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Botanical entries: flowers and fruits.

Genus Name (Latin): Protea

Pronunciation: (PRO-tee-a)

Species Name (Latin): cynaroides

Common Name: King Protea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; color is in bract that is silky/hairy on the outside; large, almost 8-inch flower head, readily distinguishes this species; color ranges from light pink to dark pink or nearly red.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Dramatic flower demands attention. Excellent in combination with other exotics.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Protea

Pronunciation: (PRO-tee-a)

Species Name (Latin): eximia

Common Name: Rose Spoon Protea, Duchess

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red or red-tinted pink

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; colorful bracts are fringed with white hair; can be air-dried.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (form flower) Like most Proteas, this inflorescence is distinctive and works best placed in focal points or zones.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Protea

Pronunciation: (PRO-tee-a)

Species Name (Latin): nerifolia cultivar

Common Name: White Mink Protea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; bracts are fringed with black hairs; pink cultivar is also commonly used; can be air-dried.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (form flower) flower has distinctive form, always adding interest and mass to any design. Flower is best used in focal zones, and is well suited for contemporary styles.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Protea

Pronunciation: (PRO-tee-a)

Species Name (Latin): repens

Common Name: Honeyflower, Sugarbush

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucadendron, Leuspermum, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Form is unique with bracts being covered by sticky resin; bracts are often tipped with dark red or pink.

Design Applications: (small-medium) (form flower) Small Protea provides accent as well as mass. Works uniquely well in combination with other exotic materials.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Prunus

Pronunciation: (PR00-nus)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Flowering Cherry

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Malus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, Rosa, and Spiraea

Availability: commercial product: March-April

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody with flower typically appearing before leaves; genus includes plum, cherry, peach, apricot and nectarine; photo shows single petaled form.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Spring flowering stem provides beautiful line element for any design style. Wonderful when used in mass for dramatic window displays. Makes a good choice for Ikebana.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Prunus

Pronunciation: (PR00-nus)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Flowering Cherry

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Malus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, Rosa, and Spiraea

Availability: commercial product: March-April

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody with delicate pink or white flowers; genus includes plum, cherry, peach, apricot, almond, and nectarine; photo shows double petaled ornamental variety.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Flowering branch works well in combination with other spring flowers. Dramatic when used in mass. All Prunus work especially well in Oriental designs.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Pyracantha

Pronunciation: (py-ra-KAN-tha)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Pyracantha

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Malus, Prunus, Pyrus, Rosa, and Spiraea

Availability: landscape plant: varies commercially, August-October as a cut berry

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: Periodically this thorny plant appears with its beautiful berries as a commercial-cut product.

Design Applications: (large) (mass) Clusters of berries among lustrous dark green leaves are a nice addition to designs for color, accent, texture, or mass.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Pyrus

Pronunciation: (PIE-rus)

Species Name (Latin): calleryana 'Bradford'

Common Name: Bradford Callery Pear

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, and Spiraea

Availability: landscape plant: typically not available as a commercial cut flower

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody with early spring flowering tree producing clusters of white flowers; has a slight fragrance that some find offensive.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Branching plant can be a good choice for Ikebana.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Ranunculas

Pronunciation: (ra-NUNG-kew-lus)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Ranunculas, Persian Buttercup

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ranunculaceae, the Crowfoot or Buttercup family

Related Family Members in Book: Aconitum, Anemone, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, and Nigella

Availability: commercial product: January-May

Color: pink red, orange (shown), yellow, and white

Unique Characteristics: Color is bold with contrasting center; double flowered form is most readily available in the cut flower trade; other hybrids and cultivars periodically appear for purchase.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Round flower head works well in any styles of design, traditional or contemporary. Buds and leaves can also be used to add texture or interest.

Longevity: days 4-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Rhododendron syn Azalea

Pronunciation: (row-doe-DEN-dron) Species Name (Latin): spp. Common Name: Rhododendron

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ericaceae, the Heather family

Related Family Members in Book: Erica, Gaultheria, and Vaccinium

Availability: landscape plant: varies commercially as a cut flower

Color: red, pink, white, cream, lavender (shown), and orange

Unique Characteristics: Colors are many; glossy green foliage on broadleaf evergreen; leaves are generally larger and broader than what is commonly referred to as an azalea among florists.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (accent) Landscape plant is an excellent addition to temporary landscape displays or exhibits.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Rhododendron syn. Azalea

Pronunciation: (row-doe-DEN-dron)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Florist's Azalea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ericaceae, the Health family

Related Family Members in Book: Erica, Gaultheria, and Vaccinium

Availability: indoor plant: year-round Color: white, pink, salmon, crimson, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Colors are many; florists' azaleas are typically grown as a greenhouse crop.

Design Applications: (small-medium) (color) Blooming plant is a good candidate for container gardens and temporary displays. Florets can be used in corsages.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Rhododendron syn. Azalea

Pronunciation: (row-doe-DEN-dron)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Azalea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ericaceae, the Heath family

Related Family Members in Book: Erica, Gaultheria, and Vaccinium

Availability: landscape plant: commercial availability limited as a cut flower.

Color: red, pink (shown), white, cream, lavender, apricot, yellow, and orange

Unique Characteristics: Colors are many for this favored landscape plant; bloom times vary depending on cultivar; even though a Rhododendron by genus, the smaller leaf species are often referred to as azaleas.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (color) Blooming plant is useful for temporary exhibits or displays. Makes an excellent addition to spring vignettes.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Rosa

Pronunciation: (RO-sa)

Species Name (Latin): floribunda, grandiflora, rugosa, others

Common Name: Rose Hips

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, and Spiraea

Availability: commercial product: September-November

Color: orange to red shades

Unique Characteristics: Form is wonderful; contains thorny stem. Can be air-dried, shrinking slightly in size and eventually dropping.

Design Applications: (small) (color) Fruit is a great choice for texture in mixed autumnal bouquets.

Longevity: weeks 1-2 or longer

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Genus Name (Latin): Rosa

Pronunciation: (RO-sa)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Floribunda Rose

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, and Spiraea

Availability: landscape plant: commercially limited as a cut flower

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant, multi-flowered clusters; different from typically available commercial varieties; many colors exist.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Single-petal flowers are a dependable favorite flowering plant for the gardener.

Longevity: days 3-5 as a cut flower, with buds continuing to open

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Genus Name (Latin): Rosa

Pronunciation: (RO-sa)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Rose, Standard Rose, Tea Rose

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, and Spiraea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red, pink, yellow, white, lavender, orange, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; air-dries well; will benefit from stems being cut under water during processing; flower stem has thorns; some varieties have ethylene sensitivity; many shades of colors exist; ecuadorian grown hybrids are typically large, both stem and flower head.

Design Applicatione: (medium to large) mass flower) The rose is as varied in color as in its applications. Uses are limitless. Long stem lengths of tea roses work well in parallel designs, with the flower form working in any style, always adding mass. Roses are a common choice for bridal bouquets, corsages, and boutonnieres.

Longevity: days 3-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Rosa

Pronunciation: (RO-sa)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Sweetheart Rose

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, and Spiraea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red, white, yellow, orange, peach, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; air-dries well; typically smaller flower head than standard roses; heavy water drinker; flower will benefit from stems being cut under water during processing; some varieties have ethylene sensitivity; many shades of colors exist.

Design Applications: (small-medium) (mass flower) Roses are an excellent choice for adding mass; it is also a good choice for bouquets, corsages, or boutonnieres. Like its larger counterpart, uses are limitless.

Longevity: days 3-6

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Genus Name (Latin): Rosa

Pronunciation: (RO-sa)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Spray Rose

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, and Spiraea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: pinks, whites, and red

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; air-dries well; stem is multi-flowered with buds in all stages of development; some varieties are ethylene sensitive.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Multiflowered stem acts like a filler. Versatile, diminutive size is useful in feminine designs and garden-style mixed bouquets. Makes a nice, smaller choice for bouquets, corsages, and boutonnieres.

Longevity: days 4-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Rudbeckia

Pronunciation: (rud-BECK-i-a)

Species Name (Latin): fulgida, hirta, others and hybrids

Common Name: Coneflower, Black-Eyed Susan

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: July-September

Color: orange, yellow

Unique Characteristics: Form is unique; cone-shaped black center is prominent.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (mass flower) Daisylike flower with contrasting center provides immediate accent, working well in combination with other summer bloomers.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Saintpaulia

Pronunciation: (saint-PAW-lee-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: African Violet

Family Name (Latin and Common): Gesneriaceae, the Gesneria family

Related Family Members in Book: Sinningia

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: purple, violet, pink, red, yellow, blue, cream, white, bicolor, and multicolor

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is fleshy and can be feathered, flecked, or strongly variegated; flower petals may be ruffled; many cultivars exist.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Delightful blooming houseplant is a nice addition of color and form to indoor container gardens.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Salix

Pronunciation: (SAY-liks)

Species Name (Latin): discolor

Common Name: Pussy Willow

Family Name (Latin and Common): Salicaceae, the Willow family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: varies, January-May

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Commercial product has silky catkins, similar to Salix entry in dried material section of this book; photo shown is a mature specimen, available only from a landscape plant.

Design Applications: (small-large) (line flower) Branch material is useful in any design style, and is adaptable for armatures. Makes a nice addition to any spring flowered bouquet

Longevity: varies by stage of catkin maturity

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Genus Name (Latin): Salvia

Pronunciation: (SAL-vee-a)

Species Name (Latin): farinacea 'Victoria'

Common Name: Salvia, Mealy-Cup Sage

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leonotis, Mentha, Molucella, Monarda, Ocimum, Perovskia, Physostegio, Rosmarinus, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: commercial product: varies July-September

Color: purple

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; contains strong color; inflorescence has slender spike-like form.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Linear filler provides spikes of intense color. Long, slender stem is a good choice for hand-tied bouquets.

Longevity: days 3-5 as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Salvia

Pronunciation: (SAL-vee-a)

Species Name (Latin): splendens cultivar

Common Name: Salvia, Sage

Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leonotis, Mentha, Molucello, Monordo, Ocimum, Perovskia, Physostegia, Rosmarinus, Solenostemon, Stachys, and Thymus

Availability: landscape plant: varies commercially

Color: red (shown), deep purple, light salmon, lilac, and white

Unique Characteristics: Colors are bright on flower spikes with distinct calyxes; commercially available as annual; variety of cultivars available.

Design Applications: (medium) (color) Plant works well in container gardens for summer color, preferring full sun or partial shade. Works beautifully in combination with grey or complementary colored annuals.

Longevity: varies, as an annual

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Genus Name (Latin): Sandersonia

Pronunciation: (san-der-SO-nee-a)

Species Name (Latin): aurantiaca

Common Name: Sandersonia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Kniphotia, Liriopa, Muscari, 0rnithogalum, Ruscus, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: varies July-May

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; flower stem has pendent, urn-shaped florets; should be purchased with 4-5 full flowers and several immature buds; shows ethylene sensitivity.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Unique flower form on slender stem adds color and accent. Use in contemporary styles allowing plenty of room to show distinctive habit.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Saponaria

Pronunciation: (sap-o-NAY-ree-a)

Species Name (Latin): officinalis cultivar

Common Name: Saponaria, Bouncing Bet, Soapwort

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caryophyllaceae, the Pink family

Related Family Members in Book: Agrostemma, Dianthus, and Gypsophila

Availability: commercial product: June-September

Color: pink, white

Unique Characteristics: Flowers are star-shaped at tips of branching stems.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Delicate, airy appearance works well in mixed bouquets.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Sarracenia

Pronunciation: (sair-a-SEE-nee-a)

Species Name (Latin): fava, purpurea, cultivars

Common Name: Sarracenia, Pitcher Plant, Swamp Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Sarraceniaceae, the Pitcher Plant family Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: April-September

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well (photo sample is dried); leaves are tubular and trumpet shaped, and are often mistaken for flowers; typically contains colored venation.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) This linear trumpet is wonderfully unique. Makes the perfect choice for parallel systems or simple lines in contemporary designs.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Scabiosa

Pronunciation: (skay-bi-OH-sa)

Species Name (Latin): altropurpurea, caucasica, cultivars

Common Name: Scabiosa, Pincushion flower, Scabioss

Family Name (Latin and Common): Dipsocaceae, the Teasel family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: June-October

Color: blue, white, yellow, or pink

Unique Characteristics: flower has pincushion-like central florets with larger marginal ones; looking papery in appearance.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) A beautiful choice for adding mass to mixed arrangements. Works uniquely well in delicate or feminine-looking bouquets.

Longevity: days 6-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Schinus

Pronunciation: (SKY-nus)

Species Name (Latin): terebinthifolius, molle,

Common Name: Pepper Tree, Brazilian Pepper Tree, Christmasberry Tree

Family Name (Latin and Common): Anacardiaceae, the Cashew family

Related Family Members in Book: Cotinus

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: red, pink

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; large berry cluster is pendulous along a leafy, almost weedy-appearing stem.

Design Applications: (small) (texture) Berry works well in combination with other natural materials for wreaths or with holiday foliages in decorative arrangements. Makes an excellent choice for adding textural interest to year-round designs.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Scilla

Pronunciation: (SIL-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Squill

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphotia, Liriopa, Muscari, 0rnithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: April-May

Color: lavender, blue, and white

Unique Characteristics: Form is similar to hyacinth.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Bulb flower provides a unique form and texture to spring arrangements. Also useful for adding mass to any smaller scaled design.

Longevity: days 3-5

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Genus Name (Latin): Sedum

Pronunciation: (SEE-duns)

Species Name (Latin): 'Herbstfreude' syn. S. 'Autumn Joy'

Common Name: Sedum, Stonecrop

Family Name (Latin and Common): Crassulaceae, the Orpine family

Related Family Members in Book: Kalanchoe

Availability: commercial product: May-October

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Color changes from pink during the summer months to an excellent burgundy color in fall.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Flower head provides visual mass to any design style, working well in autumnal arrangements once it has darkened to a bronze color.

Longevity: days 4-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Serruria

Pronunciation: (ser-R00-ree-a)

Species Name (Latin): florida

Common Name: Serruria, Blushing Bride

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Protea, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: varies June-July

Color: pink/salmon

Unique Characteristics: Form is unique with flower head having a cup-shaped ring of colored bracts.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) This flower is an excellent choice for texture. Unique appearance can be a nice filler when not overused.

Longevity: days 6-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Sinningia

Pronunciation: (si-NIN-jee-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Gloxinia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Gesneriaceae, the Gesneria family

Related Family Members in Book: Saintpaulia

Availability: indoor plant: year-round

Color: red, purple, lavender, pink, white, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is fleshy, fragile; flowers have velvety appearance, and are tubular, trumpet shaped, or bell shaped; remove spent blossoms to allow light to hit emerging buds underneath; available as a greenhouse crop.

Design Applications: (large) (accent) Colorful blooming plant is beautiful. Makes a nice specimen to display alone for gifts or table decor.

Longevity: varies with buds continuing to open

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Genus Name (Latin): Solidago

Pronunciation: (sol-i-DAY-go)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Goldenrod, Solidago

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: May-October

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; often contains long enough laterals to be used individually.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) This yellow filler is good for everyday arrangements, sometimes containing a slender enough tip to be used as a line element in smaller-scaled designs.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): x Solidaster

Pronunciation: (so-li-DAS-ter)

Species Name (Latin): luteus syn. S. hybridas

Common Name: Solidaster

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; has daisylike flower heads.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Tiny flowered filler is a good choice for everyday designs. Provides nice addition to autumnal bouquets. Useful accent for corsages or boutonnieres.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Spiraea

Pronunciation: (spy-REE-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Spirea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, and Rosa

Availability: landscape plant: commercially limited as a cut flower.

Color. white

Unique Characteristics: Stem has arching habit; displays a delicate appearance.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Clusters of tiny flowers, along arching stem, can provide filler to line-mass designs.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Stachys

Pronunciation: (STAK-is)

Species Name (Latin): byzantina

Common Name: Lamb's Ear, Woolly Betony Family Name (Latin and Common): Lamiaceae, the Mint family

Related Family Members in Book: Lavandula, Leonotis, Melissa, Mentha, Molucella, Monarda, Ocimum, Perovskia, Physostegia, Rosmarinus, Solenostemon, and Thymus

Availability: commercial product: varies May-July Color: lavender/pink

Unique Characteristics: Foliage is woolly and gray-green in color; leaves are a good choice for pressing.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Great line material to provide interesting texture and form.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Stephanotis

Pronunciation: (stef-a-NO-tis)

Species Name (Latin): floribunda

Common Name: Stephanotis, Madagascar Jasmine

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asclepiadaceae, the Milkweed family

Related Family Members in Book: Asclepias, Tweedia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is sweet; requires special wiring techniques to be used in design work; stem is slender and tubular approximately 1" to 1 1/2" in length.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Small, star-shaped flower is used primarily for wedding designs; Especially useful for corsages, boutonnieres, and headpieces. It can look beautiful in mass, also adding to the concentration of its sweet fragrance.

Longevity: days 3-4

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Genus Name (Latin): Strelitzia

Pronunciation: (stre-LIT-see-a)

Species Name (Latin): reginae

Common Name: Bird-of-Paradise, Crane Flower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Strelitciaceae, the Strelitzia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: orange and blue

Unique Characteristics: flower is distinctive resembling a bird; stem is thick and leafless; remove old florets from spathe and continue to lift out new ones.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Dramatic flower commands immediate attention. Use in contemporary designs in combination with other exotics or tropicals. Excellent choice for geometric styles. Allow plenty of room to display unique character.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Symphoricarpos

Pronunciation: (sim-fo-ri-KAR-pus)

Species Name (Latin): albus var. laevigatus

Common Name: Snowberry

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caprifoliaceae, the Honeysuckle family

Related Family Members in Book: Kolkwitzia, Lonicera, and Viburnum

Availability: commercial product: varies November-December

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Fruit is spherical and pure white.

Design Applications: (medium) (texture) Berry is an excellent texture. Use in traditional and contemporary design styles.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Syringa

Pronunciation: (si-RING-ga)

Species Name (Latin): vulgaris, others and cultivars

Common Name: Lilac, Common Lilac Family Name (Latin and Common): Oleaceae, the Olive family

Related Family Members in Book: Forsythia

Availability: commercial product: January-May

Color: white, lilac, pink, and purple

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is sweet; showy panicles of tiny star-shaped florets; also is a heavy water drinker.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Visually heavy panicles of fragrant florets are nice additions to spring bouquets and are beautiful when used in mass.

Longevity: days 3-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Tagetes

Pronunciation: (ta-JEE-tee-z)

Species Name (Latin): erecta, patula; others and hybrids

Common Name: Marigold

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: July-September

Color: orange, yellow, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; some people find scent offensive.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) The marigold provides mass with its densely petaled form. Makes a colorful companion for other bright summer bloomers.

Longevity: days 4-6

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Genus Name (Latin): Tanacetum

Pronunciation: (tan-ah-SEE-tum)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Feverfew

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower (amity

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Fragrant; contact with skin may aggravate skin allergies.

Design Applications: (small) (fitter flower) Dainty looking fitter is useful in feminine designs.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Telopea

Pronunciation: (te-LO-pee-ah)

Species Name (Latin): speciosissima Common Name: Telopea, Waratah

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Banksia, Leucadendron, Leucospermum, and Serruria

Availability: commercial product: May-November Color: red

Unique Characteristics: flower and foliage have exotic appearance; terminal racemes are surrounded by colorful bracts.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Flower should be placed in focal zones to highlight unique form, best if used in combination with other exotics.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Thunbergia

Pronunciation: (thun-BUR-jee-a)

Species Name (Latin): alata

Common Name: Black-Eyed Susan Vine, Clock Vine

Family Name (Latin and Common): Acanthaceae, the Acanthus family

Related Family Members in Book: Pachysandra

Availability: landscape plant: varies

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: Plant is available as an annual and has a vining habit.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Flowering vine is a nice choice for adding accent to hanging baskets or mixed container gardens. Can grow to cover arbors or decorations of 5-6 feet high, making it useful for several types of display.

Longevity: varies as a bedding plant

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Genus Name (Latin): Trachelium

Pronunciation: (tra-KEE-lee-um)

Species Name (Latin): caeruleum

Common Name: Trachelium, Blue Throatwort, Throatwort

Family Name (Latin and Common): Campanulaceae, the Bellflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Campanula Availability: commercial product: March-November

Color: purple

Unique Characteristics: Flower head consists of dense, terminal corymbose clusters.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (mass flower) Useful flower for traditional line-mass designs. Round flower head is a good candidate for the pillowing technique.

Longevity: days 6-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Trachymene syn. Didiscus

Pronunciation: (tra-KYM-e-nee)

Species Name (Latin): coerulea

Common Name: Didiscus, Blue Laceflower, Laceflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Apiaceae, the Parsley or Carrot family

Related Family Members in Book: Ammi

Availability: commercial product: June-November Color: blue

Unique Characteristics: flower has delicate appearance; buds are similar in appearance to Queen Ands Lace; flower head is similar to Scabiosa.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Round flower has delicate appearance; works well in romantic styles, and is a nice choice for filler in mixed bouquets.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Tradescantia

Pronunciation: (trad-es-KAN-shee-a)

Species Name (Latin): x Andersoniana Group

Common Name: Spiderwort

Family Name (Latin and Common): Commelinaceae, the Spiderwort family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: landscape plant: commercially limited as a cut flower.

Color: purple

Unique Characteristics: flower borne in paired, terminal cymes; has a "spidery" appearance; florets are short-lived with buds continuing to open; prefers clear water to floral foam.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Flower head works well in abstract designs where unique form can be highlighted.

Longevity: varies, several days per bud

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Genus Name (Latin): Triteleia

Pronunciation: (tri-te-LAY-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Triteleia, Brodiaea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Glorioso, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Scilla, Smilax, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: May-November

Color: violet, white, and purple-blue

Unique Characteristics: Form is similar in appearance to Agapanthus.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) This flower is a useful accent in smaller-scaled arrangements.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Triticum

Pronunciation: (TRIT-i-kum)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Wheat

Family Name (Latin and Common): Poaceae, the Grass family

Related Family Members in Book: Miscanthus, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Setaria, and Sorghum

Availability: commercial product: May-October

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Seed head provides interesting texture, color, and form.

Design Applications: (small) (line flower) Wheat is most effective when grouped in mass. Excellent in combination with vegetables and fruit. When bundled, the stems work very well in autumn harvest designs or monochromatic arrangements of any style. Makes a good candidate for parallel systems.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Tulipa

Pronunciation: (TYOU-li-pa)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Tulip

Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family

Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hosta, Hyacinthus. Kniphofia, Liriope, Muscari, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Scilla, Smilax, and Xerophyllum

Availability: commercial product: November-May

Color: red, yellow, purple, pink, orange, peach, white, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Stem continues to lengthen or "grow" even after being placed into designs; flowers are available as field grown or French varieties (French tulips typically have longer flower stem and flower head); many hybrids and cultivars are available, some with fringed or striped sepals or petals.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Rounded flower always provides interesting mass. Like most bulbs, the tulip works best in combination with other spring flowers, but is exceptionally beautiful in mass on their own. Use in vegetative systems; popular in white and red during the winter holiday season.

Longevity: days 3-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Tweedia syn. Oxypetalum

Pronunciation: (TWEE-dee-a)

Species Name (Latin): caerulea

Common Name: Tweedia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asclepiadaceae, the Milkweed family

Related Family Members in Book: Stephanotis

Availability: commercial product: limited

Color: blue

Unique Characteristics: flower displays hairy, white stems; milky sap is exuded when cut; flower has distinctive sky blue color.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) flowers of intense blue color add accent and are a nice combination with pink materials.

Longevity: days 3-5

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Genus Name (Latin): Vanda

Pronunciation: (VAN-da)

Species Name (Latin): caerulea, tessellata, tricolor, others and many hybrids

Common Name: Vanda

Family Name (Latin and Common): Orchidaceae, the Orchid family

Related Family Members in Book: Arachnis, Cattleya, Cymbidium, Dendrobium, Oncidium, Paphiopedilum, and Phalaenopsis

Availability: commercial product: varies year-round

Color: purple, burgundy, red-brown, dark violet, mauve, many other combinations

Unique Characteristics: Flower can be fragrant; wide assortment of rich colors including blue rarely found in the Orchidaceae family; some contain heavily spotted patterns.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Sprays of several florets are dramatic and best if allowed plenty of room to display their unique form. Makes an excellent candidate for high-style designs. Individual blossoms well suited for corsages or boutonnieres.

Longevity: weeks 1-3

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Genus Name (Latin): Verbena syn. Glandularia

Pronunciation: (vur-BEE-na)

Species Name (Latin): bonariensis

Common Name: Verbena

Family Name (Latin and Common): Verbenaceae, the Vervain or Verbena family

Related Family Members in Book: Callicarpa, Lantana

Availability: commercial product: limited

Cotor: lavender-purple

Unique Characteristics: Stem is slender and leafless with salverform flowers in panicle-like cymes.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Flower head on slender stem allows this Verbena to be used successfully in parallel designs, while acting as a filler in other styles. Use for adding mass to small arrangements.

Longevity: days 4-7 as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Verbena syn. Glandularia

Pronunciation: (vur-BEE-na)

Species Name (Latin): x hybrida

Common Name: Verbena

Family Name (Latin and Common): Verbenaceae, the Vervain or Verbena family

Related Family Members in Book: Callicarpa, Lantana

Availability: landscape plant: varies commercially

Color: white, pinks, purple, red, peach, lavender, yellow, and blue

Unique Characteristics: Colors are many; typically sold as an annual bedding plant.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Clusters of multiple, colorful florets produce mass. Add to container gardens where the often trailing habit of this plant is visible.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Veronica

Pronunciation: (ve-RON-i-ka)

Species Name (Latin): spicata cultivar

Common Name: Veronica, Spike Speedwell

Family Name (Latin and Common): Scrophulariaceae, the Figwort family

Related Family Members in Book: Antirrhinum, Digitalis, Leucophyllum, and Penstemon

Availability: commercial product: year-round, peak supplies June-September

Color: rose, white, purple, and blue

Unique Characteristics: flower tips gently curve; displays spikelike racemes of tiny flowers and toothed leaves.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) This linear filler is a good choice for summer garden bouquets.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Viburnum

Pronunciation: (vy-BUR-num)

Species Name (Latin): carlesii

Common Name: Koreanspice Viburnum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caprifoliaceae, the Honeysuckle family

Related Family Members in Book: Kolkwitzia, Lonicera, Symphoricarpus, and Weigela

Availability: landscape plant: not available commercially as a cut flower.

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is strong.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Flower head can stand on its own, providing wonderful fragrance. Nice choice for Ikebana.

Longevity: days 2-5

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Genus Name (Latin): Viburnum

Pronunciation: (vy-BUR-num)

Species Name (Latin): davidii

Common Name: Viburnum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caprifoliaceae, the Honeysuckle family

Related Family Members in Book: Kolkwitzia, Lonicera, Symphoricarpus, and Weigela

Availability: commercial product: July-December

Color: blue (metallic)

Unique Characteristics: Color is unique.

Design Applications: (small) (filler) Choice berry is beautiful, and an excellent material for adding texture and accent.

Longevity: weeks 1-2 or longer

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Genus Name (Latin): Viburnum

Pronunciation: (vy-BUR-num)

Species Name (Latin): opulus

Common Name: European Cranberrybush Viburnum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caprifoliaceae, the Honeysuckle family

Related Family Members in Book: Kolkwitzia, Lonicera, Symphoricarpus and Weigela

Availability: commercial product: varies May-June

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Color is spring green before turning white; varying sized flower clusters on stem; leaf form is unique; flower is a heavy water drinker.

Design Applications: (small-medium) (mass flower) Blossoms are excellent specimens to be used in mass. Good choice for providing visual weight to garden-style designs.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Viburnum

Pronunciation: (vy-BUR-num)

Species Name (Latin): x rhytidophylloides

Common Name: Lantanaphyllum Viburnum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caprifoliaceae, the Honeysuckle family

Related Family Members in Book: Kolkwitzia, Lonicera, Symphoricarpus, and Weigela

Color: white

Availability: landscape plant: typically not available as a commercial cut flower

Unique Characteristics: flower has a fragrance that some find offensive; large leathery leaf is extremely tomentose beneath; typically is available from a spring flowering landscape plant.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Flower is useful in Ikebana designs.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Viola

Pronunciation: (VY-oh-la)

Species Name (Latin): tricolor cultivar

Common Name: Johnny-jump-up

Family Name (Latin and Common): Violaceae, the Violet family

Related Family Members in Book: Viola

Availability: landscape plant: varies commercially March-April

Color: purple, violet, yellow, white, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Plant is typically available as an annual; a favorite of Elizabethan times, this flower can be pressed; used often in rock gardens or in combination with other early flowering bulb plantings.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Dainty flower is a delightful specimen for the tussiemussie. Makes a great choice for pressed floral designs; plant is a nice addition to containerized spring gardens.

Longevity: days 2-4 as a cut flower; preferring clear water to floral foam.

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Genus Name (Latin): Viola

Pronunciation: (VY-oh-la)

Species Name (Latin): x Wittrockiana cultivars

Common Name: Pansy

Family Name (Latin and Common): Violaceae, the Violet family

Related Family Members in Book: Viola

Availability: landscape plant: varies commercially March-April

Color: purple, yellow, lavender, white, orange, burgundy, and bicolors

Unique Characteristics: Flower appears to have a delightful "face"; loving cooler temperatures, this annual is one of the first available in spring; excellent candidate for pressing.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) This exceptional flower will make you smile. Complements spring containerized gardens. Nice choice for early spring indoor displays.

Longevity: days 3-5 as a cut flower; preferring clear water to floral foam.

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Genus Name (Latin): Watsonia

Pronunciation: (wot-SO-ni-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Watsonia, Bugle Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Iridaceae, the Iris family

Related Family Members in Book: Crocosmia, Gladiolus, Iris, and Ixia

Availability: commercial product: April-June

Color. white

Unique Characteristics: flower is linear and similar to traditional Gladiolus.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) This material works well in line mass designs. Exceptionally nice when used alone in massed bundles.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Weigela

Pronunciation: (wy-GEE-la)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Weigela

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caprifoliaceae, the Honeysuckle family

Related Family Members in Book: Kolkwitzia, Lonicera, Symphoricarpus, and Viburnum

Availability: landscape plant: commercially available May-June as a cut flower

Color: pink purplish, carmine, and white

Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody; flowers appear on prior year's growth of plant.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Leafy line material is nice in combination with other late spring bloomers.

Longevity: days 3-5 as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Wisteria

Pronunciation: (wis-TEE-ri-a; wis-TEER-i-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Wisteria

Family Name (Latin and Common): Tabaceae, the Pea or Pulse family

Related Family Members in Book: Acacia, Cercis, Cytsus, Lathyrus, and Lupinus

Availability: landscape plant: commercially limited as a cut flower

Cotor: violet, violet-blue, white, purple, and reddish-violet

Unique Characteristics: Flower is fragrant, pendent, and of mostly terminal racemes; typically available from a spring flowering vine.

Design Applications: (large) (accent) This beautiful flower is best if pendulous character is highly visible, for example, along an arbor or constructed armature.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Xeranthemum

Pronunciation: (zee-RAN-the-mum)

Species Name (Latin): annuum

Common Name: Xeranthemum, Immortelle

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artem isia, Aster, Bracteantha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Lia Iris, Rudbeckia, Se necio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: July-October

Color: pink, white

Unique Characteristics: Air-dries well; petals have papery appearance.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Delicate filler is beautiful in mixed bouquets.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Yucca

Pronunciation: (YUK-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Yucca

Family Name (Latin and Common): Agavaceae, the Agave family

Related Family Members in Book: Cordyline, Dracaena, Polianthes, and Phormium

Availability: landscape plant: commercially limited June-July as a cut flower

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Stem of flower is thick and leafless, with florets that continue to open.

Design Applications: (large) (line material) Use for accent in large designs or displays.

Longevity: days 5-7 as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Zantedeschia

Pronunciation: (zan-tee-DES-ki-a)

Species Name (Latin): aethiopica

Common Name: Calla, Calla Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Anthurium, Caladium, Monstera, and Philodendron

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: flower is not a true "lily" but is often referred to as such; spathe of color surrounds the spadix; 'Green Goddess' cultivar of this species is exceptional.

Design Applications: (large) (line material) The graceful 'calla' is a classic. Use often in wedding and bridal designs. It is beautiful in mass.

Longevity: days 4-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Zantedeschia

Pronunciation: (zan-tee-DES-ki-a)

Species Name (Latin): elliotiana

Common Name: Calla, Golden Calla, Yellow Calla

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Anthurium, Caladium, Monstera, and Philodendron

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: Flower is not a true "lily," but is often referred to as such; spathe of color surrounds the spadix.

Design Applications: (medium-large) (line material) The 'calla' is a classic. Stems can be gently bent for graceful curved lines in contemporary and traditional design styles.

Longevity: days 4-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Zantedeschia

Pronunciation: (zan-tee-DES-ki-a)

Species Name (Latin): rehmannii

Common Name: Calla, Pink Calla

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Anthurium, Caladium, Monstera, and Philodendron

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Flower is not a true "lily," but is often referred to as such; spathe of color surrounds the spadix; this species is often smaller than Z. elliotiona and Z. aethiopica.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) The classic line of the 'calla' is often used in bridal designs. Wonderful line material. Can easily be shaped to create curving lines in contemporary design techniques.

Longevity: days 4-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Zingiber

Pronunciation: (ZIN-ji-bur)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Shampoo Ginger

Family Name (Latin and Common): Zingiberaceae, the Ginger family

Related Family Members in Book: Alpinia, Costus, Curcuma, Globba

Availability: commercial product: June-September

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: flower appears inside waxy bracts; has a pinecone shape.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Unique flower provides immediate accent with unusual shape and combines well with other exotic or tropical flowers.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Zinnia

Pronunciation: (ZIN-ee-a)

Species Name (Latin): elegant cultivar

Common Name: Zinnia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracseansha, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, and x Solidaster

Availability: commercial product: June-September

Color: orange, pink, yellow, red, and white

Unique Characteristics: Colors are bold.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Round flower adds accent and mass to traditional or contemporary designs. Combines well with other bold summer bloomers.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Pat Diehl Scace, AIFD, AAF
COPYRIGHT 2001 Delmar Learning
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2001 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
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Title Annotation:Part 4: Protea-Zinnia
Author:Scace, Pat Diehl
Publication:The Floral Artist's Guide, A Reference to Cut Flowers and Foliage
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2001
Words:6656
Previous Article:Botanical entries: flowers and fruits.
Next Article:Botanical entries: foliages and dried materials.
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