Assessment of a new training model for the reduction of non-contact ACL injuries in female athletes.
ASSESSMENT OF A NEW TRAINING MODEL FOR THE REDUCTION OF NON-CONTACT ACL INJURIES IN FEMALE ATHLETES. TAYLOR PRICE, CORAL GUBLER, AND JEAN IRION, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH ALABAMA, MOBILE, AL, 36688.
Anterior Cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are common in sports that involve cutting, jumping and pivoting. Injuries occur in both sexes however, non-contact injuries are more common in women than men. Although ACL injury prevention programs (PEP ACL, Sportsmetrics, and FIFA's the 11) exist, no one program addresses all suspected predisposing factors of injury. Therefore the purpose of this study was to determine whether a training program, developed by combining aspects of existing programs, would affect suspected factors of ACL injury. Methods: Soccer and volleyball athletes at the University of South Alabama were tested pre and post season for 2 known risk factors; knee strength imbalances and landing mechanics. Hamstring and quadriceps 5 repetition maximum and drop box vertical jumps were recorded and used to determine hamstring to quadriceps ratio and landing mechanics such as maximum hip flexion, knee flexion and knee valgus. Training occurred in both pre-season and in-season conditioning and included neuromuscular, plyometrics and proprioceptive exercises. Results: A total of 32 athletes were tested pre-season, and 17 retested post-season. A significant decrease in knee valgus during landing was observed. The right leg hamstring to quadriceps strength ratio improved (p = 0.053). Conclusion: A sport specific neuromuscular training program that includes neuromuscular, plyometrics and proprioceptive components may reduce the risk of ACL injuries among female athletes who participate in pivoting sports
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|Title Annotation:||Health Sciences Paper Abstracts; anterior cruciate ligament|
|Publication:||Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science|
|Date:||Apr 1, 2014|
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