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Artistry with bricks.

Besides a solid surfaces underfoot, brick walkways contribute craft to garden design. Here we show three examples that go beyond the traditional bonded patterns to place fresh patterns and textures at your feet.

Each of the designs contrasts the earth-toned graphics of brick with the soft greens and grays of adjacent plants.

Brick's modular size and easy handling make it a natural material for inventiveness. While bricks come in a range of sizes (thin, standard, and oversize), you can also choose from various colors (different shades of red, brown, gray, and buff, as well as mottled tones) and finishes (smooth to rough).

The photographs show several types of available brick: manufactured "used," salvaged used, split pavers (half as thick as standard brick), and light-colored, porous firebrick.

In most areas, red bricks commonly used for outdoor paving cost 30 to 35 cents apiece. Other kinds, which include simulated used, split pavers, and specialty bricks such as flashed (heat-colored) clinkers, sell for 35 to 50 cents. Prices are lower for lots of 100, 500, or 1,000.

You can find most of these at masonry suppliers or building and landscape supply yards; look in the yellow pages under Brick or Building Materials. For second-hand brick and used companion materials such as cobbles and wood timbers, savlvage yards are often good sources.

Before you build, lay out your design on graph paper. This may mean a trip to the brickyard to get exact dimensions; although standard brick measures 2-1/4 inches thick by 3-3/4 inches wide by 8 inches long, actual sizes vary by manufacturer and type. Make allowance for joints as desired.

Suppliers in the same region stock different types of brick, so it pays to shop arou nd. Some people get their best inspiration by buying a few samples to try out at home. Or you can cut out cardboard shapes and arrange them on the ground. While old salvaged bricks and low-density firebrick provide

interesting color and texture, they don't wear well in paving. Their pitted surfaces also collect moisture, grit, and subsequently moss, making them slippery to walk on in winter. All outdoor bricks are graded by their ability to withstand weathering; if you live where it freezes and thaws, buy only those graded Sw (severe weathering).

For more on building walkways, you may want to consult Basic Masonry Illustrated (Lane Publishing Co., Menlo Park, Calif., 1981; $4.95).
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Copyright 1985 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:pathways patterns
Date:May 1, 1985
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