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Avoid Web site legal risks.

The Internet thrusts many organizations into the unfamiliar business of cyberpublishing--an area fraught with substantial legal risk. In addition, there is a lack of legal precedent for many cyberspace issues. This checklist addresses steps companies can take to protect themselves.

* Immediately register your Web site's domain name--essentially your trademark. Alert your legal department or your attorney if any other organization is using your name. But be aware that the legal issues regarding trademark or service mark protection for domain names have not yet been clearly settled by the courts.

* If you use an outside consultant to develop your Web site, prepare a contract that clearly states who owns it. However, even if one of your own employees creates the Web site, your lawyer should prepare a "work-made-for-hire" contract specifying that the physical pages as well as the intellectual property rights belong to the business.

* If your site uses photos, graphics or multimedia created by someone outside your organization, obtain agreements for their use and provide attribution on the site.

* To protect intellectual property on your Web site, inform visitors of the copyright claim. Although the law no longer requires you to display the copyright to assert a claim, it puts all site visitors on notice that permission is required for distribution of the material.

* If your site publishes copyrighted material from outside your organization, obtain the appropriate releases.

* To maintain some degree of editorial control over the site, appoint a content specialist or Webmaster.

Source: William N. Bockanic, JD, professor of business law, John Carroll University, University Heights, Ohio; Patrick T. Hogan, CPA, PhD, assistant professor of computer and management reformation systems, University of Houston-Downtown, Houston; and Lawrence P. Kalbers, CPA, PhD, professor of accounting and director of the School of Professional Accountancy, Long Island University-C.W. Post Campus, Brookville, New York.
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Title Annotation:checklist
Author:Kalbers, Lawrence P.
Publication:Journal of Accountancy
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Dec 1, 1999
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