for its edible fruit.

Design Applications: (large) (line) Wonderfully curving vine works well in contemporary perishable or dried container arrangements.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Adiantum

Pronunciation: (ad-i-AN-tum)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Maidenhair Fern, Maidenhair

Family Name (Latin and Common): Polypodiaceae, the Polypody family

Related Family Members in Book: Nephrolepsis, Platycerium, Polystichum, and Rumohra

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (light)

Unique Characteristics: Stem is typically black; holds fan-shaped pinnules; also available preserved with glycerine.

Design Applications: (small) (form) Delicate-looking fern is an excellent choice for feminine designs, and a good foliage for providing interest.

Longevity: days 3-5

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Genus Name (Latin): Aegopodium

Pronunciation: (ee-go-PO-dee-um)

Species Name (Latin): podograria 'Variegatum'

Common Name: Goutweed, Bishop's Weed, Ground Ash, Ground Elder

Family Name (Latin and Common): Apiaceae, the Parsley or Carrot family

Related Family Members in Book: Ammi, Anethum, Buplearum, Eryngium, and Trachymene

Availability: landscape plant: typically not available as a commercial cut foliage

Color: green (white margins)

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is available from a perennial used for edging and ground cover.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Variegated filler brightens focal zones as an addition to foliage bouquets.

Longevity: days 2-4

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Genus Name (Latin): Ajania

Pronunciation: (a-JAY-nee-a)

Species Name (Latin): pacificasyn. Chrysanthemum pacificum, Dendranthema pacificum

Common Name: Ajania

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centau rea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Leucanthemum, Lia Iris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: indoor plant: varies commercially

Color: green with white margins

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is unique and distinctive; In autumn, small yellow flowers appear in branched corymbs.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Unusual plant is an excellent choice for accent in temporary and permanent landscape displays. Makes a useful filler for cut-flower bouquets. Works especially well in designs of complete foliage.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Alpinia

Pronunciation: (al-PIN-ee-a)

Species Name (Latin): zerumbet 'Variegata'

Common Name: Variegated Ginger, Variegated Ginger Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Zingiberaceae, the Ginger family

ketated Family Members in Book: Costus, Curcuma, and Globba

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellow and dark green

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is banded or striped yellow; can be curled to create unusual design elements.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Bold leaf provides mass and interest. Good candidate to use with tropical flowers or exotics.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Anthurium

Pronunciation: (an-THEW-ree-um)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Anthurium

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Caladium, Monstera, Philodendron, and Zantedeschia

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Foliage of tropical plant has shiny, almost waxy appearance; displays a unique form.

Design Applications: (medium) (form) Sturdy leaf provides visual mass. Anthurium leaves work best with other exotic or tropical flowers.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Artemisia

Pronunciation: (ar-te-MIZ-ee-a; ar-te-MISH-ee-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Artemisia, Mugwort

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helianthus, Leucanthemurr Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: July-October

Color: gray

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; is suitable for pressing.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Leaf is uniquely gray. Makes an excellent filler for mixed flower bouquets, and is especially beautiful in combination with bright-colors. Good candidate for pressed floral creations.

Longevity: days 6-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Asparagus

Pronunciation: (a-SPAR-a-gus)

Species Name (Latin): asparaginoides

Common Name: String Smilax, Greenbriar

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Aspidistra, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is dark green with lanceolate leaves. Commercially available grown along a piece of string to produce a garland approximately 3-4 inches in diameter.

Design Applications: (medium) (line) Soft appearing garland is useful for bridal designs and decorations.

Longevity: days 7-10, if stored inside airtight plastic bag before use.

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Genus Name (Latin): Asparagus

Pronunciation: (a-SPAR-a-gus)

Species Name (Latin): densiflorus 'Myersii' syn. A. meyeri, A. Wyers'

Common Name: Foxtail Fern

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily Family

Related Family Members in Book: Aspidistra, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xeropyllum.

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Fronds are foxtail-like being stiffly erect, and very densely covered.

Design Applications: (small) (line) This foliage is nice for use as a line element or for adding texture. Use sparingly.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Asparagus

Pronunciation: (a-SPAR-a-gus)

Species Name (Latin): densiflorus 'Sprengeri'

Common Name: Sprengeri, Sprenger Asparagus

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Aspidistra, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Airy, often trailing stems; thorny; sometimes displays green berries; newer growth appears light green.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler) Linear stem of this cut foliage is available in long lengths, making it a popular choice for producing garlands for bridal and party events. Short lateral stems are useful in corsage and boutonniere designs. The plant is also used extensively in hanging baskets, window boxes, and urns, as a durable filler.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Asparagus

Pronunciation: (a-SPAR-a-gus)

Species Name (Latin): pyramidalis

Common Name: Tree Fern

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Aspidistra, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is airy, soft in appearance and touch; can give "hairy" look to designs if overused.

Design Applications: (small) (filler, texture) Feathery foliage adds a fine texture, and is commonly used in body flower designs.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Asparagus

Pronunciation: (a-SPAR-a-gus)

Species Name (Latin): setaceussyn. A. plumosus

Common Name: Plumosa Fern, Asparagus Fern

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Aspidistra, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (medium to dark)

Unique Characteristics: Foliage has airy, soft appearance; flat form can be pressed; sometimes can appear "hairy" in designs if overused.

Design Applications: (small) (filler, texture) Feathery foliage has graceful stems; delicate-looking fern adds delightful texture to arty style. Used extensively for bridal, corsage, and boutonniere work, and is a nice material for creating garlands. A good candidate for pressed flower designs.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Asparagus

Pronunciation: (a-SPAR-a-gus)

Species Name (Latrn): spp.

Common Name: Ming Fern

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Aspidistra, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (light to medium)

Unique Characteristics: Needlelike leaves are short and soft.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Short pieces can be used for corsage and boutonniere work. If overused, can become visually heavy or "fuzzy" in appearance.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Aspidistra

Pronunciation: (as-pi-DIS-tra)

Species Name (Latin): elatior

Common Name: Aspidistra, Cast-Iron Plant, Barroom Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round with supplies limited in winter months

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Extremely long lasting foliage has stiff stem and leaf; appearance is similar to Cordyline terminalis, can be altered to create an abstract shape.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Linear foliage always adds mass. Great in contemporary designs, especially in combination with tropical flowers.

Longevity: weeks 3-4 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Aspidistra

Pronunciation: (as-pi-DIS-tra)

Species Name (Latin): elatior 'Variegata'

Common Name: Aspidistra, Cast-Iron Plant, Barroom Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Gloriosa, Hemeorcallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round with limited supplies in winter months

Color: green with varied white striping

Unique Characteristics: Extremely long lasting foliage has stiff stem and leaf; appearance is similar to Cordyline term inalis, can be altered to create abstract shapes.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Linear foliage is great for use in contemporary designs, especially in combination with tropical flowers.

Longevity: weeks 3-4 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Atriplex

Pronunciation: (AT-ri-pleks)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Atriplex

Family Name (Latin and Common): Chenopodiaceae, the Goosefoot family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round, varied supply in late summer

Color: green (shown), burgundy red

Unique Characteristics: Color is wonderful; several available.

Design Applications: (large) (texture) Linear material is an excellent choice for adding texture and color. Useful as a filler and sometimes as a line element.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Aucuba

Pronunciation: (ah-KEW-ba)

Species Name (Latin): japonica 'Crotonifolia'

Common Name: Aucuba, Japanese Laurel

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cornaceae, the Dogwood family

Related Family Members in Book: Cornus

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green with yellow speckles

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody, holding varying sizes of glossy leaves.

Design Applications: (large) (accent) Leaf is an excellent choice for adding accent. Useful as a foundation or background foliage, always adding mass.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Avena

Pronunciation: (a-VEE-na)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Avena Grass

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Chasmanthium, E'leusine, Miscanthus, Pen nisetum, Phalaris, Phragmites, Phyllostachys, Setaria, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: tan

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; seed head is tiny.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) This multi-stemmed dried material is an excellent choice for adding texture and movement to permanent wall decor, centerpieces, or vase arrangements.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Betula

Pronunciation: (BET-yew-la)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Birch

Family Name (Latin and Common): Betulaceae, the Birch family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; stem has catkins.

Design Applications: (large) (line) Branch material is an excellent line element for perishable and nonperishable floral designs. Catkins add interest. Also used for framework or armatures.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Bracteantha

Pronunciation: (brak-tee-ANTH-a)

Species Name (Latin): bracteata cultivar syn. Helichrysum bracteatum

Common Name: Strawflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinops, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helianthus, Leucanthemum, Lia Iris, Rudbeckia, Se necio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: varies August-November

Color: orange, yellow, bronze, pink, white, and red

Unique Characteristics: flower has wonderful papery appearance, and strawlike texture; dried flower is commercially available on wire stems; periodically appears as a perishable product that can be air-dried; many cultivars available.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Round dried flower provides texture and mass.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Bums

Pronunciation: (BUK-sus)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Boxwood, Box

Family Name (Latin and Common): Buxaceae, the Box family

Related Family Members in Book: Pachysandra

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody with stiff leaves like oregonia; foliage is very durable.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Tiny leaf is a nice choice for providing textural interest to traditional and contemporary styles. Short lateral stems are excellent filler.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Buxus

Pronunciation: (BUK-sus)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Oregonia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Buxaceae, the Box family

Related Family Members in Book: Pachysandra

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green with white margins

Unique Characteristics: Stem and leaf are stiff; foliage is very durable.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Tiny variegated leaf is a nice choice for textural interest as a filler foliage. Lateral stems are useful in body flower designs, for example, boutonnieres and corsages.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Caladium

Pronuncation: (ka-LAY-dee-um)

Species Name (Latin): x Hortulanum cultivar

Common Name (Latin): Caladium, FancyLeaved Caladium, Angel Wings, Mother-in-Law Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Anthurium, Monstera, Philodendron, and Zontedeschia

Availability: landscape ptant: year-round

Color: red, rose, salmon, and white variations Unique Characteristics: Leaf can be flat, undulate, or ruffled; used often to lighten up shaded portions of temporary landscape displays; appears ovate to lanceolate in shape with many variations of color in cultivars.

Design Applications: (large) (form) Single leaf adds mass to cut flower designs. The plant also works well in containerized gardens or temporary landscapes.

Longevity: days 3-4, as a cut foliage

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Genus Name (Latin): Calathea

Pronunciation: (kal-a-THEE-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Calathea, Peacock Plant

Famity Name (Latin and Common): Marantaceae, the Maranta or Arrowroot family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is dark green, showing elliptic to oblong spots along the lateral veins.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass) Nice foliage has distinctive venation which always draws attention. Best uses are with tropical flowers in stylized arrangements, which highlight its unique characteristic.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Callicladium

Pronunciation: (kal-i-CLAY-dee-um)

Species Name (Latin): haldanianum

Common Name: Florist's Sheet Moss

Family Name (Latin and Common): Hypnoceae, the Feather Moss family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green shades

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; commonly used as sheet moss, is actually part of several genera. Listed here because of its extensive use, and does vary by species; photograph shows dried specimen, but these mosses are often available in a perishable form.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Material is a florists staple. Moss is useful to amateurs and professionals to hide mechanics of construction.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Callistemon

Pronunciation: (kal-i-STEE-mon)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Bottlebrush

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Eucalyptus, Leptospermum, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (light)

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is commercially sold but most often contains some red flowers, inflorescence of long, exserted stamens resembles a bottlebrush.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Long, linear stem is a nice product for use as a filler or accent. Makes a nice background foliage for smaller-scaled designs.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Calocedrus

Pronunciation: (cal-oh-SED-rus)

Species Name (Latin and Common): decurrens

Common Name: Incense Cedar

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cupressaceae, the Cypress family

Related Family Members in Book: Juniperus

Availability: commercial product: November-January

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Displays stems of fiat sprays with yellow accents.

Design Applications: (large) (line) Flat sprays, often with long lateral branches, are useful for adding line to oblong centerpieces. Different texture is a nice addition to designs of mixed conifers. Useful for any design style or application in holiday decorations.

Longevity: weeks 3-4 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Camellia

Pronunciation: (ka-MEEL-ee-a; ka-MEEL-ya)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Camellia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Theaceae, the Tea family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody with glossy leaf; durable.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Leaves on heavy stems add mass. A good background material. Smaller leaves are often used in body flower designs, for instance, corsages and boutonnieres.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Catalpa

Pronunciation: (ka-TAL-pa)

Species Name (Latin): bignonioides

Common Name: Southern Catalpa, Common Catalpa, Indian Bean

Family Name (Latin and Common): Bignoniaceae, the Bignonia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: Landscape plant: typically not available as a commercial dried material

Color: brown (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Seed pod is pendulous; typically 8-20 inches long.

Design Applications: (medium) (texture) Pod has knobby appearance and provides texture to dried wreaths.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Chamaecyparis

Pronunciation: (kam-e-SIP-a-ris)

Species Name (Latin): lawsoniana

Common Name: Port Orford Cedar, Lawson False Cypress

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cupressaceae, the Cypress family

ketated Family Members in Book: Juniperus

Availability: commerciat product: November-January Color: green (light)

Unique Characteristics: Stem has fiat sprays with scalelike overlapping leaves; also available preserved with glycerine.

Design Applications: (large) (filler) Flat filler is an excellent choice for adding length. Beautiful when used in combination with other conifers of varying texture and shades of color. Adapts well to arty kind of holiday decor.

Longevity: weeks 3-4 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Chamaecyparis

Pronunciation: (kam-e-SIP-a-ris)

Species Name (Latin): pisifera 'Filifera Aurea'

Common Name: Sawara Cypress

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cupressaceae, the Cypress family

Related Family Members in Book: Juniperus

Availability: landscape plant: not typically available as a commercial cut foliage.

Color: green (yellow)

Unique Characteristics: Has stem of flattened sprays; with scale-like leaves; golden yellow leaves are distinctive.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Golden-tipped conifer is most effective when used in small amounts among mixed conifers in holiday designs.

Longevity: weeks 1-3

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Genus Name (Latin): Chamaedorea

Pronunciation: (kam-a-DO-ree-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Florists' Emerald

Family Name (Latin and Common): Arecaceae, the Palm family

Related Family Members in Book: Cocos, Sabal

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Form is adaptable for braiding or cutting into geometric shapes; plant is the same genus as florists' jade, which is also heavily used in large arrangements. Design Applications: (large) (filler) Frond is very versatile, extensively used for framing and to cover mechanics; can also be used to add accent when cut or braided. Favored choice of the florist for use in traditional line mass designs of large size.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Chamaedorea

Pronunciation: (kam-a-DO-ree-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Florists' Jade

Family Name (Latin and Common): Arecaceae, the Palm family

Related Family Members in Book: Cocos, Sabal

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Form is adaptable to cutting into geometric shapes.

Design Applications: (large) (filler) Leaf is commonly used for framing and covering mechanics, and is a staple for the florist who produces large-scaled line mass designs. Useful for creating abstract-shaped leaves for contemporary styles.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Chasmanthium

Pronunciation: (chas-MAN-thee-um)

Species Name (Latin): latifolium

Common Name: River Oats, Inland Sea Oats

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena, Eleusine, Miscanthus, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phragmites, Phyllostachys, Setaria, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: landscape plant: limited availability as a cut foliage

Color: green (medium to light)

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; seed head is a unique light green color, changing to tan in autumn; periodically found in the retail market.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Seed head provides movement and can be used to add accent or as a filler. Makes a nice choice in combination with exotics and other grasses.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Chlorophytum

Pronunciation: (klo-row-FI-tum)

Species Name (Latin): comosum 'Vittatum' Common Name: Spider Plant, Spider Ivy, Ribbon Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Glorioso, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sondersonio, Scilla, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green with central white stripe

Unique Characteristics: Plant has plantlets that are spidery in appearance.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Plantlets provide movement and interest to handheld bouquets. Bold striping is a nice accent to mixed container gardens.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Cladina

Pronunciation: (kla-DY-na)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Florists' Reindeer Moss

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cladinaceae, the Reindeer Lichen family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: gray

Unique Characteristics: Dried material has a rounded form.

Design Applications: (small) (accent, texture) Material is good for adding basal interest to designs. Useful for covering mechanics and pillowing techniques.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Cocos

Pronunciation: (KO-kos)

Species Name (Latin): nucifera

Common Name: Coco Lashing

Family Name (Latin and Common): Arecaceae, the Palm family

Related Family Members in Book: Chamaedorea, Sabal

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: brown (light)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material comes from the edible coconut plant; is also available in other dyed colors.

Design Applications: (large) (line) This dried material is an excellent choice for an interesting line element. Use in contemporary permanent arrangements.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Codiaeum

Pronunciation: (co-dee-AY-um)

Species Name (Latin): variegatum cultivar

Common Name: Croton, Variegated Laurel

Family Name (Latin and Common): Euphorbiaceae, the Euphorbia family

Related Family Members in Book: Acalypho, Euphorbia, and Sapium

Availability: commerciat product: year-round

Color: red, yellow, green, orange, often spotted and blotched irregularly

Unique Characteristics: Colors are bold; not to be confused with the genus Croton, several cultivars available, some having twisted leaves.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (accent) Distinctive leaf demands attention. A good choice for tropical flower and foliage combinations. Best use is for contemporary styles.

Longevity: days 4-6

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Genus Name (Latin): Cordyline

Pronunciation: (kor-di-LY-nee)

Species Name (Latin): fruticosa cultivar syn. Dracaena terminalis

Common Name: Ti Tree, Good-Luck Tree, Tree of Kings

Family Name (Latin and Common): Agavaceae, the Agave family

Related Family Members in Book: Dracaena, Phormium, Polianthes, and Yucca

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Size is often 5 inches by 1 foot long; some cultivars are available with pinkish-red margins. flowers can be curled or cut into shapes.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Leaf is best suited for contemporary styles, especially combinations of tropicals.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Cotinus

Pronunciation: (KOT-i-nus; ko-TY-nus)

Species Name (Latin): coggygria 'Velvet Cloak'

Common Name: Common Smoketree, Common Smokebush

Family Name (Latin and Common): Anacardiaceae, the Cashew family

Related Family Members in Book: Rhus, Schinus

Availability: landscape plant: commercially limited as a cut foliage.

Color: purple

Unique Characteristics: Color is a handsome dark purple, turning rich reddish purple in fall; not regularly available as a commercial cut foliage, but periodically appears; occasionally available with wonderful smokelike plumes.

Design Applications: (large) (accent) Unique color and oval leaf form add mass and accent. Useful for Ikebana designs.

Longevity: days 3-5 or longer

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Genus Name (Latin): Crocosmia

Pronunciation: (kro-KOZ-mi-a)

Species Name (Latin): x crocosmiiflora

Common Name: Montbretia Pods

Family Name (Latin and Common): Iridaceae, the Iris family

Related Family Members in Book: Freesia, Gladiolus, Iris, Rio, and Watsonia

Availability: commercial product: August-November

Color: brown, green to orange

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; typically available as a perishable product; coloration varies.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Seed capsules along linear stem are good additions of texture to any style. Works well in autumnal designs-both contemporary and traditional, perishable and dried.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Cycas

Pronunciation: (SY-kus)

Species Name (Latin): revoluta

Common Name: Cycas Palm, Sago Palm

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cycadaceae, the Cycas or Cycad family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Frond is about 20 inches long with stiff needles, sharp tips, and is extremely durable.

Design Applications: (large) (accent, texture, mass) Dramatic leaf of incredible size is perfect for large tropical arrangements, for instance, lobby or buffet pieces.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Cyclamen

Pronunciation: (SIK-la-men; SY-kla-men)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Cyclamen

Family Name (Latin and Common): Primulaceae, the Primrose family

Related Family Members in Book: Lysimachia Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Form of leaf is heart shaped, often with gray-green marbling.

Design Applications: (medium) (form) Leaf works well in contemporary bridal bouquets. Smaller leaves are suitable for boutonnieres, corsages, and container arrangements.

Longevity: days 3-4, as a cut foliage

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Genus Name (Latin): Cynara

Pronunciation: (SIN-a-ra)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Artichoke, Chico Choke

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centau rea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Leucanthemum, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: tan

Unique Characteristics: Dried material has a distinctive form; often available on wire stems as shown in photo; also commercially available in painted colors.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Large, rounded form provides mass to dried bouquets.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Cyperus

Pronunciation: (sy-PEE-rus; si-PEE-rus)

Species Name (Latin): alternifolius

Common Name: Umbrella Palm, Umbrella Plant, Umbrella Sedge

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cyperaceae, the Sedge family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commerciat product: year-round

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Stem is leafless with terminal whorl of leaves; flower spikes are sometimes evident; also available preserved with glycerine.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Green "umbrella' is interesting. Good choice for use with other exotic and tropical flowers. Best suited for contemporary designs to show off distinct form.

Longevity: weeks 1-3

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Genus Name (Latin): Cyperus

Pronunciation: (sy-PEE-rus; si-PEE-rus)

Species Name (Latin): papyrus

Common Name: Lion's Head Papyrus, Bulrush, Paper Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cyperaceae, the Sedge family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (medium)

Unique Characteristics: Stem is leafless; displays shorter tufts and thinner rays than C. alternifolius, ancient Egyptians flattened and dried the stems to make a form of paper.

Design Applications: (large) (accent). Very unusual form adds drama. Best used in high-style designs in combination with exotic or tropical flowers.

Longevity: weeks 1-3

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Genus Name (Latin): Cyrtomium

Pronunciation: (sur-TO-mee-um)

Species Name (Latin): falcatum

Common Name: Holly Fern

Family Name (Latin and Common): Polypodiaceae, the Polypody family

Related Family Members in Book: Adiantum, Nephrolepsis, Platyactium, Polystichum, and Platycerium

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is glossy, sometimes with margins coarsely fringed or deeply serrated.

Design Applications: (large) (accent) Glossy leaf is useful as an accent. Nice addition to high-style designs.

Longevity: days 6-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Cytisus

Pronunciation: (SIT-is-us)

Species Name (Latin): scoparius

Common Name: Scotch Broom, Broom

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fabaceae, the Pea or Pulse family

Related Family Members in Book: Acacia, Cercis, Lathyrus, Lupinus, and Wisteria

Availability: commercial product: August-April

Color: green (dark)

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody with many slender branchlets; very durable; photo shows flowering stage.

Design Applications: (large) (line) Large stem creates strong lines good for framework. Slender branchlets are suitable for line material in small arrangements. Can be curved or bent to produce visual tension. Suitable for adding height or length to contemporary and traditional designs.

Longevity: weeks 3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Dracaena

Pronunciation: (dra-SEE-na)

Species Name (Latin): fragrans 'Warneckei'

Common Name: Striped Dracaena

Family Name (Latin and Common): Agovaceae, the Agave family

Related Family Members in Book: Cordyline, Phormium, Polianthes, and Yucca

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green with white stripes

Unique Characteristics: Slender variegated leaf; several Dracaena species are available as potted houseplants and cut foliage.

Design Applications: (small) (line) Unique leaf provides interesting line. Useful in tropical arrangements and contemporary bridal or attendants' bouquets.

Longevity: weeks 2-4

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Genus Name (Latin): Eleusine

Pronunciation: (el-you-SY-nee)

Species Name (Latin): coreana Common Name: Finger Millet, African Millet

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena, Chasmanthium, Miscanthus, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phragmites, Phyllostachys, Setaria, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (basil), tan (natural)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; seed spikes have the appearance of a finger.

Design Applications: (medium) (texture) Spike produces an excellent linear texture. Works well in bundling techniques. Nice when grouped with other dried materials of mixed forms.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Eleusine

Pronunciation: (el-you-SY-nee)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Tapestry Millet

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Avena, Chasmanthium, Miscanthus, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phragmites, Phyllostachys, Setaria, Sorghum, and Triticum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green (basil), tan (natural)

Unique Characteristics: Dried material; wonderful spike-like seed head.

Design Applications: (medium) (texture) Seed head produces an excellent linear texture. Beautiful when used with other dried flowers and grasses in home decor. A nice addition to autumnal cut-flower centerpieces.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Equisetum

Pronunciation: (ek-wi-SEE-tum)

Species Name (Latin): hyemale

Common Name: Horsetail, Snake Grass, Scouring Rush

Family Name (Latin and Common): Equisetaceae, the Horsetail family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Stem is furrowed with varying sized rough ridges; conelike spikes at top contain spores; leafless, aquatic plant is found in lowlands, including pool margins; has hollow stem.

Design Applications: (small) (line) Versatile material is well suited for contemporary designs. Fantastic choice for creating strong angled lines in geometric or abstract arrangements.

Longevity: weeks 1-3

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Genus Name (Latin): Eucalyptus

Pronunciation: (yew-ka-LIP-tus)

Species Name (Latin): coccifera Common Name: Flowering Euc, Mount Wellington Peppermint, Tasmanian Snow Gum Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Chamelaucium, Leptospermum, Lophomyrtus, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: varies year-round

Color: gray-green

Unique Characteristics: Seed is distinctive; adult leaves are peppermint scented. flowers shown are not typically present-leaf form visible is indicative of what is sold commercially; flowers do not last as long as foliage.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Elliptic leaves with unusual flowers add accent. Works well with other exotics. Highlight the flower when present.

Longevity: weeks 1-2, for leaves

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Genus Name (Latin): Eucalyptus

Pronunciation: (yew-ka-LIP-tus)

Species Name (Latin): gunnii

Common Name: Cider Gum, Silver Spoon Eucalyptus

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Chamelaucium, Leptospermum, Lophomyrtus, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: gray-brown

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is pungent; air-dries well, becoming brittle.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) A useful filler for adding unusual color and texture.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Eucalyptus

Pronunciation: (yew-ka-LIP-tus)

Species Name (Latin): nicholii

Common Name: Willow Eucalyptus, Nichol's Willow-Leaved Peppermint, Narrow-Leaved Black Peppermint

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Chamelaucium, Leptospermum, Lophomyrtes, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: gray-green

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is pungent; narrow-lanceolate leaf shape; will air-dry, becoming brittle; many Eucalyptus available, often containing berries.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Distinctive filler provides great texture for any style.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Eucalyptus

Pronunciation: (yew-ka-LIP-tus)

Species Name (Latin): nicholii

Common Name: Willow Eucalyptus, Nichol's Willow-Leaved Peppermint, Narrow-Leaved Black Peppermint

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Chamelaucium, Leptospermum, Lophomyrtes, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red (shown), green, blue, and brown Unique Characteristics: Dried material; photo shows example of preserved and dyed material that is commercially available.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Leaf material is used extensively in permanent home decor because of its fragrance and unique form. Provides a great texture for any style of arrangement.

Longevity: long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Eucalyptus

Pronunciation: (yew-ka-LIP-tus)

Species Name (Latin): polyanthemos

Common Name: Silver-Dollar Eucalyptus, Silver-Dollar Gum, Silver-Dollar Tree

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Chamelaucium, Leptospermum, Lophomyrtus, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: gray-green

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is pungent; leaves are orbicular to broadly lanceolate, giving silver-dollar appearance; will air dry, becoming brittle.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Adds textural interest with leaf form and berries. Makes a nice choice for mixed bouquets as a filler, or to produce emphasis in focal zones by adding texture.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Eucalyptus

Pronunciation: (yew-ka-LIP-tus)

Species Name (Latin): pulverulenta

Common Name: Eucalyptus

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Chamelaucium, Leptospermum, Lophomyrtus, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: gray, silvery-blue

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is strong; commercially available dyed and treated with glycerine for pliability; popular in permanent botanical designs; preserved Eucalyptus is available in several colors.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler) Stem length and form give this filler versatility, making it adaptable to large or small designs. Unique form adds interest when used for line, filler, or texture.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Article Details
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Title Annotation:Part 1: Abelmoschus-Eucalyptus
Author:Scace, Pat Diehl
Publication:The Floral Artist's Guide, A Reference to Cut Flowers and Foliage
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2001
Words:6161
Previous Article:Botanical entries: flowers and fruits.
Next Article:Botanical entries: foliages and dried materials.
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