Biology, vitalism, and the "golden era" of continental European parapsychology.
The major positions in biology during that period are reviewed, particularly Neo-Vitalism (Bergson and his elan vital as a philosopher; Driesch and his experiments on sea urchins from the zoological point of view) and its position toward parapsychology. Furthermore, the situation of vitalist biology in Germany is reviewed at the time the Nazis came to power (1933). Also, a few aspects of Nazi ideology--as far as they are pertinent to this sort of biologism--are examined.
The Nazi regime firstly, and subsequently World War II, brought along not only a gap of several years but also a shift in paradigms, psychokinesis replacing telekinesis (which is not merely a change in wording). The details of this shift in paradigms are examined. An answer is given to the question as to why that old paradigm was so tacitly abandoned in favour of the new Rhinean one, whereby not only parapsychological aspects are taken into account but also broader historical, social, and political issues.
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|Publication:||The Journal of Parapsychology|
|Date:||Dec 1, 2001|
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