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Audubon Wildlife Report.

The fourth annual edition of the "Audubon Wildlife Report," published for the National Audubon Society by Academic Press, Inc., 1250 Sixth Ave., San Diego, Ca 92101-9665, presents an 95-page chapter on its featured Federal agency, the National Marine Fisheries Service, which includes a brief history of the agency origin in 1871 through its evolution to the National Marine Fisheries Service in 1970. In addition, other marine articles in the volume discuss the impact of plastic debris on marine wildlife, and species accounts of the North Atlantic right whale and the west coast's dungeness and king crabs.

The bulk of the chapter on the NMFS, written by A. D. Chandler, a New York consultant who provides analyses of marine-related issues for corporate clients, is a critical look at the recent history of the agency, its management authorities and responsibilities, the MFCMA and other legislative authorities for marine resource management, the marine resources themselves, the agency's organization and administration, a budget overview and more.

The chapter on the right whale presents a basic description of the species Eubalaena glacialis and its natural history, discusses its past and present status, and presents recommendations for future protection and research. Another "species account" presents similar natural history information for the Dungeness and king crabs, along with historical data on the fisheries for them, harvest data, and current population trends cyclic patterns, usually, for the Dungeness crab and depletion of the king crab) and a discussion of crab management and recommendations, including taking another look at the possibility of reevaluating the usefulness of the ban on harvesting female crabs. There is, of course, much more in the publication-discussions of North American waterfowl problems, restoring the Everglades ecosystem, Federal agency wildlife budgets, and other items of broader interest to conservation minded readers.

Two other books published by Academic Press and authored by William F. Royce are "Introduction to the Practice of Fishery Science" and "Fishery Development." Though not written strictly for historical purposes, the author does use historical materials to put his topics in perspective. "Fishery Development;' for example, has a section on the evolution of fishing and its governance which describes ancient practices and laws, stock depletions, and management efforts. Another longer section, "Lessons from the past," discusses various fisheries and their role in development, providing an overview of economic development, a summary of the fisheries, fishing practices, production, and management. That sets the stage for the section on fishery development experiences, with selected case histories and discussions of fish farming and sport fishing, as well as commercial fishing. A final section of the hardbound, 248-page book suggests future strategies to overcome constraints on fishery development.

The 428-page hardbound volume on fishery science likewise has some, but fewer, historical references, being primarily a textbook that is divided into three basic sections: First, a discussion of the profession of fisheries science and what it entails; then an introduction to the traditional sciences that apply to the fish and their environment; and, finally, a discussion of current fishery problems in several primary areas and the ways that scientists are coping with
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Copyright 1988 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Publication:Marine Fisheries Review
Article Type:Book Review
Date:Sep 22, 1988
Words:513
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