Athenaeum, The Influential literary and critical journal, founded in London by James S. Buckingham. A successor to a general monthly magazine of the same name (published 1807-09), The Athenaeum appeared weekly from Jan. 2, 1828, until Feb. 11, 1921, when it merged with TheNation. Published for the next 10 years as The Nation and Athenaeum , the journal was absorbed in 1931 by The New Statesman .
Subtitled "A Journal of Literature, Science, the Fine Arts, Music, and the Drama," The Athenaeum sought to be considered the literary and intellectual forum through which the best contemporary intellectuals, poets, and writers could present their ideas.
Among contributors in the 19th century were Robert Browning, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Hood, Charles Lamb, and Walter Pater. Twentieth-century contributors included T.S. Eliot, Robert Graves, Thomas Hardy, Katherine Mansfield, John Middleton Murry (also editor, 1919-21), and Virginia Woolf.