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BREAST CANCER INCIDENCE LOWER IN IMPLANT PATIENTS THAN GENERAL POPULATION, STUDY SHOWS

 /NOTE TO EDITORS: Dr. Deapen will present the results of the following study to members of the media at 10:45 a.m. Tuesday, Sept. 21, in the media briefing room, room 23, at the New Orleans Convention Center during the ASPRS annual scientific meeting./
 /ADVANCE/ CHICAGO, Sept. 21 /PRNewswire/ -- Results of a new study show that women who received breast implants for cosmetic reasons in Los Angeles County between 1959 and 1980 have an incidence of breast cancer that is far below that of the general population.
 The study, conducted by epidemiologist Dennis Deapen, DrPh, was presented at the annual scientific meeting of the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS) on Tuesday, Sept. 21.
 Dr. Deapen, assistant professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, began the study in 1977. Only women who receive the implants for non- reconstructive reasons and who live in Los Angeles County were included.
 More than 3,100 women were included in the study, which examine medical records of these women from 35 plastic surgeons in the Los Angeles area and compared them with the Los Angeles County Cancer Surveillance Program. The program registers residents of Los Angeles County diagnosed with any type of cancer. All women included in the study were residents of Los Angeles County for the duration of the study period.
 The average age of patients at the time they receive breast implants was 32 years old. The majority, about 86 percent, received silicone gel-filled breast implants. The cancer incidence of all women in the study was tracked for an average of 14.8 years.
 The study showed that the breast-implant patients developed breast cancer at a rate of 66 percent of what would be expected in all women of the same age group. In contrast, the findings showed that the study group developed lung cancer at nearly twice the rate of what would be expected, and developed other kinds of cancer at virtually the same rate as expected.
 An increase in lung cancer can usually be attributed to smoking. However, without a smoking history, which is not available in this population, no conclusions can be drawn about the significance of the increase in lung cancer.
 "Statistically, the breast cancer figure is a significant deficit," said Dr. Deapen. "We've always found a deficit, but it wasn't this dramatic. The study suggests that these women are really experiencing a lower-than-expected incidence of breast cancer."
 In addition, the study said, the breast-implant patients who developed breast cancer were diagnosed in the same stages as all women in that age group. This is significant because if breast cancer were present but undiagnosed, the women would later die of the disease since breast cancer is virtually untreatable in later stages.
 Dr. Deapen pointed out that the reason for the breast cancer deficit in the study group may be related to an overall lifetime low risk of breast cancer in slender, small-breasted women. Some studies have shown that women who have larger breasts have a higher incidence of breast cancer.
 Dr. Deapen also said this study shows that breast implants themselves do not cause breast cancer. Women who have implants should follow recommended preventive methods for early diagnosis and find a physician experienced in using specialized techniques to examine patients who have breast implants.
 -0- 9/22/93
 /CONTACT: Laura Kopulos Asplund of the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, 708-228-9900, ext. 349/


CO: American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons ST: Illinois IN: HEA SU:

TW -- NY063 -- 3673 09/20/93 12:29 EDT
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Date:Sep 20, 1993
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