Bodel, Jehanor Jean (b. c. 1167, Arras, Artois [France]--d. 1210, Arras)
Jongleur, epic poet, author of fabliaux, and dramatist, whose Jeu de Saint Nicolas, Le ("Play of St. Nicholas") was the first miracle play in French.
Bodel probably held public office in Arras and certainly belonged to one of its puys, or literary confraternities. He planned to go on the Fourth Crusade but, stricken with leprosy, was admitted to a lazar house, where he died. He wrote five pastourelles (four in 1190-94; one in 1199), nine fabliaux (1190-97), La Chanson des Saisnes (before 1200; "Song of the Saxons"), Le Jeu de Saint Nicolas (performed c. 1200), and Les Conges (1202; "Leave-Takings"), his poignant farewell to his friends. Of these works Bodel's Le Jeu had the most lasting importance. It was one of the first of the miracle plays to be written in vernacular verse.