Atje, Raymond, Linda Christanty, Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan, and Kurnya Roesad, 2001, Hutan sebagai asset strategis.
Forests constitute an important natural resource for the Indonesian economy. However, it seems that this form of exploitation is not sustainable in the long term. According to recent estimates, Indonesia's forest area has decreased by 1.8 million hectares per annum between 1995 and 1997. At this rate, the forest in several areas will cease to be a viable economic resource within a few years. The economic crisis which struck Indonesia in 1997 has opened the door to structural reform in the forestry sector. Unfortunately, the reform process is hampered by several factors. In the first place, the multidimensional nature of the economic crisis provides insufficient leeway for formulation of policies in which forestry issues have high priority. Tackling forestry issues is only feasible in the wider context of economic and institutional reform. Second, a long-term perspective is needed for an effective biodiversity conservation policy. So far, policy-making has been dominated by short-term economic considerations. Reform measures are also significantly slowed down because of the different interests of the various stakeholders in the forestry sector, differences which are often exacerbated by decentralization measures. In this article, the authors also discuss a CSIS research project on forestry policies which focuses on the effects of the economic crisis on legal reform and institution-building in the forestry sector; a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the impact of the crisis on the sector; and the role of economic incentives and the decentralization process in sustainable forestry management. (EI, Ewald Ebing)
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|Publication:||Borneo Research Bulletin|
|Article Type:||Brief Article|
|Date:||Jan 2, 2002|
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