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Botanical entries: flowers and fruits.

Genus Name (Latin): Chamelaucium

Pronunciation: (Ram-a-LAW-see-um)

Species Name (Latin): ciliatum 'Sterling Range'

Common Name: Waxflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Eucalyptus, Leptospermum, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: January-May

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: flower is tiny and massed along linear stems; leaves often appear silvery.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Unique filler can be used as line material when long, lateral stems are available; can provide mass when shorter stems are used.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Chamelaucium

Pronunciation: (Ram-a-LAW-see-um)

Species Name (Latin): pheliferum 'Lady Stephanie'

Common Name: Waxflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Eucalyptus, Leptospermum, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: September-May

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant, citrus-like smell is apparent upon breaking leaves.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Delicate filler has wonderful light green tips, and is a nice addition to bridal bouquets, corsages, and boutonnieres.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Chamelaucium

Pronunciation: (kam-a-LAW-see-um)

Species Name (Latin): uncinatum 'Album'

Common Name: Waxflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Eucalyptus, Leptospermum, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: September-May

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant, citrus-like smell is apparent upon breaking leaves.

Design Applications: (small) (filler or line flower) Extremely versatile filler can provide length and height.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Chamelaucium

Pronunciation: (kam-a-LAW-see-um)

Species Name (Latin): uncinatum 'Purple Pride'

Common Name: Waxflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Myrtaceae, the Myrtle family

Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Eucalyptus, Leptospermum, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene

Availability: commercial product: September-May

Color: purple

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant, citrus-like smell is apparent upon breaking leaves.

Design Applications: (small) (filler or line flower) Extremely versatile filler can be used to add movement to handheld bouquets and provide length or height to container arrangements.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Chrysanthemum syn. Dendranthema

Pronunciation: (kris-AN-thee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): (Indicum group cultivar)

Common Name: Anemone Pomp, DuetFlowered Spray Mum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Lia Iris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round, many cultivars

Color: white (shown), yellow, bronze

Unique Characteristics: flower form has raised or cushionlike center.

Design Applications: (small) (mass or filler flower) Individual flower can add mass to any arrangement. Full stem is successful as a filler; can also be used for paveing or pillowing design techniques.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Chrysanthemum syn. Dendranthema

Pronunciation: (kris-AN-thee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): (Indicum group cultivar)

Common Name: Button Pomp, Button-Flowered Spray Mum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Lia Iris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round, many cultivars

Color: yellow (shown), white, and green

Unique Characteristics: flower form has a "button" appearance, and is favored for its longevity and durability.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Round form adds mass. Long, lateral stems can be used individually. Material is useful for paveing or pillowing design techniques.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Chrysanthemum syn. Dendranthema

Pronunciation: (kris-AN-thee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): (Indicum group cultivar)

Common Name: Cushion Pomp, Cushion-Flowered Spray Mum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round, many cultivars

Color: white (shown), yellow, lavender, purple, bronze, and burgundy

Unique Characteristics: Flower form consists of solid ray florets. Stems often have long laterals. This flower is known for its longevity and durability.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Round form adds mass to airy style of design. Flower is extremely versatile.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Chrysanthemum syn. Dendranthema

Pronunciation: (kris-AN-thee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): (Indicum group cultivar) many cultivars

Common Name: Daisy Pomp, Daisy-flowered Spray Mum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round, many cultivars

Color: white (shown), yellow, bronze, burgundy, and lavender

Unique Characteristics: flower form is the same for all daisy pomps with the center colors varying by cultivar. Stems often have long laterals. This flower is known for its longevity and durability.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Round form adds mass to arty style of design. Flower is extremely versatile.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Chrysanthemum syn. Dendrantherm

Pronunciation: (kris-AN-thee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): (Indicum group cultivar)

Common Name: Spider Mum, Fuji

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinops, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Se necio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round, many cultivars

Color: white, yellow (shown)

Unique Characteristics: 4-5" flowerhead form is produced by many fine to coarse ray florets on a single stem. This is a disbud mum.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Unique "spider" form adds mass and interest; and is useful in traditional line mass designs.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Chrysanthemum syn. Dendranthema

Pronunciation: (kris-AN-thee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): (Indicum group cultivar)

Common Name: Spider Pomp, Spider-flowered Spray Mum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Calendula, Centaurea, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinops, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round, many cultivars

Color: white, yellow (shown)

Unique Characteristics: flower form consists of tubular ray florets. Plant is favored for its durability and longevity.

Design Applications: (small) (filler or mass flower) Individual florets can provide interesting filler or mass.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Chrysanthemum syn. Dendranthema

Pronunciation: (kris-AN-thee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): (Indicum group cultivar)

Common Name: Football Mum, Incurve Mum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artem isia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinops, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round, many cultivars

Color: white (shown), yellow

Unique Characteristics: Flower form is classified as an intermediate incurve mum. Single-stem flower is favored for its longevity and durability. This is a disbud mum.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Round form adds mass, and is a good candidate for use in traditional line-mass designs.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Chrysanthemum syn. Dendranthema

Pronunciation: (kris-AN-thee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): (Indicum group cultivar) 'Boris Beckee

Common Name: Boris Becker Mum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinops, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round, many cultivars

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: Flower form consists of tightly nestled ray florets. Flower has a single stem, and leaves appear wider than flower head on stem. This is a disbud mum.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Unique single stem can be used to add interest or mass.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Chrysanthemum syn. Dendranthema

Pronunciation: (kris-AN-thee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): (Indicum group cuttivar), 'Tedcha'

Common Name: Micro-Pomp, Spray Mum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower (amity

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinops, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round, several cultivars

Color: yellow (shown), white, pinks

Unique Characteristics: Most micro-pomps have a flower form typically smatter than other Chrysanthemum listings in book. Different colors are available, some with varying center colors.

Design Applications: (small) (fitter or mass flower) Short, lateral stem length adapts this pomp to fitter and mass applications.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long tasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Chrysanthemum syn. Dendranthema

Pronunciation: (kris-AN-thee-mum)

Species Name (Latin): (Indicum group cultivar)

Common Name: Rover, Red Rover

Family Name (Latin and Common): Achillea, Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower (amity

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinops, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: July-November

Color: red tipped yellow

Unique Characteristics: flower contains yellow tips and is available as a single stem.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Round form is a good choice for line-mass designs, and a nice choice for autumnal arrangements in combination with other members of the Chrysanthemum genus.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Clarkia

Pronunciation: (CLARK-ee-ah)

Species Name (Latin): amoena-Satin Series cultivar syn. Godetia amoena, G grandiflora

Common Name: Godetia, Satin Flower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Onagraceae, the Evening Primrose family

Related Family Members in Book: Fuchsia

Availability: commercial product: May-September

Color: reds, pinks, salmon, white, and bicolor

Unique Characteristics: Flower petals have papery texture.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Clustered buds continue to open, adding mass to any design style; can also be used as filler.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Clematis

Pronunciation: (KLEM-a-tis)

Species Name (Latin): 'Jackmanii Alba'

Common Name: Clematis, Old Man's Beard, Traveler's Joy, Virgin's Bower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ranunculaceae, the Crowfoot or Buttercup family

Related Family Members in Book: Aconitum, Anemone, Aquilegia, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella, and Ranunculas

Availability: Landscape plant is typically not available commercially as a cut flower.

Color: white (shown), pink, purple, yellow, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance in some species; some species are climbers. Sepals range from 4-10 in number. Plant is an interesting accent for interior landscape displays.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) Provides accent to temporary displays or exhibits.

Longevity: varies as a cut flower

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Genus Nam (Latin): Cleome

Pronunciation: (klee-OH-mee)

Species Name (Latin): hassleriana cultivar

Common Name: Spider Flower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Capparidaceae, the Caper family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: June-August

Color: white, pink, and purple (shown)

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is distinctive.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower)

Unique "spidery" appearance adds interest.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Consolida

Pronunciation: (con-SO-li-da)

Species Name (Latin): ajacis syn. C. ambigua, Delphinium consolida

Common Name: Larkspur

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ranunculaceae, the Crowfoot or Buttercup family

Related Family Members in Book: Aconitum, Anemone, Aquilegia, Clematis, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella, and Ranunculas

Availability: commercial product: June-September

Color: white, pink (shown)

Unique Characteristics: Stems can be hung upside down to air dry. Upon complete drying, florets will remain intact, losing slight color. Feathery foliage is indicative. Flower is ethylene sensitive.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Serves as an excellent choice for adding line, and works especially well in mixed garden bouquets or feminine designs.

Longevity: days 9-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Convallaria

Pronunciation: (con-vah-LAY-ree-uh)

Species Name (Latin): majalis

Common Name: Lily-of-the-Valley

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Aspidistra, Aconitum, Asparagus, Eremurus, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Polygonatum, Ruscus, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Florets are fragrant and bell-shaped.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Flowers are used primarily for bridal work, and are exceptionally beautiful and fragrant when bundled in mass.

Longevity: days 9-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Coreopsis

Pronunciation: (ko-ree-OP-sis)

Species Name (Latin): lanceolata 'Sunburst

Common Name: Tickseed

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: Landscape plant is limited commercially as a cut flower.

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: Color is intense yellow with daisy appearance on slender stem; typically is available as a perennial plant.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Yellow filler works well in combination with other summer bloomers.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Coreopsis

Pronunciation: (ko-ree-OP-sis)

Species Name (Latin): verticillata 'Moonbeam'

Common Name: Tickseed

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: Landscape plant is limited commercially as a cut flower.

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is threadlike; typically is available as a perennial plant.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Makes a nice choice for mixed-flower summer bouquets.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Cornus

Pronunciation: (KOR-nus)

Species Name (Latin): florida 'Cloud Nine'

Common Name: Dogwood

Family Name (Latin and Common): Cornaceae, the Dogwood family

Related Family Members in Book: Aucuba

Availability: Landscape plant is a spring bloomer, but commercially not available as a cut flower.

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: flower is large on leafless stem.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Distinctive line material immediately resounds spring. Excellent in mass or for Ikebana.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Cosmos

Pronunciation: (KOZ-mos; KOZ-mus)

Species Name (Latin): bipinnatus cultivar

Common Name: Cosmos

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: June-September

Color: white, pink (shown), and carmine

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is Lacy.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Delicate-looking flowers are nice in combination with other summer bloomers; can be used to add mass to smaller-scale designs.

Longevity: days 4-6

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Genus Name (Latin): Costus

Pronunciation: (KAWS-tus)

Species Name (Latin): speciosus

Common Name: Costus

Family Name (Latin and Common): Zingiberaceae, the Ginger family

Related Family Members in Book: Alpinia, Curcuma, Globba, and Zingiber

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red

Unique Characteristics: Form is exotic in appearance.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Good choice for use with other exotic flowers; looks best in contemporary designs.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Craspedia

Pronunciation: (kra-SPEE-dee-a)

Species Name (Latin): uniflora

Common Name: Craspedia, Bachelor's Buttons, Billy Buttons

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: flower air-dries well.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Drumstick appearance adds interest and movement to contemporary or traditional designs.

Longevity: days 10-14 or longer

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Genus Name (Latin): Crocosmia

Pronunciation: (crow-KOZ-mee-ah)

Species Name (Latin): x crocosmiiflora

Common Name: Montbretia, Crocosmia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Iridaceae, the Iris family

Related Family Members in Book: Freesia, Gladiolus, Iris, Ixia, and Watsonia

Availability: commercial product: June-October

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: Stem of flower buds continue to open; and are ethylene sensitive. Design Applications: (small) (line and form flower) Leafless flower stem with distinctive flower head works well in vegetative and parallel designs. Flower can also provide filler in line mass arrangements. Bold orange works well with complementary colors.

Longevity: days 7-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Curcuma

Pronunciation: (kur-KOO-mah)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Curcuma, Hidden Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Zingiberaceae, the Ginger family

Related Family Member in Book: Alpinia, Cossus, Globba, and Zingiber

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: pink (shown), yellow

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; bracts are colored.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Works best with other tropical flowers, and creates a nice accent in geometric designs.

Longevity: days 5-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Cyclamen

Pronunciation: (SIK-la-men; SY-kla-men)

Species Name (Latin): persicum cultivar

Common Name: Florist's Cyclamen

Family Name (Latin and Common): Primulaceae, the Primrose family

Related Family Members in Book: Lysimachia, Primula

Availability: Indoor plant available year-round.

Color: white (shown), red, salmon, lavender, and pinks

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is heart-shaped; flower is sweet-scented.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Distinctive form is a useful choice for corsages or boutonnieres. Blooming plant works well in mixed, containerized gardens.

Longevity: days 2-3 as a cut flower; weeks as a blooming plant

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Genus Name (Latin): Cymbidium

Pronunciation: (sim-BID-ee-um)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Cymbidium

Family Name (Latin and Common): Orchidaceae, the Orchid family

Related Family Members in Book: Arachnis, Cattleya, Dendrobium, Oncidium, Paphiopedilum, Phalaenopsis, and Vanda

Availability: commercial product: year-round, many hybrids and cultivars

Color: green, yellow, pink, red, and white Unique Characteristics: Form is exquisite with stem of buds in full bloom.

Design Applications: (medium) (form and mass flower) When complete stem of florets is used in design, it creates a very elegant and dramatic appearance; it is best used in simple line work. Individually, florets are used in bridal bouquets, corsages, and other body flower creations.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Cynara

Pronunciation: (SIN-a-ra)

Species Name (Latin): scolymus

Common Name: Globe Artichoke, Artichoke

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: July-October

Color: lavender/purple

Unique Characteristics: flower has brown-spiked head with tufts of lavender on tip; immature flower heads are cooked as a vegetable.

Design Applications: (large) (form and mass flower) Unique spiked form provides emphasis, and works well in line-mass designs.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Cytisus

Pronunciation: (SIT-i-sus)

Species Name (Latin): scoparius

Common Name: Scotch Broom

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fabaceae, the Pea or Pulse family

Related Family Members in Book: Acacia, Cercis, Lathyrus, and Wisteria

Availability: commercial product: year-round as a foliage, seasonally available with flowers

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: Stem is rigid; seasonal flower is a nice addition to dark green stem.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Serves as an excellent choice for adding line.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Cytisus

Pronunciation: (SIT-i-sus)

Species Name (Latin): x spachianus, C. canariensis

Common Name: Genista

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fabaceae, the Pea or Pulse family

Related Family Members in Book: Acacia, Cercis, Lathyrus, and Wisteria

Availability: commercial product: January-May Color: yellow, white (shown)

Unique Characteristics: Flower is fragrant; leafless stems with multiple florets that continue up the stem.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Arching stem creates soft visual lines; and is a useful filler for adding physical movement to handheld bouquets.

Longevity: days 7-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Dahlia

Pronunciation: (DAHL-ya; DAYL-ya)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Dahlia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Cosmos, Chrysanthemum, Craspedia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: supply varies, July-November

Color: pink red, yellow, orange, white, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: flower form varies; size varies from buttons to magnificent dinner-plate; many cultivars exist.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Numerous design applications ranging from traditional to contemporary.

Longevity: days 2-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Delphinium

Pronunciation: (del-FIN-ee-um)

Species Name (Latin): 'Yvonne'--Elatum Group hybrid

Common Name: Hybrid Delphinium

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ranunculaceae, the Crowfoot or Buttercup family

Related Family Members in Book: Anemone, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Helleborus, Nigella, and Ranunculas

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: blue shades, white

Unique Characteristics: Color is bold; stems in this group of several hybrids are loose and branched allowing versatility; also is ethylene sensitive.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Works well in garden-style designs, adding intense blue color, and excellent in combination with time green, orange, or hot pink materials.

Longevity: days 4-12

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Genus Name (Latin): Delphinium

Pronunciation: (del-FIN-ee-um)

Species Name (Latin): Pacific Giant hybrid

Common Name: Hybrid Delphinium

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ranunculaceae, the Crowfoot or Buttercup family

Related Family Members in Book: Anemone, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Helleborus, Nigella, and Ranunculas

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: dark blue, lavender-purple (shown), and white

Unique Characteristics: Color is electric blue. Florets are large and typically more compact on stem. flower is ethylene sensitive. Several hybrids and cultivars exist Photograph depicts close-up of floret.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Linear flower provides mass and intense color, and is beautiful when grouped in volume. Florets can be used individually for body flower designs.

Longevity: days 4-12

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Genus Name (Latin): Dendrobium

Pronunciation: (den-DRO-bee-um)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Dendrobium, Singapore Orchids Family Name (Latin and Common): Orchidaceae, the Orchid family

Related Family Members in Book: Arachnis, Cattleya, Cymbidium, Oncidium, Paphiopedilum, Phalaenopsis, and Vanda

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellow, white (shown), lavender, purple, green, and various bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Stems have graceful curve; marry hybrids and cultivars are available.

Design Applications: (small) (line flower) Gracefully curved stems add line to traditional or contemporary arrangements; can be used in combination with other tropical flowers. Florets are useful in bridal and body flower designs.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Dianthus

Pronunciation: (die-ANTH-us)

Species Name (Latin): caryophyllus cultivar

Common Name: Standard Carnation

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caryophyllaceae, the Pink family

Related Family Members in Book: Agrostemma, Saponaria

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white (shown), red, yellow, orange, pink lavender, purple, green, and various bicolors

Unique Characteristics: flower is fragrant, long lasting and durable, and extremely versatile. Many cultivars are available. Shows ethylene sensitivity.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Design uses are unlimited. It remains a staple for the florist due to the variety of color, durability, fragrance, and longevity. Makes an excellent choice for paving, terracing, or pillowing techniques.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Dianthus

Pronunciation: (die-ANTH-us)

Species Name (Latin): caryophyllus nana cultivar

Common Name: Mini Carnation, Pixie Carnation

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caryophyllaceae, the Pink family

Related Family Members in Book: Agrostemma, Saponaria

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red, yellow, orange, white, pink, lavender, and various bicolors

Unique Characteristics: flower is fragrant, long lasting, and has many cultivars. Shows ethylene sensitivity.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Unlimited design uses abound for this popular florist staple, from container arrangements to wedding designs. Extremely long-lasting flower and buds add texture, form, and mass.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Dianthus

Pronunciation: (die-ANTH-us)

Species Name (Latin): 'Telstar Crimson'

Common Name: Pinks, Chinese Pinks, Annual Pinks

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caryophyllaceae, the Pink family

Related Family Members in Book: Agrostemma, Saponaria

Availability: annual bedding plant: typically available April-August

Color: red (shown), white, pinks, and bi-colors

Unique Characteristics: Plant is typically used as an annual; other cultivars of pinks are also available as cut flowers. Shows ethylene sensitivity.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Versatile annual provides color and accent to containerized gardens. Cultivars with long stem length can provide filler to cut flower designs.

Longevity: days 5-9 as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Dicentra

Pronunciation: (di-SEN-tra)

Species Name (Latin): spectabilis

Common Name: Bleeding Heart

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fumariaceae, the Fumitory family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: supply varies April-May

Color: pink (shown), white

Unique Characteristics: Form of pendulous florets resembles hearts.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Delicate florets are darling by themselves. Nice when bundled in mass.

Longevity: varies, preferring clear water rather than floral foam as water source

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Genus Name (Latin): Digitalis

Pronunciation: (dij-i-TAL-is)

Species Name (Latin): purpurea--Excelsior hybrid

Common Name: Foxglove

Family Name (Latin and Common): Scrophulariaceae, the Figwort family

Related Family Members in Book: Antirrhinum, Leucophyllum, Penstemon, and Veronica

Availability: commercial product: June-September

Color: white, yellow, red, and shades of pink Unique Characteristics: flower has downward-facing florets with speckled throats; many hybrids and cultivars exist.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Useful in formal-linear designs, these flowers are an excellent choice for garden-style arrangements, and a good candidate for vegetative or parallel systems of design.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Diosma

Pronunciation: (die-OZ-ma; die-OS-ma)

Species Name (Latin): ericoides

Common Name: Diosma, Coleonema, Breath-of-Heaven Family Name (Latin and Common): Rutaceae, the Rue family.

Related Family Members in Book: Boronia

Availability: commercial product: February-May

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant, tiny flower in tight clusters has bold color.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Dainty flower is a delightful filler for romantic styles.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Diospyros

Pronunciation: (dy-OHS-py-ros)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Mini-Persimmon

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ebenaceae, the Ebony family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: varies September-October

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: Fruit grows in small clusters.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Fruit along a woody stem provides unusual interest. Great addition to autumnal arrangements.

Longevity: varies due to stage of maturity

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Genus Name (Latin): Echinacea

Pronunciation: (ek-i-NAY-see-a)

Species Name (Latin): purpurpea cultivar

Common Name: Coneflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: limited June-August Color: purple, pinkish-purple (shown), and white

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well, and has a distinctive conelike center.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Daisylike form adds visual mass to mixed summer bouquets.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Echinops

Pronunciation: (EK-I-nops)

Species Name (Latin): ritro

Common Name: Globe Thistle

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantho, Centourea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Crospedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helionthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: July-October

Color: blue (grey-blue)

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well, and has metallic blue flowers and thistlelike leaves.

Design Applications: (large) (filler flower) Flower adds a distinctive look to any style design, but is best used in moderation. Makes an excellent choice for contemporary or abstract designs.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Eremurus

Pronunciation: (er-eh-MEW-rus)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Eremurus, Desert Candle, Foxtail Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Lilium, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: May-September

Color: yellow (shown), white, cream, pink, and orange

Unique Characteristics: Stem is spikelike with star-shaped florets; colors and availability vary by species and cultivar.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Unusual line material for bigger scaled designs.

Longevity: weeks 1-2 with florets continuing to open

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Genus Name (Latin): Eriostemon

Pronunciation: (er-i-o-STEE-mon)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Eriostemon, Waxflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rutaceae, the Rue family

Related Family Members in Book: Boronia, Diosma

Availability: commercial product: April-May Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is stiff and waxy looking.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Small flowered filler can also be used as a line element in some designs.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Erica

Pronunciation: (ER-i-ka; ee-RYE-ka)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Heather

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ericaceae, the Heath family

Related Family Members in Book: Gaultheria, Rhododendron, and Vaccinium

Availability: commercial product: November-April

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well. There are several different species, hybrids and/or cultivars are sold commercially.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Dainty flowers along woody stems provide a nice texture, and can sometimes act as a line material; used for bridal designs, corsage work, and container arrangements.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Erica

Pronunciation: (ER-i-ka; ee-RYE-ka)

Species Name (Latin): persoluta

Common Name: Heather

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ericaceae, the Heath family

Related Family Members in Book: Gaultheria, Rhododendron, and Vaccinium

Availability: commercial product: November-April

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well, becoming more fragile and continuing to lose tiny florets. This species of Erica is often available as a potted plant.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Tiny, compact florets create an excellent texture. Tips or laterals of stems may also be used for line. flowers are beautiful in monochromatic color combinations.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Eryngium

Pronunciation: (eh-RIN-jih-um)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Sea Holly

Family Name (Latin and Common): Apiaceae, the Parsley or Carrot family

Related Family Members in Book: Ammi, Anethum, Buplearum, and Trachymene

Availability: commercial product: June-October

Color: violet, blue, and green (shown)

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; form is distinctive; spikey bracts surround cone-shape bracts; color is unique, often with silver or metallic cast; several different species are sold as a commercial cut flower with varying supplies.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) This flower with unusual form adds dynamic interest to any design, and is most effective if used in moderation.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Euphorbia

Pronunciation: (yew-FOR-bee-a)

Species Name (Latin): fulgens cultivar

Common Name: Scarlet-Plume

Family Name (Latin and Common): Euphorbiaceae, the Spurge family

Related Family Members in Book: Acalypha, Codiaeum and Sapium

Availability: commercial product: September-February

Color: orange, yellow, white, and cream

Unique Characteristics: Stem and leaves release milky sap when cut; condition cut stems in hot water; some people have allergic skin reactions to sap; several cultivars are available.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Tiny florets continue along curving stems providing graceful lines that lengthen designs.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Euphorbia

Pronunciation: (yew-FOR-bee-a)

Species Name (Latin): pulcherrima cultivar

Common Name: Poinsettia, Christmas Flower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Euphorbiaceae, the Spurge family

Related Family Members in Book: Acalypha, Codiaeum and Sapium

Availability: indoor plant: November-January

Color: red (shown), pink white, yellow, and several mottled and/or speckled varieties

Unique Characteristics: Stem and leaves release milky sap when cut; condition stem in hot water upon removal from plant. Many cultivars are available; plant is sensitive to cool temperatures.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) This plant is used mostly during the Christmas season. The multiple colors now make it more trans-seasonal.

Longevity: varies as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Euphorbia

Pronunciation: (yew-FOR-bee-a)

Species Name: characias subsp. wulfenii 'John Tomlinson'

Common Name: Euphorbia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Euphorbiaceae, the Spurge family

Related Family Members in Book: Acalypha, Codiaeum, and Sapium

Availability: commercial product: varies from March-May

Color: green (yellow-green)

Unique Characteristics: Stem secretes milky sap; color is unusual.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass) Unique material is an interesting choice for providing mass and accent.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Eustoma

Pronunciation: (you-STO-ma)

Species Name (Latin): grandiflorum 'Picotee Pink'syn. Lisianthus russellianus

Common Name: Lisianthus, Prairie Gentian

Family Name (Latin and Common): Gentionaceae, the Gentian family

Related Family Members in Book: Exacum

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white, pink, purple, and bicolors (shown)

Unique Characteristics: flower stem is phototropic, bending toward the light; marry cultivars are available. Shows ethylene sensitivity.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Laterals are generally longer and useful in smaller-scale designs. All varieties work well in romantic-style arrangements.

Longevity: days 7-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Exacum

Pronunciation: (EK-sa-kum)

Species Name (Latin): affine

Common Name: Exacum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Gentianaceae, the Gentian family

Related Family Members in Book: Eustoma

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: lavender (shown), pink, and white

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant, saucer-shaped flowers have bright yellow stamens

Design Applications: (small) (mass) This blooming plant works well in mixed gardens of assorted foliage plants. Also a good choice to decorate for individual sales.

Longevity: weeks as a blooming plant

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Genus Name (Latin): Forsythia

Pronunciation: (for-SITH-ee-ah)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Forsythia, Golden-Bells

Family Name (Latin and Common): Oleaceae, the alive family

Related Family Members in Book: Syringa

Availability: commercial product: December-March

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: Stem is leafless and woody with buds continuing to open.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Flowering branch is cheery yellow. Works well for visual displays in early winter, with other forced bulbs, as a welcoming sign of spring. Stems add length and can be bent for use in armatures, or for framing affects.

Longevity: weeks 1-2 or more, depending on stage of maturity upon forcing

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Genus Name (Latin): Fothergilla

Pronunciation: (foth-er-GIL-a)

Species Name (Latin): 'Mt. Airy'

Common Name: Dwarf Fothergilla

Family Name (Latin and Common): Hamamelidaceae, the Witch Hazel family.

Related Family Members in Book: Hamamelis

Availability: landscape plant: limited commercially

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: flower is fuzzy looking, appearing before leaves.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Round-shaped flower with many white filaments provides unique accent.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Freesia

Pronunciation: (FREE-shee-a; FREE-see-a)

Species Name (Latin): x hybrida

Common Name: Freesia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Iridaceae, the Iris family

Related Family Members in Book: Crocosmia, Gladiolus, Iris, Ixia, and Watsonia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: purple, lavender (shown), yellow, white, cream, and orange

Unique Characteristics: flowers are fragrant appearing on upper side

of stem; ethylene sensitivity.

Design Applications: (medium) (form and filler flower) Flower on leafless stem provides a unique form. Works well in contemporary bridal and everyday designs.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Fuchsia

Pronunciation: (FEW-sha; FEW-shi-a; FEWK-see-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Fuchsia, Lady's-Eardrops

Family Name (Latin and Common): Onagraceae, the Evening Primrose family

Related Family Members in Book: Clarkia

Availability: indoor plant: varies commercially

Color: red, pink purple, white, and various bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Flower form is distinctive; color of showy and pendulous florets is dynamic; used as bedding plant, hanging basket, or sometimes shaped into tree forms.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Floret is on trailing stem, and useful in elevated designs where unique form can be visible.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Gardenia

Pronunciation: (gar-DEE-nee-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Gardenia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rubiaceae, the Madder family

Related Family Members in Book: Bouvardia, Pentas

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is strong. Flowers are commercially available with a waxy-leaf collar attached, easily bruised.

Design Applications: (medium) (form and mass flower) This flower is used extensively for bridal work. It adds both form and visual mass to traditional and contemporary designs.

Longevity: days 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Gerbera

Pronunciation: (ger-BEE-rah; jer-BEE-rah)

Species Name (Latin): jamesonii cultivar

Common Name: Gerbera, Transvaal Daisy, Barberton Daisy

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellow, red, orange, pink (shown), and white

Unique Characteristics: Colors are bold and varied; stems are leafless, fluoride sensitivity may cause brown spotting.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Round flower on leafless stem works well in contemporary and traditional designs. Stems can be wired and shaped, working nicely in abstract or geometric forms.

Longevity: days 4-14, preferring clear water to floral foam

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Genus Name (Latin): Gerbera

Pronunciation: (ger-BEE-rah; jer-BEE-rah)

Species Name (Latin): jamesonii cultivar

Common Name: Mini Gerbera

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellow, pink, orange, and white (shown) Unique Characteristics: Size is smaller than the traditional Gerbera, cultivars are available in varying color; fluoride sensitivity may cause brown spotting.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Flower size works well in smaller-scaled designs.

Longevity: days 5-10, preferring clear water to floral foam

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Genus Name (Latin): Gerbera

Pronunciation: (ger-BEE-rah; jer-BEE-rah)

Species Name (Latin): jamesonii cultivar

Common Name: Spider Gerbera

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: pink and yellow

Unique Characteristics: Form has a "spider" appearance and is available in standard or mini; fluoride sensitivity may cause brown spotting.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Round form provides mass, and appearance of this variety can certainly be used to add accent.

Longevity: days 5-10, preferring clear water to floral foam.

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Genus Name (Latin): Gladiolus

Pronunciation: (glad-ee-OH-lus; gla-DEE-oh-lus)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Gladiolus, Glad, Sword Lily, Corn Flag

Family Name (Latin and Common): Iridaceae, the Iris family

Related Family Members in Book: Crocosmia, Iris, Ixia, and Watsonia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white, pink, red, purple, green, yellow, and various bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Flower stem is geotropic, curving away from gravity. Colors are many; florets can be plain, fringed, or ruffled, continuing to open progressively. Photo depicts bud of large, multi-flowered stem.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Excellent choice for line-mass designs. florets are sometimes used in bridal or corsage work to create composite flowers.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Gladiolus

Pronunciation: (glad-ee-OH-lus; gla-DEE-oh-lus)

Species Name (Latin): 'Nymph'

Common Name: Mini Glad, Mini Gladiolus, Sword Lily, Corn Hag

Family Name (Latin and Common): Iridaceae, the Iris family

Related Family Members in Book: Crocosmia, Iris, Ixia, and Watsonia

Availability: commercial product: varies

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Stem of florets is loosely arranged on the stem.

Design Applications: (small) (line flower) Flowers are nice when used in mass.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Globba

Pronunciation: (GLO-bah)

Species Name (Latin): winitii

Common Name: Globba

Family Name (Latin and Common): Zingiberaceae, the Ginger family

Related Family Members in Book: Alpinia, Cossus, Curcuma, and Zingiber

Availability: commercial product: varies year-round.

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: flower bracts are pink; Rowers are yellow on pendant racemes; large lance-shaped leaves have a heart-shaped base. Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Exotic-looking tropical flower works well in contemporary designs which highlight its form.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Gloriosa

Pronunciation: (glow-ree-OH-sa)

Species Name (Latin): superba 'Rothschildiana'

Common Name: Gloriosa Lily, Glory Lily, Climbing Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Eremurus, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Muscari, Ornithagalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum.

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellow to red or purple

Unique Characteristics: Flower form is distinctive with reflexed petals, curled yellow margins, and protruding stamens. Buds continue to open.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Distinctive form adds drama to any design style. It is commonly used in contemporary or abstract designs.

Longevity: days 5-10 per stem

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Genus Name (Latin): Gomphrena

Pronunciation: (gom-FREE-na)

Species Name (Latin): globosa 'Lavender Lady'

Common Name: Gomphrena, Globe Amaranth

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaranthaceae, the Amaranth family

Related Family Members in Book: Amaranthus, Celosia

Availability: commercial product: July-September

Color: lavender (shown), white, purple, and red Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Flowers are generally used as filler.

Longevity: days 5-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Goniolimon

Pronunciation: (go-nee-OH-Ii-mon)

Species Name (Latin): tartarica syn. Limonium tartaricum

Common Name: German Statice

Family Name (Latin and Common): Plumbaginaceae, the Plumbago or Leadwort family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: Gray

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well, and is prickly.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Flower is a long-time favorite for drying. Popular in country designs.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Guzmania

Pronunciation: (guz-MAY-nee-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Guzmania

Family Name (Latin and Common): Bromeliaceae, the Bromelia or Pineapple family

Related Family Members in Book: Aechmea, Ananas, and Tillandsia

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: red (shown), others

Unique Characteristics: Several cultivars are commercially available in varying foliage/flower combinations.

Design Applications: (medium) (accent) This plant is a good choice for adding accent to container gardens and landscape displays.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Gypsophila

Pronunciation: (jip-SOF-i-la)

Species Name (Latin): paniculata

Common Name: Babys Breath, Gyp

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caryophylloceae, the Pink family

Related Family Members in Book: Agrostemma, Dianthus, and Saponaria

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; ethylene sensitivity.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Small flowers provide a delicate appearance. Useful filler has many applications.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Gypsophila

Pronunciation: (jip-SOF-i-la)

Species Name (Latin): 'Million Stars'

Common Name: Million Stars Gyp

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caryophylloceae, the Pink family

Related Family Members in Book: Agrostemma, Dianthus, and Saponaria

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Air dries well; This cultivar has short lateral flower stems; shows ethylene sensitivity.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Small flowers on short stems make this an excellent choice for corsage and boutonniere applications.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Hamamelis

Pronunciation: (ham-a-MEE-lis)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Witch Hazel

Family Name (Latin and Common): Hamamelidaceae, the Witch Hazel family

Related Family Members in Book: Fothergilla

Availability: landscape plant: commercially limited as a cut flower

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: flower form is distinctive; blooms appear during late winter.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Unique flower provides accent.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Helianthus

Pronunciation: (hee-li-AN-thus)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Sunflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round with peak supplies June-October

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; different cultivars are commercially available with varying sizes.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Round form provides mass. Combines well with summer and autumnal colors.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Heliconia

Pronunciation: (he-li-KO-ni-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Heliconia, Wild Plantain

Family Name (Latin and Common): Heliconiaceae, the Heliconia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: pink (shown), red, yellow, and orange Unique Characteristics: Unusual form is distinctive.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Unique form provides instant drama. Best if used with other tropical flowers. Good choice for geometric designs.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Heliconia

Pronunciation: (he-li-KO-ni-a)

Species Name (Latin): pendula cultivar

Common Name: Hanging Heliconia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Heliconiaceae, the Heliconia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red-green

Unique Characteristics: Flower form is outstanding; handle with care to keep bracts intact; several cultivars available. Design Applications: (large) (form flower) This dramatic flower works best when given room to show its unique pendulous habit.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Heliconia

Pronunciation: (he-li-KO-ni-a)

Species Name (Latin): pendula 'Sexy Pink'

Common Name: Hanging Heliconia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Heliconiaceae, the Heliconia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: pink-green

Unique Characteristics: Form is outstanding; handle with care to keep bracts intact; other cultivars available.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) This flower is dramatic. Cultivar 'Sexy Pink is a personal favorite for color and form. Works best when given room to show its unique pendulous habit.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Heliconia

Pronunciation: (he-li-KO-ni-a)

Species Name (Latin): psittacorum cultivar

Common Name: Parakeet

Family Name (Latin and Common): Heliconiaceae, the Heliconia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: pink (shown), orange, and yellow

Unique Characteristics: flower form is unusual; several cultivars available.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Smatter sized Heliconia is an excellent choice for tropical designs. This cultivar works well in smatter-seated arrangements.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Heliconia

Pronunciation: (he-li-KO-ni-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name (Latin): Heliconia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Heliconiaceae, the Heliconia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: red

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; several species and cultivars available.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Rower's unique form is best if used in combination with other tropical or exotic flowers. Excellent choice for geometric designs.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Heliotropium

Pronunciation: (hee-li-oh-TROP-ee-um)

Species Name (Latin): arborescens cultivar

Common Name: Heliotrope

Family Name (Latin and Common): Boraginaceae, the Borage family

Related Family Members in Book: none Availability: commercial product: varies

Color: white, purple (shown), blue, and violet Unique Characteristics: Flower head is dense

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Dense flower head adds mass. A good candidate for pillowing technique.

Longevity: days 4-6

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Article Details
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Title Annotation:Part 2: Chamelaucium-Heliotropium
Author:Scace, Pat Diehl
Publication:The Floral Artist's Guide, A Reference to Cut Flowers and Foliage
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2001
Words:7365
Previous Article:Botanical entries: flowers and fruits.
Next Article:Botanical entries: flowers and fruits.
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