Best article award for 2001. (Announcements).
The winner of the award for the best article published in Presidential Studies Quarterly in 2001 is William Newmann of Virginia Commonwealth University for his article titled "Causes of Change in National Security Processes: Carter, Reagan, and Bush Decision Making on Arms Control." Newmann offers a fresh, carefully researched examination of national security decision making in the Carter administration's March 1977 Strategic Arms Limitation Talks II proposal, the Reagan administration's initial strategic arms reduction proposal of May 1982, and President Bush's speech of September 1991 that led to the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks. Newmann concentrates on change as a central factor in presidential decision making. He maintains that decision-making structures or management styles are inherently unstable and subject to modification and significant change as the international and domestic political environment, relationships between key advisers, and the president's own strategies and goals evolve and shift. In his examination of the three case studies, Newmann finds that in each instance, the standard interagency processes were seen as inadequate. Carter temporarily abandoned the process and excluded those who objected to his policy; Reagan's National Security Council staff pushed out the standard interagency processes even further. Bush and a few key advisers adapted deeper cuts in nuclear weaponry by again shunning standard interagency channels. Newmann concludes that no matter how well established standard decision-making processes may be, they are always subject to change when time, interests, and the political environment dictate.
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|Publication:||Presidential Studies Quarterly|
|Date:||Dec 1, 2002|
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