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Botanical entries: flowers and fruits.

Genus Name (Latin): Helleborus

Pronunciation: (he-LEB-oh-rus)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Christmas Rose, Lenten Rose, Hellebore

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ranunculoceae, the Crowfoot or Buttercup family

Related Family Members in Book: Anemone, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Nigella, and Ranunculas

Availability: commercial product: varies year-round

Color: green, pink, purple, and white

Unique Characteristics: Plant is toxic; all parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested; some people may experience skin irritation if in contact with sap; several hybrids and cultivars available commercially.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) This flower is a nice choice for adding interest and mass.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Hemerocallis

Pronunciation: (hem-er-oh-KAL-is)

Species Name (Latin): many hybrids and cultivars

Common Name: Daylily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: landscape plant; not commercially available as a cut flower

Color: yellow, red, orange, pink, red, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: flower forms are many, with cultivars including triangular, circular, double, star-shaped, and spider-shaped flowers, some with ruffled margins. Blooming period of plant varies by cultivar.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Daylilies provide interest color and accent to temporary or permanent displays.

Longevity: days 1-2 per flower on stem

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Genus Name (Latin): Heuchera

Pronunciation: (HOO-ker-a)

Species Name (Latin): sanguinea cultivar

Common Name: Coralbells

Family Name (Latin and Common): Saxifragaceae, the Saxifrage family

Related Family Members in Book: Astilbe

Availability: commercial product: varies April-May

Color: pink, coral, white, and scarlet red (shown)

Unique Characteristics: Flowers are pendulous, looking like tiny bells along the stem.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Delicate florets along linear stem combine well with other "dainty" flowers.

Longevity: days 3-5

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Genus Name (Latin): Hibiscus

Pronunciation: (high-BIS-cus)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Hibiscus, Mallow, Rose Mallow

Family Name (Latin and Common): Malvaceae, the Mallow family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavatera

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: yellow, red, pink, white, blue, purple, orange and salmon (shown)

Unique Characteristics: Flower is funnel shaped; several species and cultivars are available.

Design Applications: (large) (accent) Blooming plant adds accent when used with other foliage plants for bridal or party events. Excellent choice for tropical themes.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Hippeastrum

Pronunciation: (hip-ee-AS-trum)

Species Name (Latin): hybrid

Common Name: Amaryllis, Barbados Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllis family

Related Family Members in Book: Allium, Agapanthus, Narcissus, Nerine, and Triteleia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red, orange, pink, apricot, salmon, white and bicolors (shown)

Unique Characteristics: Stem is hollow and leafless with four to six trumpet-shaped florets in an umbellate pattern; florets continue to open; some cultivars have faint stripes or colors in petal margin; photo depicts large-flowered cultivar.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Showy mass of florets provides drama. Good choice for vegetative or parallel systems of design.

Longevity: varies, depending on maturity stage of buds

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Genus Name (Latin): Humulus

Pronunciation: (HEW-mew-lus)

Species Name (Latin): lupulus

Common Name: Hops

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cannabidaceae, the Hemp family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: varies July-August

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: flower is conelike; available as perishable or preserved and stem-dyed vines.

Design Applications: (texture) Leaf and unique fruit are interesting materials for decorating. Unusual habit works well for arbors, trellises, or garland.

Longevity: days 2-4 as a cut foliage

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Genus Name (Latin): Hyacinthus

Pronunciation: (high-a-SIN-thus)

Species Name (Latin): orientalis cultivar

Common Name: Hyacinth, Dutch Hyacinth, Common Hyacinth, Garden Hyacinth

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosca, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithagolum, Ruscus, Smilax, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: November-April

Color: purple (shown), white, blue, red, pink, yellow, and apricot

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is strong, especially in warmer temperatures

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Compact stem of bell-shaped florets adds mass. Works particularly well in combination with other spring flowers in vegetative or parallel designs. Individual florets can be used for bridal, boutonniere, or corsage work.

Longevity: days 4-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Hydrangea

Pronunciation: (hy-DRAN-jee-a)

Species Name (Latin): macrophylla cultivar

Common Name: Hydrangea, Bigleaf Hydrangea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Hydrangeaceae, the Hydrangea family

Related Family Members in Book: none Availability: commercial product: July-October

Color: blue, pink, and white

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; color is distinctive with varying shades of blue and pink; displays compound dusters of tiny starlike florets. Several cultivars are available; also available as a potted plant.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Rounded form provides beautiful mass; works well in garden-style arrangements.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Hydrangea

Pronunciation: (hy-DRAN-jee-a)

Species Name (Latin): quercifolia

Common Name: Oakleaf Hydrangea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Hydrangeaceae, the Hydrangea family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: varies commercially as a cut flower

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Pyramidal-shaped flower head adds mass.

Longevity: days 4-7 as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Hydrangea

Pronunciation: (hy-DRAN-jee-a)

Species Name (Latin): paniculata "Tardiva'

Common Name: Hydrangea Tardiva

Family Name (Latin and Common): Hydrangeaceae, the Hydrangea family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: varies commercially as a cut flower

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) A beautiful choice for adding mass; nice textural addition to monochromatic designs.

Longevity: days 4-7 as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Hypericum

Pronunciation: (hy-PAIR-i-cum)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: St. John's Wort

Family Name (Latin and Common): Clusiaceae, the Garcinia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: varies year-round

Color: green, bronze

Unique Characteristics: Form of capsules is conical; several cultivars with varying shades of green and bronze are available.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) This filler is nice for autumnal designs, and is a good choice for providing texture.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Iberis

Pronunciation: (eye-BEE-ris)

Species Name (Latin): umbellata Fairy Series

Common Name: Candytuft, Rocket Candytuft

Family Name (Latin and Common): Brassicaceae, the Mustard family

Related Family Members in Book: Brassica, Matthiola

Availability: commercial product: March-August

Color: white (shown), purple, pink, and red Unique Characteristics: Flower is fragrant sometimes.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Clustered florets work well with summer annuals and mixed bouquets.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Ilex

Pronunciation: (EYE-leks)

Species Name (Latin): verticillata cultivar

Common Name: Winterberry, Common Winterberry

Family Name (Latin and Common): Aquifoliaceae, the Holly family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: November-December

Color: red

Unique Characteristics: Fruited (berried) stem is harvested when leaves have dropped from stem; photograph shows foliage intact.

Design Applications: (medium) (line) Medium to large stems of beautiful berries are an excellent choice for adding color. This is a fantastic berry to use in exterior winter plantings and containers as they look dramatic when surrounded by snow. Combines well with conifers in decorations and container arrangements for holiday events.

Longevity: days 7-10 or longer in floral foam; weeks if placed outdoors in cool temperatures

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Genus Name (Latin): Impatiens

Pronunciation: (im-PAY-shi-enz)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: New Guinea Impatiens

Family Name (Latin and Common): Balsaminaceae, the Balsam or Touch-Me-Not family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: varies

Color: red, orange, pink, purple, and white Unique Characteristics: Plant is known for its showy foliage; annual flower available in many shades.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Works well when massed in landscape beds or used for containerized gardens.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Impatiens

Pronunciation: (im-PAY-shi-enz)

Species Name (Latin): wallerana cultivar

Common Name: Impatiens, Busy Lizzy

Family Name (Latin and Common): Balsaminaceae, the Balsam or Touch-Me-Not family

Related Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: varies

Color: white (shown), pink, orange, red, violet, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Cultivars are many for this shade-loving annual.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) This favored bedding plant works nicely in containerized gardens as well.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Impatiens

Pronunciation: (im-PAY-shi-enz)

Species Name (Latin): wallerana Rosette Series cultivar

Common Name: Rose Impatiens

Family Name (Latin and Common): Balsaminaceae, the Balsam or Touch-Me-Not family

Related Family Members in Book: Impatiens

Availability: landscape plant: varies

Color: pink (shown), orange, lavender, white, and red-white bicolor

Unique Characteristics: This shade-loving annual flower has the appearance of a rose.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Flower offers unique form.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Iris

Pronunciation: (EYE-ris)

Species Name (Latin): many hybrids and cultivars

Common Name: Iris, Dutch Iris, flag

Family Name (Latin and Common): Iridaceae, the Iris family

Related Family Members in Book: Crocosmia, Freesia, Gladiolus, Ixia, and Watsonia

Availability: commercial product: year-round with peak supplies March-May

Color: blue, yellow, purple, and white

Unique Characteristics: Form shown is the florists variety; will show ethylene sensitivity. Purchase in bud form, tips showing color for best longevity; avoid water loss.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Flower has unique form and is useful in any design style, particularly oriental. Virtually leafless stem can provide strong line.

Longevity: days 2-6

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Genus Name (Latin): Iris

Pronunciation: (EYE-ris)

Species Name (Latin): many hybrids and cultivars

Common Name: Bearded Iris, Flag, Fleur-de-lis

Family Name (Latin and Common): Iridaceae, the Iris family

Related Family Members in Book: Crocosmia, Freesia, Gladiolus, Ixia, and Watsonia

Availability: landscape plant: typically not commercially available as a cut flower

Color: blue, lavender, yellow, white, peach, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Form shown is the garden variety; pattern of hairs on the basal half of the falls give this Iris a "bearded" appearance; many cultivars exist with varying color combinations in petals, veination, and leaves. flower is often fragrant.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Flowers continue to open along leafless stem of buds; can be used to add mass to mixed summer garden bouquets.

Longevity: days 2-3 for each floret

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Genus Name (Latin): Itea

Pronunciation: (IT-ee-a)

Species Name (Latin): virginica 'Henry's Garnet'

Common Name: Virginia Sweetspire

Family Name (Latin and Common): Grossulariaceae, the Currant family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: typically not available as a cut flower

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Flower is pendulous. Design Applications: (small) (accent) Small flower with unique pendulous habit is attractive on its own, or to use as accent.

Longevity: days 2-3

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Genus Name (Latin): Ixia

Pronunciation: (IK-see-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Ixia, Corn Lily, African Corn Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Iridaceae, the Iris family

Related Family Members in Book: Crocosmia, Freesia, Gladiolus, Iris, and Watsonia

Availability: commercial product: March-August

Color: pink (shown), orange, yellow, red, and cream

Unique Characteristics: Stem is wiry; florets have varying colored centers.

Design Applications: (small) (line flower) Oblong buds along wiry flower stem add interest and movement. Thin stem allows for use in bud vases with extremely small openings. Nice choice for hand-held bouquets.

Longevity: days 5-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Kalanchoe

Pronunciation: (kal-an-KO-ee)

Species Name (Latin): blossfeldiana cultivar

Common Name: Kalanchoe

Family Name (Latin and Common): Crassulaceae, the Orpine family

Related Family Members in Book: Sedum

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: red, yellow, orange (shown), pink salmon, and white

Unique Characteristics: Leaves have a succulent appearance; colors are beautifully bold. Plant is grown as a greenhouse crop; numerous cultivars; should be purchased with slight color showing on buds.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) (accent) Florets of intense color add a unique texture to wedding, corsage, and boutonniere designs. Potted plant works well in containerized gardens.

Longevity: days 3-4 as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Kniphofia

Pronunciation: (nip-HO-fee-a; nee-FO-fee-a)

Species Name (Latin): uvaria hybrid

Common Name: Red-Hot-Poker, Tritoma, Torch Lily, Poker Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family.

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Muscari, Ornithagolum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Smilax, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: June-October

Color: red, yellow, and orange combinations Unique Characteristics: Stem of flower is leafless; compact florets give torchlike appearance.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Unique form can add mass and height, and is best suited for contemporary design styles. Allow space to highlight the flower's distinct form and color combination.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Kolkwitzia

Pronunciation: (kol-KWIT-zi-a; kolk-WIT-zi-a)

Species Name (Latin): amabilis

Common Name: Beautybush

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caprifoliaceae, the Honeysuckle family

Related Family Members in Book: Lonicera, Symphoricarpus, Viburnum, and Weigela

Availability: landscape plant: commercial availability limited as a cut flower

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Old-fashioned landscape shrub has recent popularity as a cut flower.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Woody stem of small flowers produces a linear filler.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Lantana

Pronunciation: (lan-TAY-na; lan-TAW-na)

Species Name (Latin): camara cultivar

Common Name: Lantana, Shrub Verbena

Family Name (Latin and Common): Verbeniaceae, the Vervain or Verbena family

Related Family Members in Book: Callicarpa, Verbena

Availability: landscape plant: varies commercially

Color: orange, pink yellow, cream, and red combinations

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is strong; typically sold as an annual; several cultivars available.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Colorful florets are tightly grouped, adding accent. Good choice for containerized plant combinations.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Lathyrus

Pronunciation: (LATH-i-rus)

Species Name (Latin): odoratus cultivar

Common Name: Sweet Pea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fabaceae, the Pea or Pulse family

Related Family Members in Book: Acacia, Cercis, Cytisus, Lupinus, and Wisteria

Availability: commercial product: February-September

Color: pink blue, lavender, red, white, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is very sweet. Garden cut flower has been a favorite for generations; many cultivars exist.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Delicate-looking flower is delightful by itself; nice choice for romantic or feminine design styles.

Longevity: days 3-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Lavatera

Pronunciation: (la-va-TEE-ra)

Species Name (Latin): trimestris cultivar

Common Name: Tree Mallow

Family Name (Latin and Common): Matvaceae, the Mallow family

Related Family Members in Book: Hibiscus

Availability: commercial product: June-October

Color: red, pink, lavender, and white

Unique Characteristics: flowers appear like miniature Hibiscus, several cultivars available with varying shades.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Large leafed stem holds flowers and creates a visually heavy line material. Suited for traditional line-mass designs.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Lavandula

Pronunciation: (la-VAN-dew-la)

Species Name (Latin): angustifolia cultivar

Common Name: Lavender

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Leonotis, Mentha, Molucella, Monarda, Perovskia, Physostegia, Rosmarinus, Salvia, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: commercial product: April-August

Color: lavender, purple

Unique Characteristics: Flower fragrant; air-dries well. Oil of lavender is used in perfumery.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Small, linear flower is wonderful in combination with mixed herb, also works well in parallel or vegetative systems of design.

Longevity: days 3-5

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Genus Name (Latin): Leonotis

Pronunciation: (lee-o-NO-tis)

Species Name (Latin): leonurus

Common Name: Lion's-Ear

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Mentha, Molucella, Monarda, Perovskia, Physostegia, Rosmarinus, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: commercial product: September-October

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: Flower has whorls of tubular, two-tipped fuzzy florets; stem is square; shows ethylene sensitivity; commercial availability, approximately 6 weeks as a cut flower; plant is a nice choice for large containers in seasonal displays.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Linear filler plays well against deep purple Callicarpa and other bold autumnal colored flowers.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Leptospermum

Pronunciation: (lep-to-SPUR-mum)

Species Name (Latin): scoparium cultivar

Common Name: Leptospermum, Lepto

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Chamelaucium, Eucalyptus, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: January-April

Color: pink crimson (shown), and white

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody; has distinctively coarse texture; air-dries well but tends to shatter easily.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Nice linear filler provides coarse texture. Full stem and longer laterals can be used as line material.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Leucanthemum

Pronunciation: (loo-KAN-thee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): x superbum syn. Chrysanthemum maximum

Common Name: Shasta Daisy

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Echinops, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helionthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidoster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: varies June-September

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Foliage has toothed, lance-shaped leaves.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Round flower provides mass to traditional and contemporary designs. Works well with other summer bloomers in mixed bouquets.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Leucanthemum

Pronunciation: (loo-KAN-thee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): vulgare syn. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum

Common Name: Marguerite Daisy

Family Name (Latin and Common): Achillea, Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: April-June

Color: white, yellow (shown)

Unique Characteristics: Stem is wiry.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Cheery flower is darling when bunched in mass. Nice addition to any garden style.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Leucadendron

Pronunciation: (loo-ka-DEN-dron)

Species Name (Latin): 'Silvan Red'

Common Name: Silvan Red Leucadendron

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucospermum, Protea, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: varies by season

Color: red (burgundy)

Unique Characteristics: Form has exotic appearance.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Linear has exotic appearance. Foliage and flower are useful for adding texture and interest.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Leucadendron

Pronunciation: (loo-ka-DEN-drop)

Species Name (Latin): 'Safari Sunset'

Common Name: Safari Sunset Leucadendron

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucospermum, Protea, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: varies by season

Color: red

Unique Characteristics: Form has exotic appearance.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Material with tong laterals makes this a wonderful selection for tine elements in exotic and contemporary arrangements; can also provide mass.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Leucospermum

Pronunciation: (loo-ko-SPUR-mum)

Species Name (Latin): cordifolium

Common Name: Pincushion, Protea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucadendron, Protea, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: flower has unique "pin cushion" appearance; flower spines (styles) can be orange, crimson, or yellow depending on species.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Mass flower provides accent; great candidate for contemporary or exotic designs.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Liatris

Pronunciation: (ly-AY-tris)

Species Name (Latin): spicata

Common Name: Liatris, Gay-Feather, Blazing-Star

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Helianthus, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: purple

Unique Characteristics: Stem of flowers open from the top first, then down.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Line flower is extremely versatile, working especially well in parallel systems of design.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Lilium

Pronunciation: (LIL-i-um)

Species Name (Latin): Asiatic hybrid (shown)

Common Name: Asiatic Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellow (shown), orange, white, cream, peach, pink, and mauve

Unique Characteristics: Displays a star-shaped form; and petals are often speckled.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Stir-shaped flower is a staple for the florist. This flower is known for its versatility in design use, colors, and longevity.

Longevity: days 3-4 per bloom

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Genus Name (Latin): Lilium

Pronunciation: (LIL-i-um)

Species Name (Latin): longiflorum

Common Name: Easter Lily, Trumpet Lily Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is strong; Rower is trumpet shaped.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Flower is beautiful in monochromatic white combinations for religious, sympathy, or bridal events.

Longevity: days 4-5 per bloom

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Genus Name (Latin): Lillium

Pronunciation: (LIL-i-um)

Species Name (Latin): 'Star Gazer'

Common Name: Star Gazer Lily, Oriental Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: flower is fragrant; buds continue to open.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Form, size, and fragrance of oriental lilies provide instant accent. They are easily adaptable to any design style from container arrangements to bridal bouquets.

Longevity: days 3-4 per bloom

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Genus Name (Latin): Limonium

Pronunciation: (ly-MOW-nee-um)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Sea Lavender

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pumbaginaceae, the Plumbago or Leadwort family

Related Family Members in Book: none Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: lavender

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well with paperlike florets; displays a more open flower head than L. sinuatum.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Form of this filler is useful for adding visual weight. It is also a good candidate for line mass arrangements and the pillowing technique.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Limonium

Pronunciation: (ly-MOW-nee-um)

Species Name (Latin): sinuatum cultivar

Common Name: Statice

Family Name (Latin and Common): Pumbaginaceae, the Plumbago or Leadwort family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: lavender, purple (shown), blue, yellow, and white

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well with a papery texture; durable and versatile.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) This filler is an excellent choice for adding texture to arty style of perishable or dried flower designs.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Limonium

Pronunciation: (ly-MOW-nee-um)

Species Name (Latin): Misty Series cultivar

Common Name: Limonium, Misty Blue Limonium

Family Name (Latin and Common): Plumbaginaceae, the Plumbago or Leadwort family

Related Family Members in Book: Limonium

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: lavender (shown), others

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; appears more open than other Limoniums.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Airy filler looks beautiful in bouquets of a monochromatic color scheme.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Limonium

Pronunciation: (ly-MOW-ni-um)

Species Name (Latin): 'Super Lady'

Common Name: Limonium, Super Lady Limonium

Family Name (Latin and Common): Plumbaginaceae, the Plumbago or Leadwort family

Related Family Members in Book: Limonium

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; florets are paperlike

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Filler flower works nicely in feminine designs, and useful for line-mass arrangements; good choice for texture in dried wreaths.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Lobelia

Pronunciation: (lo-BEE-Ii-a)

Species Name (Latin): erinus cultivar

Common Name: Lobelia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lobeliaceae, the Lobelia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape product: varies commercially Color: blue, white, purple (shown), and pink-violet

Unique Characteristics: Color is intense; commercially available as an annual; several cultivars sold.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) As a landscape plant this flower provides intense color, looking great in container gardens, especially in combination with complementary colors.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Lupinus

Pronunciation: (loo-PIE-nus)

Species Name (Latin): many hybrids and cultivars

Common Name: Lupine

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fabaceae, the Pea or Pulse family

Related Family Members in Book: Acacia, Cercis, Cytisus, Lathyrus, and Wisteria

Availability: commercial product: July-September

Color: purple, yellow, mauve, white, carmine, blue

Unique Characteristics: Flowers resemble pea blossoms but on densely packed racemes; several cultivars in various colors are available commercially.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Large line material works well with other spring flowers; good choice for line-mass and garden style designs.

Longevity: days 5-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Lysimachia

Pronunciation: (lie-si-MAY-kie-a; lis-i-MACK-i-a)

Species Name (Latin): clethroides

Common Name: Gooseneck Loosestrife, Lysimachia, Garden Lysimachia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Primulaceae, the Primula family

Related Family Members in Book: Cyclamen

Availability: commercial product: July-September

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: flower has "gooseneck" appearance.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Flower works well in combination with other summer bloomers, always adding interest by its unique form.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Magnolia

Pronunciation: (mag-NO-li-a)

Species Name (Latin): x soulangiana

Common Name: Southern Magnolia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Magnoliaceae, the Magnolia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: limited March-April

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive with outside of petals flushed pinkish-purple, inside white; flowers appear before the leaves.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Flowers add visual weight. Useful for garden style bouquets.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Magnolia

Pronunciation: (mag-NO-Ii-a)

Species Name (Latin): stellata

Common Name: Star Magnolia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Magnoliaceae, the Magnolia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: limited availability as a cut flower.

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant, star-shaped florets with 12 to 18 narrowly oblong petals; flowers appear before the leaves on stem; large shrub blooms in early spring.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Flower adds accent and mass.

Longevity: days 3-5 per bud

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Genus Name (Latin): Malus

Pronunciation: (MAY-lus)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Flowering Crabapple

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Prunus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, Rosa, and Spiraea

Availability: commercial product: varies March-May

Color: white, pink, and red

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody with single or double florets; several species and cultivars are available in varying shades of color.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) As in most spring flowering branches, the crabapple provides versatility in line uses. Often a favorite to use in Ikebana designs.

Longevity: days 7-10 or more, depending on bud stage

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Genus Name (Latin): Malus

Pronunciation: (MAY-lus)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Flowering Crabapple

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Prunus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, Rosa, and Spiraea

Availability: commercial product: varies July-September

Color: green shades

Unique Characteristics: Fruit is clustered and shiny.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Wonderful berry provides unique texture.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Matthiola

Pronunciation: (ma-THY-o-la)

Species Name (Latin): incana cultivar

Common Name: Stock, Gillyflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Brassicaceae, the Mustard family.

Related Family Members in Book: Alysum, Brassica, and Iberis

Availability: commercial product: January-October

Color: white, yellowish-cream, lavender (shown), purple, burgundy-wine

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; sometimes available with roots that are similar to turnip in appearance and scent; many varied colors are available.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) This line flower is a staple for the florist. Can also be useful to add mass to varied design styles.

Longevity: days 4-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Mentha

Pronunciation: (MEN-tha)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Mint

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leonotis, Melissa, Molucello, Monordo, Ocimum, Perovskia, Physostegio, Rosmorinus, Salvia, Solenostemon, Stachys and Thymus

Availability: commercial product: varies

Color: varies by cultivar

Unique Characteristics: fragrant

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Flower and foliage are useful in herbal bouquets.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): virginica

Pronunciation: (mur-TEN-si-a)

Species Name (Latin): virginica

Common Name: Bluebells, Virginia Bluebells, Cowslip, Virginia Cowslip

Family Name (Latin and Common): Boraginaceae, the Borage family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: commercially limited as a cut flower

Color: blue and lavender shades

Unique Characteristics: Color is wonderful; flowers are in nodding clusters; prefers clear water to floral foam.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Unusual nodding clusters are beautiful alone

Longevity: days 3-4 as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Molucella

Pronunciation: (mo-lyou-SEL-a)

Species Name (Latin): laevis

Common Name: Bells-of-Ireland, Molucca Balm, Bellflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family.

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leonotis, Mentha, Monarda, Ocimum, Perovskia, Physostegia, Rosmarinus, Salvia, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: commercial product: year-round with peak supplies June-October

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Color is curious green; has shell-like calyces (floral envelopes); flowers are actually tiny, white, and fragrant.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Fantastic green color is an essential for St. Patricks Day events. Excellent choice for line material in solid foliage bouquets. Useful for all design styles.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Monarda

Pronunciation: (mo-NAR-da)

Species Name (Latin): sp. Common Name: Bee Balm, Oswego Tea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leo noiis, Mentho, Molucello, Ocimum, Perovskia, Physostegio, Rosmarinus, Salvia, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: commercial product: varies July-October

Color: rose-red, bright crimson, pink salmon, white, and violet

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; flower head is whorled.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Flower head is unique and provides interest or mass to various style designs.

Longevity: days 3-5

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Genus Name (Latin): Muscari

Pronunciation: (mus-KAY-rye)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Grape Hyacinth

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Glorioso, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Lilium, Liriope, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: January-April

Color: purple-lavender

Unique Characteristics: Flowers are tiny in a dense, short 12 to 20 flowered raceme.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Rower is best clustered into groups, whether used as a solid mass in a parallel or vegetative design or bundled into a gathering of short glass vases.

Longevity: days 4-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Narcissus

Pronunciation: (nar-SIS-us)

Species Name (Latin): tazetta 'Paper White'

Common Name: Paper White Narcissus, Paper Whites

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllis family

Related Family Members in Book: Agapanthus, Allium, Amaryllis, Hippeastrum, Nerine, and Triteleia

Availability: commercial product: November-March

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; often forced into bloom as a potted bulb crop through winter; prefers cooler temperatures to keep stem length shorter.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Clustered flower head is most often used to add mass.

Longevity: days 3-5 as a cut flower; much longer if used as a potted plant

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Genus Name (Latin): Narcissus

Pronunciation: (nar-SIS-us)

Species Name (Latin): several hybrids & cultivars

Common Name: Daffodil, Jonquil, Narcissus

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllis family

Related Family Members in Book: Agapanthus, Allium, Amaryllis, Brodiaea, Hippeastrum, Nerine, and Triteleia

Availability: commercial product: November-April

Color: yellow, white, cream, orange, and bicolors

Unique Charactertistics: Form is unique; single trumpet-shaped flowers are known as daffodils; other varieties are known as jonquils or narcissus; all are part of the genera Narcissus, do not recut stems when using in combination with other flowers in vase designs; condition alone, since sap secreted when cut is harmful to other flowers.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Trumpet-shaped form adds emphasis and mass to both traditional and contemporary designs.

Longevity: days 4-6

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Genus Name (Latin): Narcissus

Pronunciation: (nar-SIS-us)

Species Name (Latin) : 'Tete-a-Tete'

Common Name: 'Tete-a-Tete' Family Name: (Latin and Common): Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllis family

Related Family Members in Book: Agapanthus, Allium, Amaryllis, Hippeastrum, Nerine, and Triteleia

Availability: indoor plant: January-April

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: flowering bulb plant indicates first sign of spring in many floral shops; other cultivars of similar flower size are periodically available as a cut flower.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Small plant works well in combination with other forced spring bulbs. Makes an excellent choice for containerized gardens.

Longevity: days 3-4 as a cut flower; weeks 1-2 as a potted plant, with florets continuing to open

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Genus Name (Latin): Nerine

Pronunciation: (nee-RYE-nee; ne-REEN)

Species Name (Latin): bowdenii

Common Name: Nerine, Guernsey Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllis family

Related Family Members in Book: Agapanthus, Allium, Amaryllis, Hippeastrum, Narcissus, and Triteleia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; leafless flower stem; funnel-shaped florets in umbel pattern; other species and colors are periodically available.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower). Leafless flower stem works well for parallel or vegetative designs. Unique form adds accent to contemporary-style arrangements. Single florets are useful in corsage or boutonniere work.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Nigella

Pronunciation: (ny-JEL-a)

Species Name (Latin): damascena cultivar

Common Name: Love-in-a-Mist, Devil-in-a-Bush

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ranunculaceae, the Crowfoot or Buttercup family

Related Family Members in Book: Aconitum, Anemone, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, and Ranunculas

Availability: commercial product: June-September

Color: blue, pink, and white

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; foliage is feathery; many cultivars of this species are commercially available.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Delicate flower has lacy appearance, and provides good texture. Makes an excellent choice for filler.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Nymphaea

Pronunciation: (nim-FEE-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Waterlily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Nymphaeaceae, the Water Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Nelumbo

Availability: commercial product: varies Color: pink white, yellow, blue, and red

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; typically only day blooming varieties are available as a commercial cut flower.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Distinctive flower is best when used alone. Good choice for floating designs, for example in glass bubble bowls, or some Ikebana styles.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Oncidium

Pronunciation: (on-SID-i-um)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Oncidium, Dancing-Lady Orchid, Golden Shower, Dancing Doll

Family Name (Latin and Common): Orchidaceae, the Orchid family

Related Family Members in Book: Arachnis, Cattleya, Cymbidium, Dendrobium, Paphiopedilum, Phalaenopsis, and Vanda

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: Stem of flower is arching with delicately small flowers; provides physical movement in handheld bouquets; photograph shows single floret.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (line flower) Flower stem provides graceful line. Always produces drama and is exceptional when used in combination with other tropicals or exotics.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Ornithagolum

Pronunciation: (or-ni-THOG-a-lum)

Species Name (Latin): arabicum

Common Name: Star-of-Bethlehem

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Polygonatum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Form unique; cup-shaped florets with prominent black center; leafless flower stem.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Flower head adds mass and accent. Useful as a line material in a number of arrangement styles.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Ornithagolum

Pronunciation: (or-ni-THOG-a-lum)

Species Name (Latin): thrysoides

Common Name: Star-of-Bethlehem, Chincherinchee

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Polygonatum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Form is unique with dense racemes of star-shaped florets; leafless flower stem; long-lasting.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Flower is versatile. Provides line to parallel systems, mass in mixed bouquets, and always accent to traditional or contemporary styles.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Ozothamnus

Pronunciation: (oh-zo-THAM-nus)

Species Name (Latin): rosmarinifolius syn. Helichrysum rosmarinifolium

Common Name: Rice Flower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: varies

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; has dense flower heads; appears reddish in bud, opening to white. Also commercially available as a preserved (glycernized) dried flower.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Flower head is an excellent choice for adding texture and mass. A good candidate for the pillowing technique. Nice choice for mixed arrangements.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Paeonia

Pronunciation: (pee-OH-nee-a)

Species Name (Latin): lactiflora, suffruticosa, others and cultivars

Common Name: Peony

Family Name (Latin and Common): Paeoniaceae, the Peony family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: May-July

Color: white, pink, yellow, red, and bicolor

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; several species and cultivars are available as a commercial cut flower with single, double, and anemone (Japanese) types; Japanese-type shown.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Multipetal blossom visual weight. Makes a beautiful choice for spring bouquets. Great when used in mass.

Longevity: days 3-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Papaver

Pronunciation: (pah-PAY-ver)

Species Name (Latin): orientale 'Allegro'

Common Name: Poppy, Oriental Poppy, Iceland Poppy

Family Name (Latin and Common): Papaveraceae, the Poppy family

Related Family Members in Book: none Availability: commercial product: May-July

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: Flower petals are papery in appearance with a nodding bud and stem tending to be hirsute; petals sometimes have black basal marks; other species and cultivars are commercially available as a cut flower.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Flower head has a distinctive appearance. Serves as an excellent choice to add interesting mass to garden-style or vegetative designs.

Longevity: days 4-6

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Genus Name (Latin): Papaver

Pronunciation: (pah-PAY-ver)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Poppy

Family Name (Latin and Common): Papaveraceae, the Poppy family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: summer months

Color: green (light) with gray dusting Unique Characteristics: Seed head air-dries well, displaying unique color and form.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Works well in high-style designs, nice element to be grouped and used in parallel systems. Useful for adding interest to mixed summer bouquets.

Longevity: days 5-7 or longer

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Genus Name (Latin): Paphiopedilum

Pronunciation: (paf-ee-o-PED-i-lum)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Paphiopedilum, Lady's Slipper, Slipper Orchid

Family Name (Latin and Common): Orchidaceae, the Orchid family

Related Family Members in Book: Arachnis, Cattleya, Cymbidium, Dendrobium, Oncidium, Phalaenopsis, and Vanda

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; hybrids and cultivars of several colors are available as a commercial cut flower usually with varied striping on sepals and/or lips; greenhouse cypripediums belong to the genera Paphiopedilum and Phragmipedium. This flower is a personal favorite.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Flower always adds accent and emphasis. Makes a nice choice for contemporary bridal or everyday designs.

Longevity: days 3-5

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Genus Name (Latin): Pelargonium

Pronunciation: (pet-ar-GO-ni-um)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Scented Geranium

Family Name (Latin and Common): Geraniaceae, the Geranium family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: indoor plant: varies commercially

Color: lavender

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is fragrant, and rubbing leaves makes scent more intense; many assorted cultivars exist with varying fragrances; sometimes ruffled margins appear on leaves. Typically available as a potted plant with occasional availability as a cut flower.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Leaf supports small flower. Due to their unusual shapes and sometimes fuzzy appearance, leaves can be used in bridal work or in combination with other foliages for unique green bouquets.

Longevity: varies as a cut flower and foliage

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Genus Name (Latin): Pelargonium

Pronunciation: (pet-ar-GO-ni-um)

Species Name (Latin): x hortatum cultivar

Common Name: Geranium, Zonal Geranium Family Name (Latin and Common): Geraniaceae, the Geranium family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: varies commercially Color: red, pink, white, salmon, scarlet and orange

Unique Characteristics: Color shades are varied; this annual has many cultivars, including single, double, or cactus-flowered and fancy-leaved varieties.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Flower is available in numerous colors. Makes a good choice for mixed containerized plantings.

Longevity: varies as bedding plant short-lived as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Pentas

Pronunciation: (PEN-tas)

Species Name (Latin): lanceolata 'Pink Profusion'

Common Name: Egyptian Star Cluster, Star Cluster, Pentas

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rubiaceae, the Madder family

Related Family Members in Book: Bouvardia, Gardenia

Availability: commercial product: July-September

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Form consists of flat or domed corymbs of flowers; several colors are available; cultivar shown is typically available as a bedding plant and shorter than others sold as commercial cut flower.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) This flower is a good choice for basal focal zones. Also used to provide mass in vase or container arrangements of mixed summer flowers.

Longevity: days 4-7 as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Perovskia

Pronunciation: (pe-ROF-ski-ya)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Russian Sage

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leonotis, Mentha, Monarda, Ocimum, Perovskia, Physostegia Rosmorinus, Salvia, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: commercial product: varies July-September

Color: lavender, blue

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is fragrant.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Plant has wonderful gray-green foliage providing good visual support for blue-violet flowers. Works well as a filler in garden-style bouquets.

Longevity: days 3-5

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Genus Name (Latin): Phalaenopsis

Pronunciation: (fat-eh-NOP-sis)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Moth Orchid

Family Name (Latin and Common): Orchidaceae, the Orchid family

Related Family Members in Book: Arachnis, Cattleya, Cymbidium, Dendrobium, Oncidium, Paphiopedilum, and Vanda

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive, having the appearance of a moth; cut flowers are sold in sprays or singly; requires special wiring techniques when used individually; several hybrids are commercially available, typically in white or pink often having colored lips.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Flower is used extensively in bridal and corsage work. Full sprays of florets are exquisite.

Longevity: days 3-5

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Genus Name (Latin): Phlox

Pronunciation: (FLOKS)

Species Name (Latin): paniculata cultivar

Common Name: Garden Phlox

Family Name (Latin and Common): Polemoniaceae, the Phlox family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: June-October

Color: lavender, pink, red, white, and bicolor

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; flower head has small florets in dense terminal panicles; several cultivars of species are available in varying shades of color.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Dense flower head works well in mixed summer bouquets.

Longevity: days 3-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Phylica

Pronunciation: (fy-LEE-ka)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Phylica, Cape Myrtle

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rhamnaceae, the Buckthorn family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: varies

Color: yellow (pale) Unique Characteristics: Flower head is hairy or downy in appearance.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Fuzzy-looking filler flower is a good choice for adding interest and texture.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Physalis

Pronunciation: (FY-sa-lis; FIS-a-lis)

Species Name (Latin): alkekengi

Common Name: Chinese Lantern, Japanese Lantern, Ground Cherry

Family Name (Latin and Common): Solanaceae, the Nightshade family

Related Family Members in Book: Capsicum

Availability: commercial product: August-October

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; red orange berries are enclosed in papery calyces; individual lanterns are 1-2 inches in size; typically available as shown, without leaves.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Distincitive lanterns are a good choice for exotic autumnal bouquets. Single florets can add accent. Dramatic stem can be used as a line element.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Physostegia

Pronunciation: (fy-so-STEE-ji-a)

Species Name (Latin): virginiana cultivar

Common Name: Physostegia, False Dragonhead, Obedient Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leo notis, Me ntho, Molucello, Monorda, Ocimum, Perovskia, Rosmarinus, Salvia, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: commercial product: July-October

Color: pinks, lavender, and white

Unique Characteristics: Stem is square; leaves are toothed; several cultivars are available commercially.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Slender form is a good filler to mixed bouquets, adding unique interest.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Polianthes

Pronunciation: (pol-i-AN-theez)

Species Name (Latin): tuberosa

Common Name: Tuberose

Family Name (Latin and Common): Agovaceae, the Agave family

Related Family Members in Book: Cordyline, Dracaena, Phormium, Yucca

Availability: commercial product: February-October Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is strong; flower is tubular, with waxy appearance.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Multi-flowered stem is an excellent choice for line-mass designs. florets are often useful in corsages and boutonnieres.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Portulaca

Pronunciation: (por-TYOU-lay-ka; por-tyou-LAK-a)

Species Name (Latin): grandiflora hybrid

Common Name: Rose Moss, Purslane

Family Name (Latin and Common): Portulacaceae, the Purslane family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: varies commercially

Color: pink, fuchsia, yellow, cream, scarlet, apricot, and white

Unique Characteristics: Colors are bold; profuse bloomer of double and single flowers; typically available as an annual; low light levels inhibit flowers from opening.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Vivid flower appears on stem of succulent-looking foliage, making this an interesting addition of texture to containerized plantings.

Longevity: varies

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Title Annotation:Part 3: Helleborus-Portulaca
Author:Scace, Pat Diehl
Publication:The Floral Artist's Guide, A Reference to Cut Flowers and Foliage
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2001
Words:7315
Previous Article:Botanical entries: flowers and fruits.
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