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Before the Kidnappings, There Was the Massacre at Kfar Etzion.

The slaughter on May 13, 1948, by Arab militiamen from nearby villages and Jordanian Legionnaires of dozens of surrendering Jewish troops in Kibbutz Kfar Etzion was probably the biggest Arab massacre of Jews in the first Arab-Israeli war.

A year later, in the early morning hours of the fourth day of Iyar, 5709 (May 3, 1949), the first anniversary, in the Hebrew calendar, of the fall of the kibbutz, Col. Shlomo Goren, the IDF chief rabbi, accompanied by a minyan of young Jerusalemites, held a commemorative service on an Israeli hilltop from which could be seen, in the distance, the ruins of the Etzion Bloc. The "bloc" of four kibbutzimKfar Etzion, Ein Tzurim, Massu'ot Yitzhak, and Revadimhad been established between 1943 and 1947 in the Judaean Hills, amid a cluster of Arab villages in the southern part of the West Bank, which Jordan had occupied in May 1948 and which Israel was to conquer in June 1967. The bloc was located in the heartland of the biblical Land of Israel, between Abraham's Hebron and King David's Bethlehem.

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Author:Morris, Benny
Publication:Tablet Magazine
Date:Jun 25, 2014
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