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Attacks on the press.

Each year, the New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists compiles a comprehensive report that details attacks on the press worldwide, whether it be killings, jailings, arrests, assaults, censorship or threats. Below, a sampling of the 1,300 incidents included in its 1992 edition.

Saudi Arabia, January through June

Sales of Newsweek were banned in retaliation for a story about a member of the royal family.

Venezuela, March 19

Maria Tessari, a reporter for a Colombian news outlet, was among journalists attacked by police while covering a Caracas demonstration. Her skull was fractured, and she died in January of complications from her injuries.

Kenya, March 24

Manoah Esipisu, a Reuters correspondent, was detained by police for 10 hours and questioned about his reporting on political unrest in the country.

Bosnia-Herzegovina, April 9

Kjasif Smajlovic, a correspondent for a Sarajevo daily, was killed in his office by Serbian soldiers, according to his newspaper.

North Korea, May 4

Two Japanese reporters and a Washington Post correspondent were detained and interrogated after visiting a Pyongyang slum that was not part of the "official" tour.

India, May 18

M.L. Manchanda, director of All India Radio, was abducted and later beheaded by a militant organization, partly because the station broadcast in Hindi rather than the local language of Punjabi.

Turkey, June 8

Hafiz Akdemir, a correspondent for the daily Ozgur Gundem, was shot with a single bullet in the head while on his way home from work. He had received threatening phone calls after writing articles about Turkish counter-guerrillas and the Islamic organization Hezbollah.

Peru, August 19

UPI's Lima office was attacked by leftist guerrillas. The correspondent was forced to write a propaganda cable and threatened.

Turkey, September 20

Musa Anter, a prominent Kurdish writer and columnist, was killed in Diyarbakir. Lured from his hotel by a caller who asked for help settling a property dispute, he and a friend hailed a cab. When they suspected a trap, they demanded to be let out. The driver also got out and began shooting. Anter was struck by four bullets.

Kuwait, October 11

The editor and a reporter of the independent daily Al-Qabas were detained. The editor was fined and the reporter jailed overnight on charges they libeled the former Minister of Information by publishing articles that criticized him.

Algeria, October 17

Ennour, an independent Arabic-language weekly, was closed indefinitely by the Ministry of Culture and Communications for defaming state institutions.

El Salvador, October 30

A right-wing death squad vowed to kill all journalists in the country.

China, late 1992

Wang Jun of the Xinhua news agency was charged with providing a Hong Kong reporter with an advance copy of a party official's speech. One source says he received a 15-year sentence.
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Title Annotation:excerpts from annual report of worldwide attacks on journalists by New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists
Publication:American Journalism Review
Date:Jun 1, 1993
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