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Botanical entries: flowers and fruits.

Genus Name (Latin): Acacia

Pronunciation: (a-KAY-sha)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Acacia, Mimosa, Wattle

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fabaceae, the Pea or Pulse family. This family is the second most important source of food for humans and supplies many other economic products.

Related Family Members in Book: Cercis, Cytisus, Lathyrus, and Wisteria

Availability: commercial product: October-March

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: Fuzzy pollen balls are clustered along pendulous stems.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Displays excellent texture in both flower and foliage, and is useful to add as an accent.

Longevity: days 4-6

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Genus Name (Latin): Acacia

Pronunciation: (a-KAY-sha)

Species Name (Latin): retinoides

Common Name: Knifeblade Acacia, Wirilda

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fabaceae, the Pea or Pulse family

Related Family Members in Book: Cercis, Cytisus, Lathyrus, and Wisteria

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: Leaves are narrow and lance-shaped.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Multiflowered stem is a nice filler; and a good choice for providing textural interest or accent.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Acanthus

Pronunciation: (a-KAN-thus)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Bear's Breeches, Acanthus

Family Name (Latin and Common): Acanthaceae, the Acanthus family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: Landscape plant has limited availability as a cut flower.

Color: lavender (shown), white, green, yellow, and pink

Unique Characteristics: Foxglove-like flowers are on 24-inch stems; dark green leaves are sometimes spiny.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Unusual flower provides interesting line.

Longevity: days 4-6

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Genus Name (Latin): Achillea

Pronunciation: (ah-kil-LEE-ah)

Species Name (Latin): filipendulina, millefolium, others and hybrids

Common Name: Yarrow, Ach illea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops-Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: July-September

Color: yellow (shown), pink, red, and white

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is sometimes found offensive. It is a good candidate for air-drying, and loses its aroma upon completion.

Design Possibilities: (medium) (mass flower) Works well in mixed bouquets and is useful for terracing. The round flower head is a nice choice for interest in basal focal zones.

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Genus Name (Latin): Aconitum

Pronunciation: (ak-ah-NEE-tum)

Species Name (Latin): napellus, others

Common Name: Monkshood, Aconite, Aconitum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ranunculaceae, the Crowfoot or Buttercup family

Related Family Members in Book: Anemone, Clematis, Delphinium, Helleborus, and Ranunculas

Availability: commercial product: April-October

Color: blue

Unique Characteristics: Plant is toxic if ingested. Maintain hand washing during use to prevent possible skin irritation. Hood of sepals is distinctive.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Interesting line element and deep blue color play well against complementary-colored companions in traditional and contemporary designs.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Aechmea

Pronunciation: (eek-MEE-a)

Species Name (Latin): fasciata

Common Name: Urn Plant

Family Name (Latin and Common): Bromeliaceae, the Bromelia or Pineapple family

Related Family Members in Book: Ananas, Guzmania, and Tillandsia.

Availability: Indoor plant has commercial availability year-round.

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Foliage and inflorescence combination is distinctive; many other species of Aechmea are available, all with varying combinations.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) (accent) Excellent choice for adding emphasis to containerized plantings or landscape displays. Provides a nice accent as a cut flower.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Aesculus

Pronunciation: (es-KEW-lus)

Species Name (Latin): parviflora

Common Name: Bottlebrush Buckeye, Dwarf Horsechestnut

Family Name (Latin and Common): Hippocastanaceae, the Horsechestnut family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: Landscape plant has flower typically not commercially available.

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Displays a columnar panicle of florets with stamens exserted.

Design Applications: (large) (line flower) Provides heavy-looking line element.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Agapanthus

Pronunciation: (ag-a-PAN-thus)

Species Name (Latin): africanos (A. umbellatus), orientalis, others and hybrids

Common Name: Agapanthus, Lily-of-the-Nile, African Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllis family

Related Family Members in Book: Allium, Amaryllis, Narcissus, Nerine, and Triteleia

Availability: commercial product: March-August.

Color: blue (shown), white

Unique Characteristics: Stem is leafless.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Round flower head adds mass to any design style. Leafless flower stem also works well as a line element.

Longevity: days 4-6

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Genus Name (Latin): Ageratum

Pronunciation: (aj-ur-AY-tum; a-JER-a-tum)

Species Name (Latin): houstonianum 'Blue

Danube'; other houstonianum cultivars.

Common Name: Ageratum

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Artemisia, Aster, Centaurea, Calendula, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Dahlia, Echinops, Echinacea, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: June-August

Color: lavender-blue (shown), white, and pink

Unique Characteristics: Flower head has a fuzzy appearance; other cultivars as cut flowers.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Serves as a nice choice for a unique textural effect, and is a good filler for mixed bouquets.

Longevity: days 4-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Agrostemma

Pronunciation: (ag-ro-STEM-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Agrostemma, Corn Cockle

Family Name (Latin and Common): Caryophyllaceae, the Pink family

Related Family Members in Book: Dianthus, Gypsophila, and Saponaria

Availability: commercial product: June-July

Color: purple

Unique Characteristics: Stem has a weeping habit.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Delicate flower works well in mixed spring bouquets.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Ailanthus

Pronunciation: (ay-LAN-thus)

Species Name (Latin): altissima

Common Name: Tree-of-Heaven, Varnish Tree

Family Name (Latin and Common):

Simaroubaceae, the Quassia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: varies

Color: Samara is cream, turning to reddish-orange in maturity.

Unique Characteristics: Samara (winged fruit) is twisted.

Design Applications: (large) (filler) Large stem of unusual fruit adds textural interest.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Allium

Pronunciation: (AL-ee-um)

Species Name (Latin): giganteum

Common Name: Giant Allium, Allium

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllis family

Related Family Members in Book: Agapanthus, Amaryllis, Narcissus, Nerine, and Triteleia

Availability: commercial product: April-September

Color: light purple

Unique Characteristics: Stem is leafless with giant orb on top that often smells like onion when cut; odor does not linger after conditioning.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Round flower head adds mass. Leafless stem creates strong vertical lines that work well in parallel or vegetative systems of design.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Allium

Pronunciation: (AL-ee-um)

Species Name (Latin): sphaerocephalon

Common Name: Drumstick Allium

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllis family

Related Family Members in Book: Agapanthus, Amaryllis, Narcissus, Nerine, and Triteleia

Availability: commercial product: April-September

Color: light purple

Unique Characteristics: Stem is leafless with small orb on top that often smells like onion when cut; odor does not linger after conditioning.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Round flower head adds mass. Leafless flower stem creates strong vertical and horizontal lines that work well in parallel and vegetative systems of design. Nice choice for small contemporary pieces.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Allium

Pronunciation: (AL-ee-um)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Allium

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllis family

Related Family Members in Book: Agapanthus, Amaryllis, Narcissus, Nerine, and Triteleia Availability: commercial product: Limited

Color: light purple

Unique Characteristics: Stem is leafless; smells like onion when cut; air-dries well.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Round flower head adds mass. Leafless stem creates strong vertical lines that work well in parallel or vegetative systems.

Longevity: days 4-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Alpinia

Pronunciation: (al-PIN-ee-ah)

Species Name (Latin): purpurea, zerumbet, others

Common Name: Ginger, Torch Ginger, Ostrich Plume

Family Name (Latin and Common): Zingiberaceae, the Ginger family

Related Family Members in Book: Costus, Curcuma, Globba, and Zingiber

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red, pink (shown)

Unique Characteristics: flower form is distinctive, with a long-lasting, shiny flower head. Submerging entire stem and flower for 15-20 minutes in lukewarm water will restore appearance if dehydrated.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Thick flower stem provides up to 36 inches of length. Stem creates strong vertical or horizontal lines that work best in contemporary or architectural designs in combination with other tropical flowers.

Longevity: weeks 2-3

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Genus Name (Latin): Alstroemeria

Pronunciation: (al-stre-MEAR-ee-ah)

Species Name (Latin): hoemantha, pelegrina, others and hybrids

Common Name: Alstroemeria, Peruvian Lily, Inca Lily, Lily-of-the-Incas

Family Name (Latin and Common): Alstromeriaceae, the Alstroemeria family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white (shown), yellow, pink, and purple, with most varieties being streaked or freckled with colors

Unique Characteristics: Long-lasting flowers in a variety of colors make this an attractive option for many uses; flower is ethylene sensitive.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Sleek stem with trumpet-shaped flowers is a good specimen for creating the topiary standard.

Longevity: days 12-15

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Genus Name (Latin): Amaranthus

Pronunciation: (am-a-RAN-thus)

Species Name (Latin): caudatus

Common Name: Amaranthus, Love-Lies-Bleeding, Tassel Flower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaranthaceae, the Amaranth family

Related Family Members in Book: Celosia, Gomphrena

Availability: commercial product: July-October

Color: red

Unique Characteristics: Inflorescence will air-dry well, losing only slight color and many small seeds.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) (texture) Displays a coarse appearance in pendent panicles, and serves as a useful material for adding vertical lines of textural interest; works well in combination with autumnal-colored flowers.

Longevity: days 6-10 or longer

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Genus Name (Latin): Amaranthus

Pronunciation: (am-a-RAN-thus)

Species Name (Latin): caudatus 'Viridis'

Common Name: Amaranthus, Love-LiesBleeding, Tassel Flower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaranthaceae, the Amaranth family

Related Family Members in Book: Celosia, Gomphrena

Availability: commercial product: July-October

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Inflorescence will air-dry well, losing only some color and many seeds.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) (texture) Displays a coarse appearance in pendent panicles, and works well along container edges, arching armatures, or any position from which the flowers can freely be suspended. Sometimes can also be a useful filler.

Longevity: days 6-10 or longer

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Genus Name (Latin): Amaryllis

Pronunciation: (am-a-RIL-is)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Belladonna Lily, Naked Lady Lily, Cape Belladonna

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllis family

Related Family Members in Book: Agapanthus, Allium, Narcissus, Nerine, and Triteleia

Availability: Commercial product has limited availability: May-November

Color: pinks, red, and white

Unique Characteristics: Stem is hollow with trumpet-shaped flowers, 2-3 inches across.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Trumpet-shaped flowers on hollow stem provide strong vertical line. Stem is well suited for parallel and vegetative systems of design.

Longevity: days 7-14, with individual florets continuing to open

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Genus Name (Latin): Ammi

Pronunciation: (AM-mee)

Species Name (Latin): majus

Common Name: Queen Anne's Lace, Bishop's Weed

Family Name (Latin and Common): Apiaceae, the Parsley or Carrot family

Related Family Members in Book: Anethum, Buplearum, Eryngium, and Trachymene

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Form is similar to dill and to species of wild carrot

Design Applications: (large) (filler flower) Airy flower heads work well in mass arrangements.

Longevity: days 3-5

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Genus Name (Latin): Ananas

Pronunciation: (a-NAN-as; a-NAY-nas)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Dwarf Ornamental Pineapple

Family Name (Latin and Common): Bromeliaceae, the Bromelia or Pineapple family

Related Family Members in Book: Aechmea, Guimania, and Tillandsia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white and pink variegated

Unique Characteristics: Form resembles edible pineapple.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Serves as an excellent choice for Hawaiian theme designs. Size allows for varying scaled arrangements; works best in combination with tropical flowers.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Ananas

Pronunciation: (a-NAN-as; a-NAY-nas)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Ornamental Pineapple

Family Name (Latin and Common): Bromeliaceae, the Bromelia or Pineapple family

Related Family Members in Book: Aechmea, Guimania, and Tillandsia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white and pink variegated

Unique Characteristics: Form resembles edible pineapple.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Serves as an excellent choice for Hawaiian theme designs. Size allows for varying scaled arrangements; works best in combination with tropical flowers.

Longevity: weeks 1-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Anemone

Pronunciation: (a-NEM-oh-nee)

Species Name (Latin): coronaria cultivar; others and hybrids

Common Name: Anemone, Poppy Anemone, Windflower, Lily-of-the-Field, (florists anemone)

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ranunculaceae, the Crowfoot or Buttercup family

Related Family Members in Book: Clematis, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella, and Ra nunculas

Availability: commercial product: October-May

Color: purple, dark blue, pink, red (shown), and white

Unique Characteristics: Some Anemones are phototropic, or bend toward light; prefers cooler temperatures.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Bold colored petals surrounding a solid black center make a dramatic statement. Nice specimen to use in massed bunches.

Longevity: days 3-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Anemone

Pronunciation: (a-NEM-oh-nee)

Species Name (Latin): x hybrida, others and cultivars

Common Name: Japanese Anemone

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ranunculaceae, the Crowfoot or Buttercup family

Related Family Members in Book: Clematis, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella, and Ra nunculas Availability: Landscape plant is limited as a cut flower.

Color: white (shown), rose, and crimson

Unique Characteristics: Plant is phototropic, or bends toward light. Longevity is best when the flower is cut from the plant during early-morning hours.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Multiple buds on stem work well as a filler flower; nice choice for mixed garden bouquets.

Longevity: days 5-7 or longer

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Genus Name (Latin): Anethum

Pronunciation: (a-NAY-thum)

Species Name (Latin): graveolens

Common Name: Dill

Family Name (Latin and Common): Apiaceae, the Parsley or Carrot family

Related Family Members in Book: Ammi, Buplearum, Eryngium, and Trachymene

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Flower form is similar in appearance to Queen Ann's Lace, on stems often 30-36 inches long. Used in cooking because the plant has a strong scent.

Design Applications: (large) (filler flower) Yellow-green color, combined with its significance as an herb, works well with designs created using fresh vegetables; also is a nice choice for filler flower in mass arrangements; especially useful in parallel designs.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Anigozanthus

Pronunciation: (a-nee-go-ZAN-thus) Species Name (Latin): favidus, pulcherrimus, rufus, others and cultivars

Common Name: Kangaroo Paw

Family Name (Latin and Common): Hoemodoraceae, the Bloodwort family

Related Family Members in Book: none Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red, yellow, and green

Unique Characteristics: Flower air-dries easily and is hirsute.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Unique appearance works well with grasses and other exotics.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Anthurium

Pronunciation: (an-THEW-ree-um)

Species Name (Latin): andreanum hybrid; many others

Common Name: Anthurium, Flamingo Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Caladium, Monstera, Philodendron, and Zontedeschia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red (shown), pink, purple, and white

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; color is in the spathe; has a waxy-looking surface; and is best if stored above 45[degrees]F and misted often with water.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Distinctive sleek, heart-shaped form provides instant drama; works best in combination with other tropical or exotic flowers.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Anthurium

Pronunciation: (an-THEW-ree-um)

Species Name (Latin): andreanum hybrid; many others

Common Name: Anthurium, Flamingo Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Caladium, Monstera, Philodendron, and Zontedeschia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: white with pink venation (shown), red, purple, and white

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; color is in the spathe; has a waxy-looking surface; and is best if stored above 45[degrees]F and misted often with water.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Distinctive sleek, heart-shaped form provides instant drama; works best in combination with other tropical or exotic flowers.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Anthurium

Pronunciation: (an-THEW-ree-um)

Species Name (Latin): andreanum hybrid; many others

Common Name: Anthurium, flamingo Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Caladium, Monstera, Philodendron, and Zantedeschia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red mottled white (shown), red, purple, pink, and white

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive; color is in the spathe; has a waxy-looking surface; and is best if stored above 45[degrees]F and misted often with water.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Distinctive sleek heart-shaped flower provides instant drama; works best with other tropical and exotic flowers.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Anthurium

Pronunciation: (an-THEW-ree-um)

Species Name (Latin): andreanum hybrid; many others

Common Name: Anthurium, flamingo Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Caladium, Monstera, Philodendron, and Zantedeschia

Availability: commercial product: year-round Color: red (shown), purple, white, red and white mottled

Unique Characteristics: Form is distinctive and miniature in size at 3 inches across; color is in the spathe; has a waxy-looking surface; and is best if stored above 45[degrees]F and misted often with water.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Distinctive sleek heart-shaped flower provides instant drama; works best with other tropical and exotic flowers.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Anthurium

Pronunciation: (an-THEW-ree-um)

Species Name (Latin): 'Krypton'

Common Name: Anthurium, Flamingo Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Caladium, Monstera, Philodendron, and Zontedeschia

Availability: greenhouse plant: year-round

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: flower form is distinctive and miniature in size at 1-2 inches across; works well as an accent plant and for cut flowers and foliage use.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Smaller size than traditional Anthurium, this flower is an excellent choice for unusual corsages, boutonnieres, and bridal bouquets as well as container designs.

Longevity: days 10-14 as cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Anthurium

Pronunciation: (an-THEW-ree-um) Species Name (Latin): andreanum hybrid; many others

Common Name: Anthurium, Flamingo Lily

Family Name (Latin and Common): Araceae, the Arum family

Related Family Members in Book: Caladium, Monstera, Philodendron, and Zontedeschia

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: purple

Unique Characteristics: form is distinctive, as the heart-shaped leaf (spathe) of this hybrid is reflexed; best if stored above 45[degrees]F and misted often with water.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Flower is best used in combination with other exotics or in mass by itself; it is often used in contemporary or geometric styles.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

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Genus Name (Latin): Antirrhinum

Pronunciation: (an-tee-RYE-num)

Species Name (Latin): majus cultivar; many others

Common Name: Snapdragon

Family Name (Latin and Common): Scrophulariaceae, the Figwort family

Related Family Members in Book: Digitalis, Leucophyllum, Penstemon, and Veronica

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: pink (shown), white, yellow, purple, and orange

Unique Characteristics: Flower stem is geotropic in that stems bend away from gravity. Store in vertical position to avoid curvature. Individual florets "snap" when gently squeezed. Most varieties have sweet fragrance. Due to ethylene sensitivity, avoid prolonged packaging in airtight containers.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Serves as an excellent choice for arty style of design.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Aquilegia

Pronunciation: (ak-wi-LEE-ji-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Columbine

Family Name (Latin and Common): Ranunculaceae, the Crowfoot or Buttercup family

Related Family Members in Book: Aconitum, Anemone, Clematis, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella, and Ra nunculas

Availability: Landscape plant has varied commercial availability as a cut flower, April-September.

Color: red-yellow bicolor (shown), blue, pink, purple, yellow, and white (all predominantly bicolor)

Unique Characteristics: Flower form often contains spurred petals.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Distinctive hooks or spurs on petals and unique flower shape are excellent additions to vegetative or garden-style designs.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Arachnis

Pronunciation: (a-RAK-nis)

Species Name (Latin): hybrids

Common Name: Arachnis, Spider Orchid, Scorpion Orchid

Family Name (Latin and Common): Orchidaceae, the Orchid family

Related Family Members in Book: Cattleya, Dendrobium, Oncidium, Paphiopedilum, Cymbidium, Phalaenopsis, and Vanda

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: red

Unique Characteristics: flower form has the appearance of a spider; and sometimes is fragrant.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Serves as an excellent choice for adding drama, and is most effective if allowed enough space to display its unique character.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Asclepias

Pronunciation: (as-KLEE-pee-us)

Species Name (Latin): tuberosa Common Name: Asclepias, Indian Paintbrush, Butterfly Weed

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asclepiadaceae, the Milkweed family

Related Family Members in Book: Stephanotis, Tweedia

Availability: commercial product: year-round, with peak supplies from June- September

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: Stem exudes milky sap. Dipping stems into hot water upon cutting deters continual sap flow.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Clusters of umbellate florets continue to open, creates visual weight. Provides an excellent color mass when placed in focal zone.

Longevity: days 3-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Asclepias

Pronunciation: (as-KLEE-pee-us)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Asclepias pods

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asclepiadaceae, the Milkweed family

Related Family Members in Book: Stephanotis, Tweedia

Availability: commercial product: varies, late summer-early fall

Color: green (light)

Unique Characteristics: Hairy, densely covered, multiple pods are attached to the stem.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Use in designs where unusual form is highly visible.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Aster

Pronunciation: (AS-ter)

Species Name (Latin): ericoides 'Monte Cassino'

Common Name: Monte Cassino Aster

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Calendula, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Helianthus, Liatris, Solidago, Tagetes, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: June-September

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Flower has prominent yellow center.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Daisylike flowers lend themselves to garden-style designs; flowers are useful as filler.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Aster

Pronunciation: (AS-ten)

Species Name (Latin): novi-belgii

Common Name: Novi-Belgii Aster

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Calendula, Centau rea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Helianthus, Liatris, Solidago, lagetes, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: July-December

Color: violet

Unique Characteristics: flower has prominent yellow center.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Daisylike flowers lend themselves to garden-style designs. This type works well in combination with shades of pink and deep purple, as a useful filler.

Longevity: days 7-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Astilbe

Pronunciation: (a-STIL-bee)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Astilbe, False Spiraea, Goat's Beard, Meadowsweet

Family Name (Latin and Common): gaceae, the Saxifrage family

Related Family Members in Book: Heuthera

Availability: commercial product: March-December

Color: pinks, red, and white

Unique Characteristics: flower form is pyramidal, with a feathery texture; florists astilbes are likely to be hybrids.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Unique filler will also add mass; works well in combination with other spring flowers.

Longevity: days 4-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Banksia

Pronunciation: (BANK-see-uh)

Species Name (Latin): coccinea

Common Name: Scarlet Banksia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Protea, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: December-April

Color: orange with gray undertones

Unique Characteristics: Inflorescence (flower) is actually several hundred tiny flowers; the combination of colors and texture within the specimen is unique to the species; air-dries well after removing from water source.

Design Applications: (medium) (form flower) Focal zones are the ideal location for all Banksia. Serves as an excellent choice for adding accent.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Banksia

Pronunciation: (BANK-see-uh)

Species Name (Latin): hookeriana Common Name: Hookeriana Banksia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Protea, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: February-April

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: Flower air-dries well; form is distinctive with base of flower head containing densely matted, short, woolly hairs; more rounded form than other species in book.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) This dramatic flower works well for focal zones. Foliage can also be used by itself for adding interest.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Banksia

Pronunciation: (BANK-see-uh)

Species Name (Latin): menziesii

Common Name: Raspberry Frost Banksia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Protea, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: August-April

Color: green-yellow with pale pink center

Unique Characteristics: flower air-dries well; form is distinctive, with base of flower head containing densely matted, short, woolly hairs.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Flower lends itself to focal zone placement. Unique foliage creates striking texture.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Banksia

Pronunciation: (BANK-see-uh)

Species Name (Latin): prionotes

Common Name: Acorn Banksia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Protea, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: May-October Color: orange, with top portion much lighter

Unique Characteristics: flower air-dries well; flower form is woolly and can be more elongated than other Banksia listed in this book.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Dramatic flower adds accent like other Banksia. Foliage provides excellent textural interest.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Banksia

Pronunciation: (BANK-see-uh)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Banksia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Protea, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellowish-orange

Unique Characteristics: Flower air-dries well. Design Applications: (large) (form flower) (accent) Like most Banksia, focal-point placements are most dramatic. Excellent choice for adding accent.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Banksia

Pronunciation: (BANK-see-uh)

Species Name (Latin): speciosa

Common Name: Banksia, Rick Rack

Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family

Related Family Members in Book: Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Protea, Serruria, and Telopea

Availability: commercial product: March-August

Color: green (light)

Unique Characteristics: Color

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Serves as an excellent choice for accent, working uniquely well with ornamental grasses.

Longevity: weeks 2-3 long lasting

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Genus Name (Latin): Begonia

Pronunciation: (bee-GO-nee-uh)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Tuberous Begonia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Begoniaceae, the Begonia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: Greenhouse plant has varied commercial availability.

Color: pink white, yellow, orange, red, and apricot

Unique Characteristics: flowers vary among cultivars with interesting combinations of foliage.

Design Applications: (medium) (form) Flowering plant is useful for adding accent to European gardens and containerized plantings.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Begonia

Pronunciation: (bee-GO-nee-uh)

Species Name (Latin): x semperflorenscultorum hybrid

Common Name: Begonia (double)

Family Name (Latin and Common): Begoniaceae, the Begonia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: Landscape plant has varied availability during spring and summer.

Color: pinks, reds, and white

Unique Characteristics: Foliage looks waxy; has a double petal flower. Typically used as a bedding plant.

Design Applications: (small) (form) Plant is a good choice for adding textural contrast in European gardens or other containerized plantings.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Begonia

Pronunciation: (bee-GO-nee-uh)

Species Name (Latin): x semperflorenscultorum hybrid

Common Name: Begonia (single)

Family Name (Latin and Common): Begoniaceae, the Begonia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: Landscape plant has varied availability during spring and summer.

Color: reds, pinks, and white

Unique Characteristics: Foliage looks waxy; flower has a yellow center; typically used as a bedding plant.

Design Applications: (small) (form) Plant is a good choice for adding textural contrast in European gardens or other containerized plantings.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Boronia

Pronunciation: (bor-OH-nee-uh)

Species Name (Latin): heterophylla

Common Name: Boronia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rutaceae, the Rue family.

Related Family Members in Book: Diosma

Availability: commercial product: January-May

Color: hot pink

Unique Characteristics: Color is bold, and so works well in combination with other pinks or contrasting colors. Flower has a unique citruslike fragrance, and is ethylene sensitive.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Unique texture and bold color of this filler work well in traditional or contemporary designs.

Longevity: days 5-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Bougainvillea

Pronunciation: (boo-gin-vil-EE-ah)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Bougainvillea

Family Name (Latin and Common): Nyctaginaceae, the Four-d clock family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: Landscape plant has limited availability during spring and summer as a cut flower.

Color: magenta, light purple, yellow, and white

Unique Characteristics: Colorful bracts are paperlike.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Known for its bright colors, the trailing habit works well in tropical or exotic designs.

Longevity: days 3-4 as a cut flower

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Genus Name (Latin): Bouvardia

Pronunciation: (boo-VAR-dee-uh)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Bouvardia (double)

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rubiaceae, the Madder family

Related Family Members in Book: Gardenia, Pentas

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: pink, white

Unique Characteristics: flower head has double-petaled, star-shaped florets; longevity is best if used in clear water, not floral foam; this flower is ethylene sensitive.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Cluster of florets is useful for adding mass; works uniquely well in hand-tied bouquets.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Bouvardia

Pronunciation: (boo-VAR-dee-uh)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Bouvardia (single)

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rubiaceae, the Madder family

Related Family Members in Book: Gardenia, Pentas

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: pink, white

Unique Characteristics: Flower head has delicate star-shaped florets that create almost a flat-top appearance; longevity is best if used in clear water, not floral foam; this flower is ethylene sensitive.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Cluster of florets is useful for adding mass; works uniquely well in hand-tied bouquets.

Longevity: days 10-14

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Genus Name (Latin): Bracteantha syn. Helichrysum bracteatum

Pronunciation: (brak-tee-ANTH-a)

Species Name (Latin): bracteata cultivar

Common Name: Strawflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artem isia, Aster, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinops, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: varies October-November

Color: yellow, orange, white, red, and pink

Unique Characteristics: Flower air-dries well, and has strawlike appearance. Stem stays strong on fresh flower but will need wire support when it becomes dry.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Serves as an excellent choice for adding texture to autumnal bouquets; and is useful as a mass flower in mixed arrangements.

Longevity: days 4-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Brassica

Pronunciation: (BRASS-i-kuh)

Species Name (Latin): oleracea cultivar

Common Name: Ornamental Kale, Wild Cabbage

Family Name (Latin and Common): Brassicaceae, the Mustard family

Related Family Members in Book: Lunaria, Matthiola

Availability: Landscape plant has varied commercial availability.

Color: white, pinks, and red-purple

Unique Characteristics: Foliage has rosette form, with some containing ruffled or feathery margins.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Rosettes work as "flowers" in temporary landscape displays. Individual leaves add both mass and wonderful texture to any cut-flower design.

Longevity: varies as a cut foliage; weeks when used as a bedding plant, if temperatures remain cool

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Genus Name (Latin): Brugmansia

Pronunciation: (brug-MAN-zee-a)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: AngeVs Trumpets

Family Name (Latin and Common): Solanaceae, the Nightshade family

Related Family Members in Book: Capsicum, Physalis

Availability: varies commercially as a greenhouse or bedding plant

Color: white (shown), yellow, orange, and pink

Unique Characteristics: Plant is fragrant at night; has pendent, tubular, trumpet-shaped flowers.

Design Applications: (large) (form) Serves as an excellent choice for adding accent to containerized gardens.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Buddleia

Pronunciation: (BUD-lee-uh)

Species Name (Latin): davidii cultivar

Common Name: Butterfly Bush

Family Name (Latin and Common): Loganiaceae, the Logania family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: varies June-August

Color: lilac (shown), white, magenta

Unique Characteristics: Plant is fragrant, and has a conical panicle. It is a favorite of butterflies.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Unique slender flower works well with boldcolored summer flowers.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Bupleurum

Pronunciation: (bu-PLUR-um)

Species Name (Latin): rotundifolium

Common Name: Bupleurum, Thoroughwax

Family Name (Latin and Common): Apiaceae, the Parsley or Carrot family

Related Family Members in Book: Ammi, Anethum, Eryngium, and Trachymene

Availability: commercial product: varies year-round

Color: green

Unique Characteristics: Color and form are distinctive.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Serves as an excellent choice for combining with hot pink and deep purple in vibrant color combinations.

Longevity: days 4-7

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Genus Name (Latin): Calathea

Pronunciation: (kal-uh-THEE-uh)

Species Name (Latin): lancifolia, others

Common Name: Rattlesnake

Family Name (Latin and Common): Marantaceae, the Maranta or Arrowroot family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: yellow, green (shown), and white

Unique Characteristics: flower form is distinctive.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Form is best used to add accent; sometimes is useful for line material. Serves as a good choice for contemporary designs, and works best with other exotic or tropical flowers.

Longevity: days 7-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Calendula

Pronunciation: (ka-LEN-dew-la)

Species Name (Latin): officinalis cultivar

Common Name: Pot Marigold

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: May-September

Color: orange (shown), yellow, gold, cream, and apricot

Unique Characteristics: popular and durable as a bedding plant for cutting gardens.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Bold color works well in combination with other summer flowers.

Longevity: days 5-7

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Callicarpa

Pronunciation: (kal-i-KAR-pa)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Beautyberry

Family Name (Latin and Common): Verbeniaceae, the Verbena family

Related Family Members in Book: Lantana, Verbena

Availability: Landscape plant has varied commercial availability during September-October as a cut flower

Color: violet-purple

Unique Characteristics: Color of clustered fruit is distinctive.

Design Applications: (small) (form flower) Unique clustered berry adds accent. Berry is excellent choice in combination with autumnal color collections.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Callistephus

Pronunciation: (ka-LIS-te-fus)

Species Name (Latin): chinensis 'Matsumoto'

Common Name: Matsumoto Aster

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helianthus, Lia Iris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: June-September

Color: pink, purple

Unique Characteristics: Colors are bold with yellow centers; lateral stems are often long enough to use individually.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Flowers are useful in mixed or bold-colored bouquets, and are a good candidate for paveing technique.

Longevity: days 5-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Callistephus

Pronunciation: (ka-LIS-te-fus)

Species Name (Latin): chinensis cultivar

Common Name: Mini Matsumoto Aster

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: June-September

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Color is distinctive. Long lateral stems can be used individually or as a full stem.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Excellent form works well with other bold summer flowers, and is a nice candidate for use in monochromatic color combinations.

Longevity: days 5-10

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Camellia

Pronunciation: (ka-MEEL-ya; ka-MEEL-i-a)

Species Name (Latin): spp.

Common Name: Camellia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Theaceae, the Tea family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: Landscape plant has limited cut flower availability.

Color: white, pink, and red

Unique Characteristics: Fragrance is wonderful.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Flowers can be floated in water, and sometimes used for corsage work.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Campanula

Pronunciation: (kam-PAN-yew-la)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Canterbury Bells

Family Name (Latin and Common): Campanulaceae, the Bellflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Trachelium

Availability: commercial product: April-August

Color: white, light purple (shown)

Unique Characteristics: Flower is bell-shaped.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Depending on the shape of the stem, this flower is useful as a line or filler flower.

Longevity: days 5-7

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Capsicum

Pronunciation: (KAP-si-kum)

Species Name (Latin): annuum cultivar

Common Name: Ornamental Pepper

Family Name (Latin and Common): Solanaceae, the Nightshade family

Related Family Members in Book: Brugmansia, Physalis

Availability: Commercial availability varies year-round as a cut flower and greenhouse plant.

Color: reds (shown), yellows, purple, pink, and green

Unique Characteristics: Species has an assortment of colors and shapes. Fruits change color with stages of maturity.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) This unique plant adds texture, and is useful sometimes as filler. Works well grouped in mass, and also is a good choice for containerized gardens.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Carthamus

Pronunciation: (CAR-tha-mus)

Species Name (Latin): tinctorius

Common Name: Safflower, False Saffron

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Bracteantha, Calendula, Callistephus, Chrysanthemum, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, lagetes, and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: June-November

Color: orange

Unique Characteristics: flower air-dries well upside down, retaining much of its color in both flower and foliage. Lateral stems can be used individually.

Design Applications: (medium) (filler flower) Distinctive flower form provides good texture.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Catalpa

Pronunciation: (ka-TAL-pa)

Species Name (Latin): bignonoides

Common Name: Southern Catalpa, Indian Bean Tree

Family Name (Latin and Common): Bignoniaceae, the Bignonia family

Related Family Members in Book: none

Availability: Landscape plant is not available commercially as a cut flower.

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: flower cluster is large and fragrant.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Adds visual mass to arrangements.

Longevity: varies

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Catharanthus syn. Vinca rosea

Pronunciation: (ka-tha-RAN-thus)

Species Name (Latin): roseus 'Parasol'

Common Name: Vinca, Madagascar Periwinkle

Related Family Members in Book: none

Family Name (Latin and Common): Apocynaceae, the Dogbane family

Availability: Landscape plant has varied commercial availability.

Color: white (shown) and pinks

Unique Characteristics: Plant is durable.

Design Applications: (small) (mass flower) Provides interesting mass to container gardens, window boxes, and useful as a potted plant for display or staging.

Longevity: varies

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Genus Name (Latin): Cattleya

Pronunciation: (KAT-lee-a)

Species Name (Latin): many species, hybrids, and cultivars

Common Name: Cattleya

Family Name (Latin and Common): Orchidaceae, the Orchid family

Related Family Members in Book: Arachnis, Cymbidium, Dendrobium, Oncidium, Paphiopedilum, Phalaenopsis, and Vanda.

Availability: commercial product: year-round

Color: many

Unique Characteristics: Flower form is distinctive.

Design Applications: (large) (form flower) Blossom is used extensively in bridal work and body flower designs.

Longevity: days 6-10

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Genus Name (Latin): Celastrus

Pronunciation: (see-LAS-trus)

Species Name (Latin): scanderas

Common Name: American Bittersweet

Family Name (Latin and Common): Celastraceae, the Staff-Tree family

Related Family Members in Book: Euonymus

Availability: commercial product: varies September-October

Color: orange-yellow

Unique Characteristics: Fruit air-dries with slight shrinkage. Capsules open with red seeds; and sometimes are available commercially on long vines as a perishable product or dried material.

Design Applications: (small) (accent) Berry has an interesting coloration and form. Serves as an excellent choice for adding texture and interest to autumnal door decor and everyday designs.

Longevity: long lasting

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Celosia

Pronunciation: (see-LO-shi-a; see-LO-si-a)

Species Name (Latin): argentea cultivar (Cristata group)

Common Name: Cockscomb, Crested Cockscomb

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaranthaceae, the Amaranth family

Related Family Members in Book: Amaranthus, Gomphrena

Availability: commercial product: June-October Color: pink (shown), red, yellow, purple, cerise

Unique Characteristics: Colors are strong and form is distinctive. Plant is often called the "brain" flower. It can be air-dried and other colors are available.

Design Applications: (large) (form and mass flower) Unique form works well in the focal zone with the heavy appearance adding visual mass.

Longevity: days 5-7 or longer

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Genus Name (Latin): Celosia

Pronunciation: (see-LO-shi-a; see-LO-see-a)

Species Name (Latin): argentea 'Apricot

Brandy' (Plumosa group)

Common Name: Cockscomb, Plume Cockscomb

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaranthaceae, the Amaranth family

Related Family Members in Book: Amaranthus, Gomphrena

Availability: commercial product: June-October Color: orange, red (shown), yellow, pink

Unique Characteristics: Form has feathery plumes. Other colors are available as annual bedding plants and are often bold. Can be air-dried.

Design Applications: (medium) (mass flower) Bold-colored feathery appearance is nice in combination with other summer flowers. Large flower heads add mass.

Longevity: days 5-7 or longer

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Genus Name (Latin): Celosia

Pronunciation: (see-LO-shi-a; see-LO-see-a)

Species Name (Latin): spicata

Common Name: Wheat Celosia

Family Name (Latin and Common): Amaranthaceae, the Amaranth family

Related Family Members in Book: Amaranthus, Gomphrena

Availability: commercial product: June-October

Color: pink

Unique Characteristics: Flower has spiked form with white base leading to tip of color. Stems typically contain long, laterals; can be air-dried.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Spike form adds accent to large- and small-scale designs and provides excellent texture.

Longevity: weeks 1-2

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Centaurea

Pronunciation: (sen-ta-REE-ah; sen-TA-ree-ah)

Species Name (Latin): cyanus cultivar

Common Name: Bachelor's Button, Cornflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: April-August

Color: blue, pink (shown), and white

Unique Characteristics: The color, form, and size combination of this flower is uncommon among commercial products.

Design Applications: (small) (filler flower) Adorable filler is excellent for garden-style arrangements.

Longevity: days 5-7

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Genus Name (Latin): Centaurea

Pronunciation: (sen-ta-REE-ah; sen-TA-ree-ah)

Species Name (Latin): macrocephala

Common Name: Yellow Cornflower

Family Name (Latin and Common): Asteraceae, the Composite or Sunflower family

Related Family Members in Book: Achillea, Ageratum, Artemisia, Aster, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Craspedia, Dahlia, Echinacea, Echinops, Gerbera, Helianthus, Liatris, Rudbeckia, Senecio, Solidago, x Solidaster and Zinnia

Availability: commercial product: May-October

Color: yellow

Unique Characteristics: flower form is distinctive, with a solid globe of color.

Design Applications: (large) (mass flower) Size of flower creates visual weight.

Longevity: days 4-6

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Genus Name (Latin): Cercis

Pronunciation: (SUR-cis)

Species Name (Latin): canadensis var. alba

Common Name: Eastern Redbud

Family Name (Latin and Common): Fabaceae, the Pea or Pulse family

Related Family Members in Book: Acacia, Lathyrus, and Wisteria

Availability: Landscape plant has limited commercial availability as a flowering branch in early spring.

Color: white

Unique Characteristics: Flowers are clustered along leafless stem; white is not as common as the pinkish-purple C. canadensis.

Design Applications: (medium) (line flower) Works beautifully in combination with other spring flowers. Branch adds height and length. Serves as a good specimen for Ikebana.

Longevity: varies, depending on bud maturity stage

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Genus Name (Latin): Chaenomeles

Pronunciation: (kee-NOM-eh-lees)

Species Name (Latin): sp.

Common Name: Flowering Quince

Family Name (Latin and Common): Rosaceae, the Rose family

Related Family Members in Book: Cotoneaster Prunus, Pyrancantha, Pyrus, Rosa, and Spiraea.

Availability: Landscape plant has limited commercial availability as a flowering branch during spring.

Color: orange, apricot (shown), red, pink, and white

Unique Characteristics: Leaf is glossy.

Design Applications: (small) (line flower) Glossy dark green foliage with groups of colored blossoms provide a unique line material for Ikebana.

Longevity: varies

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Article Details
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Title Annotation:Part 1: Acacia-Chaenomeles
Author:Scace, Pat Diehl
Publication:The Floral Artist's Guide, A Reference to Cut Flowers and Foliage
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2001
Words:7024
Previous Article:Basics of floral design.
Next Article:Botanical entries: flowers and fruits.
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