Behavior Management 101.
Campers bring many things with them to camp: sleeping bags, clothing, sunscreen, and bug spray. They also bring with them their enthusiasm and their past in the form of their learned behavior. Understand that a week at camp is not expected to cure all behavior problems. However, if you can determine why a camper is behaving in a certain way, you will have clues on how to deal with the behavior and help the camper behave in a more appropriate way.
When working with campers, keep in mind two things:
* Your campers are not mini-adults. Expect them to want to have fun and be active.
* Expect your campers to test their limits; they still, however, want and need limits.
The "Why" Behind the Behavior
Behavior problems surface for many reasons. A camper may be seeking attention or acting out due to being lonely or frustrated. If you can identify the reason for the behavior, you will know better how to handle it. Here are some common roots for behavior problems:
* A desire for recognition/attention: it may be better to be infamous than unknown.
* Frustration: unsatisfied needs or desires often cause children to "lash out."
* Homesickness: being scared and nervous often causes frustration.
* Illness/exhaustion: no one is at their best when they are sick or tired.
* Conflict with another camper/staff member: this often causes people to become defensive.
* Outside conflicts: problems with family, friends, etc., can follow campers to camp.
* Established behavior patterns: lessons learned at home won't be forgotten at camp.
What to Do When Campers Violate the Rules
Inevitably a camper will break a rule or refuse to cooperate. When this happens, keep these suggestions in mind:
* Give the camper one warning; make it clear that the behavior or action was inappropriate and undesirable.
* Give the camper a chance to explain; he may have a good reason for the behavior.
* Be consistent and impartial.
* Stay cool and calm; keep strong emotions in check.
* Avoid lecturing or embarrassing the camper; discipline in private if possible.
* Stress that the camper's behavior is the problem, not the camper's personality. Help the camper identify acceptable alternatives to the problem behavior.
* Once the disciplinary time is over, accept the camper as a part of the group again.
* Follow the camp behavior management policies for continuing discipline problems.
Sometimes it is best to simply ignore behaviors, rather than reward or punish, which may actually provide attention to encourage the behavior. Ignoring behaviors usually works best for campers who seek attention by clowning around.
Other times, giving the camper attention or affection, which has been lacking, may solve the problem. Giving the child some form of responsibility or encouraging a special interest or talent may result in improved behavior. Often the activity, if it is at his/her own physical, emotional, and intellectual level, is enough to correct the situation.
Discipline and dealing with challenging behavior are never easy. Keep an open mind and try to have patience with your campers. If one strategy doesn't work, try another one. Rest assured, though, that if you can work with campers to find the root of a behavior problem, you will have ideas for how to deal with it, which may help bring a smooth road for the remaining camp session. Good luck!
Time-Tested Strategies for Dealing with Challenging Behavior
* Be the kind of person you want your campers to become -- obey the rules yourself!
* Know as many campers as possible by name. Know something about them. Build relationships.
* Be friendly. Always show interest in what individual campers are doing and their progress.
* "One pat on the back is worth two slaps in the face." Praise good qualities and actions.
* A sense of humor is extremely valuable. Use it frequently.
* Maintain your poise at all times. Don't let campers "get to you."
* Don't take misbehavior personally. It is a choice the camper is making.
* Every child has needs; his behavior will give you clues as to what those needs are.
* Keep in mind that misbehavior is seldom willful. Try to find the cause.
* Try to see the camper's side of the situation. Discuss it with him/her until you understand.
* Distract, distract, distract! One of the best methods to control behavior is to keep them busy!
* Show your disapproval of behavior through your speech, facial expressions, and actions.
* Being close when you note a potential problem can keep it from actually occurring.
* Enlist other leaders (peers or staff) to provide role models.
* Allow natural consequences to occur if the results are not too severe.
* Withholding privileges or taking away something a camper likes is usually effective.
* Sending a child to "timeout" allows them time to cool down and think about behavior change.
* Have a group meeting to discuss and resolve generalized problems.
* Remain with your campers during meals and free time.
* Avoid getting campers overtired, keyed-up, or tense.
* Be willing to admit when you're wrong and ask for forgiveness.
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|Article Type:||Brief Article|
|Date:||May 1, 2000|
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