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Artist gets credit for 'Heroes' sculpture; Woman was behind work.


A bust depicting Scottish missionary David Livingstone, donated to the Wallace Monument in 1889, is believed to have been created by female sculptor Amelia Hill, and not by David Watson Stevenson as previously thought.

The discovery was brought to the attention of Stirling District Tourism, the charity that operates the Stirling visitor attraction, by sculptor Graciela Ainsworth who was conducting research into the history of female influence at the monument's well-known Hall of Heroes.

She realised that a bust she has in her studio in Edinburgh made by Amelia Hill was very similar to the one in the Hall of Heroes, and after discovering a photograph found that the bust of David Livingston in the Hall of Heroes is actually signed by Amelia Hill.

Amelia Hill, who lived between 1821 and 1904, was a prominent female Scottish artist and sculptor whose commissions included the statue of Blantyre-born Livingstone in Princes Street Gardens, Edinburgh. She also contributed statues to the Scott Monument, also in Edinburgh.

Graciela's work will soon be added to the Hall of Heroes with the addition of her bust depicting Maggie Keswick Jencks, as part of the Scotland's Heroines project.

Speaking of the discovery, Zillah Jamieson, chair of Stirling District Tourism said: "We undertook the Scotland's Heroines project to ensure that women were represented amongst notable Scots at the Monument's Hall of Heroes.

"We're fascinated to now discover that there was a female influence at the Hall of Heroes earlier than previously thought. We are looking forward to learning more about Amelia Hill's work on the David Livingstone bust in the future."

Graciela said: "Working as a sculptor on the Heroines project has been incredibly meaningful for myself and for my colleague Csilla Karsay who created the bust of Mary Slessor.

"Sculpting the first female busts for the Hall of Heroes was a wonderful experience for us, and now to know that our work will be joining another one of the great Scottish sculptors, Amelia Hill, is just fantastic."

The monument is currently closed for a PS1million upgrade ahead of its 150th anniversary celebrations and is expected to reopen in May 2019.

Evening Lectures will be held on Thursdays at 6:30pm in Legends Coffee House at The National Wallace Monument. Tickets cost PS5 (PS2 for The National Wallace Monument members). Pre-booking is recommended by emailing

Lectures include: April 4, The History of the National Wallace Monument, with Ken Thomson; April 18, Wallace, Burns and Carnegie, with Kirke Kook; October 10, 10,000 years of history on the Abbey Craig, with Dr Murray Cook; October 17, Remembering Wallace and Bruce over the Centuries, with Dr Michael Penman; and October 24, Scotland's Heroines, with Dr Alison McCall.

We're fascinated to now discover that there was a female influence at the Hall of Heroes earlier than previously thought Zillah Jamieson


Scottish great Sculptor Amelia Hill

Discovery Graciela Ainsworth (right) and Csilla Karsay working on busts of Maggie Keswick Jencks (right) and Mary Slessor

Women's touch Bust of Livingstone now thought to have been created by Amelia Hill

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Publication:Stirling Observer (Stirling, Scotland)
Geographic Code:4EUUK
Date:Mar 22, 2019
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