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Arthrocnemo macrostachyi-Sarcocornietum hispanicae, a new halophytic plant community from eastern Iberian Peninsula/Arthrocnemo macrostachyi-Sarcocornietum hispanicae, una nueva asociacion halofitica del este de la Peninsula Iberica.

INTRODUCTION

New taxa are considered inside the Sarcocornia A.J. Scott genus (Chenopodiaceae) as a result of its recent taxonomic review in the Iberian Peninsula (DE LA FUENTE & al., 2011, 2013). Specifically, the new species Sarcocornia hispanica Fuente, Rufo & Sanchez-Mata have been recognized throughout eastern and south-eastern territories of the Iberian Peninsula.

Sarcocornia hispanica usually occurs in saline sandy depressions where usually it is not reached by sea water. In these habitats it can be accompanied mainly by Arthrocnemum macrostachyum. It could also be found far away from the coast in endorreic lakes derived from Tertiary materials, or even in canals of salt works. We know this taxon from xeric oceanic and pluviseasonal oceanic Mediterranean bioclimates, covering meso- and thermomediterranean thermotype territories with dry and semiarid ombrotype character (GIMENEZ LUQUE & GOMEZ MERCADO, 2002; SALAZAR & al., 2002; ALONSO & DE LA TORRE, 2002; RIVAS-MARTINEZ & al., 2007; SARIKA, 2012).

The complexes of plant communities structured by fruticose succulent chamaephytes in eastern Iberian Peninsula (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum, Sarcocornia fruticosa, Sarcocornia hispanica) are framed in the phytosociologial class Salicornietea fruticosae within tha alliances Salicornion fruticosae y Arthrocnemion glauci (RIVAS-MARTINEZ & al., 2011).

Halophytic shrub communities structured by Arthrocnemum macrostachyum are widely distributed throughout Murcia-Almeria biogeographical territories and developed on clay compacted soils; they are framed in the association Frankenio corymbosae-Arthrocnemetum macrostachyi defined for the coastal and mainland formations from Murcia and Alicante (RIVAS-MARTINEZ & al., 1984).

The formations of fruticose succulent Sarcocornia from Murcia-Almeria saline localities (previously only identified as Sarcocornia fruticosa) were included in different associations such as Salicornietum fruticosae Br.-Bl. 1928 (RIGUAL, 1972; ESTEVE, 1973), Cistancho phelypaeae-Sarcocornietum fruticosae Gehu ex Gehu & Gehu-Franck 1977 (ALCARAZ, 1984; ALCARAZ & al., 1991; ALONSO, 1996; Salazar & al., 2002) and finally, as the new proposed Limonio cossoniani-Sarcocornietum fruticosae Alonso & de la Torre 2002. More recently LENDINEZ & al. (2012:232) published the new association Limonio majoris-Sarcocornietum fruticosae Lendinez, Marchal & Salazar 2012 to include this formations from the Baza and surroundings saline territories (Granada).

The recognition of the new taxon Sarcocornia hispanica by DE LA FUENTE & al. (2011) distributed throughout the semiarid saline areas from the eastern and south-eastern Iberian Peninsula forces a precise revision of the shrubby halophytic vegetation structured by fruticose succulent Chenopodiaceae.

Our recent studies concerning the halophytic vegetation of these territories allow us to recognize and propose a new association structured by Sarcocornia hispanica and a nomenclatural correction.

DATA AND METHODS

Our vegetation study follows the usual phytosociological methods. We took releves following the Braun-Blanquet method (BRAUN-BLANQUET, 1979).

Biogeographical and bioclimatical concepts follows the proposals of RIVAS-MARTINEZ & al. (2007). Phytosociological nomenclature follows the contributions and proposals of RIVAS-MARTINEZ & al. (2001, 2002, 2011) and the current issue of the International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature (ICPN, WEBER & al., 2000).

For taxonomical nomenclature we follow, except if the authority is indicated, Flora Europaea (Tutin & al., 1964-1993), the EuroMed Database (2006), and the published volumes of Flora iberica (Castroviejo & al., 1986-2010)

RESULTS AND SYNTAXONOMICAL DISCUSSION

SALICORNIETEA FRUTICOSAE Br.-Bl. & Tuxen ex A. & O. Bolos 1950

Vegetation developed on swamps and marine estuaries, and inland saline areas. This phytosociological class frames the shrubby halophytic plant communities distributed throughout European coastal and inland saline territories.

Salicornietalia fruticosae Br.-Bl. 1933

Vegetation developed on coastal areas influenced by sea tides and inland saline habitats.

Salicornion fruticosae Br.-Bl. 1933

Fruticose and suffruticose saline vegetation developed throughout infra-mesomediterranean and thermo-mesotemperate thermotype territories in areas influenced by sea tides.

Sarcocornienion fruticosae Rivas-Martinez & Costa in Rivas-Martinez & al. 2011

Halophytic shrubby vegetation structured by Sarcocornia fruticosa. We recognize two associations throughout eastern and south-eastern saline areas of Iberian Peninsula:

Statico bellidifoliae-Salicornietum fruticosae Br.-Bl. 1933

Association widely distributed on coastal saline habitats of Catalonia-Provence-Balearic Islands biogeographical territories with thermo-mesomediterranean thermotype character and structured by Sarcocornia fruticosa. These halophytic vegetation grows on coastal saline areas and dune depressions supporting temporary ponding and summer drought.

COSTA & BOIRA (1981) described within this association two subassociations: halimietosum portulacoidis, for silty loam soil texture and sporoboletosum pungentis for sandy loam soil texture. Table 1 shows an own compilation of non-published releves made on Catalonia coastal territories.

Limonio cossoniani-Sarcocornietum fruticosae Alonso & de la Torre 2002

Association widely distributed on coastal saline habitats of Murcia-Almeria biogeographical territories with thermo-mesomediterranean thermotype character and structured by Sarcocornia fruticosa. Other frequent species within this vegetation-type are the succulent halophytes Arthrocnemum macrostachyum and Limbarda crithmoides; the rosulate hemicriptophytes Limonium cossonianum, Limonium caesium, and Limonium santapolense, and other halophytes such as Halimione portulacoides or Frankenia corymbosa. Sarcocornia hispanica can be very occasional in this halophytic formations. Table 2 shows an own compilation of non-published releves made on eastern coastal Iberian Peninsula territories (Murcia-Almeria biogeographical territories).

In the original diagnosis of this association ALONSO & DE LA TORRE (2002) included the saline habitats of Villena, Granada, Murcia and Alicante. However, in these territories we recognize Sarcocornia hispanica. Limonio cossoniani-Sarcocornietum fruticosae is restricted to coastal saline habitats of Murcia-Almeria biogeographical territories.

Arthrocnemion glauci Rivas-Martinez & Costa 1984

Fruticose and suffruticose saline vegetation developed throughout infra-supramediterranean inland territories or in areas not influenced by sea tides and structured by Arthrocnmemum macrostachyum.

Arthrocnemenion macrostachyi (Rivas-Martinez & Costa 1984) Rivas-Martinez & Costa in Rivas-Martinez & al. 2011

Halophytic vegetation structured by the succulent chamaephytic halophyte Arthrocnmemum macrostachyum. We include in this phytosociological unit the halophytic formations dominated by the iberian halophyte Sarcocornia hispanica:

Limonio majoris-Sarcocornietum hispanicae Lendinez, Marchal & Salazar 2012 nom. corr. hoc loco (ICPN, art. 43) [sub Limonio majoris-Sarcocornietum fruticosae Lendinez, Marchal & Salazar 2012 (in Lagascalia 32: 232)]

Endemic association known only from the saline habitats of Guadix-Baza biogeographical territories (Granada). This association frames the shrubby halophytic vegetation developed on endorheic depressions temporarily flooded in winter and spring and dry up in summer.

The nomenclatural correction is obliged strictly following the current issue of the ICPN (WEBER & al., 2000) because of the recognized taxon in the area of this association is Sarcocornia hispanica (DE LA FUENTE & al., 2011), not Sarcocornia fruticosa as published by LENDINEZ & al. (2012).

Arthrocnemo macrostachyi-Sarcocornietum hispanicae ass. nova hoc loco (Table 3; holotypus, rel. 4)

Table 3 shows nine releves supporting this phytosociological association proposed here as new and structured by the succulent halophyte Sarcocornia hispanica. As frequent species we can remark other shrubby halophytes such as Arthrocnemum macrostachyum, Suaeda vera or Halimione portulacoides; frequent rosulate hemicriptophytes are Limonium angustebracteatum, Limonium caesium, Limonium cossonianum and Limonium eugeniae. Phragmites australis, Juncus maritimus and Juncus subulatus detected brackish water.

The biogeographical area of this association cover inland saline areas of La Mancha-Murcia and Murcia-Almeria biogeographical territories. This vegetation-type grows on inland saline depressions or endorheic lagoons developed on Tertiary geologic materials; also it can grows on channels of coastal saline explotations. The vegetational contacts in coastal saline habitats are to the wettest area with the communities structured by Sarcocornia fruticosa (Limonio cossoniani-Sarcocornietum fruticosae); to the more saline habitats with the communities structured by Arhtrocnemum macrostachyum (Frankenio corymbosae-Arhtrocnemetum macrostachyi); to the anthropogenic sites with the communities structured by Suaeda vera (Frankenio corymbosae-Suaedetum verae) and to the driest areas with the arid-dry communities structured by Lygeum spartum (Lygeo sparti-Limonion furfuracei, Limonietalia).
SYNTAXONOMICAL TYPOLOGY

SALICORNIETEA FRUTICOSAE Br.-Bl. & Tuxen ex A. & O. Bolos 1950
 Salicornietalia fruticosae Br.-Bl. 1933
  Salicornion fruticosae Br.-Bl. 1933
   Sarcocornienion fruticosae Rivas-Martinez & Costa in
     Rivas-Martinez & al. 2011
    Statico bellidifoliae-Salicorcornietum fruticosae Br.Bl. 1933
    Limonio cossoniani-Sarcocornietum fruticosae Alonso & de la
      Torre 200
   Arthrocnemion glauci Rivas-Martinez & Costa 1984
  Arthrocnemenion macrostachyi (Rivas-Martinez & Costa 1984)
    Rivas-Martinez & Costa 2011
    Limonio majoris-Sarcocornietum hispanicae Lendinez, Marchal &
      Salazar 2012 nom. corr.
    Fuente & al. 2013
    Arthrocnemo macrostachyi-Sarcocornietum hispanicae ass. nova


doi: 10.5209/rev_LAZA.2013.v34.n1.43644

Received: 4 September 2013

Accepted: 4 October 2013

REFERENCES

Alcaraz, F.--1984--Flora y vegetacion del NE de Murcia --Publ. Univ. Murcia. Murcia.

Alcaraz, F., Diaz, T.E., Rivas-Martinez, S. & Sanchez-Gomez, P.--1989--Datos sobre la vegetacion del sureste de Espana: provincia biogeografica murciano-almeriense--Itinera Geobot. 2: 2-133.

Alcaraz, F., Sanchez, P., Torre, A. de la, Rios, S. & Alvarez, J.--1991--Datos sobre la vegetacion de Murcia (Espana). Guia geobotanica de la Excursion de las IX Jornadas de Fitosociologia--Publ. Univ. Murcia. 162 pp. Murcia.

Alonso, M.A.--1996--Flora y Vegetacion del Valle de Villena (Alicante)--Publ. Inst. Cultura Juan Gil-Albert, Textos Univ. Dip. Prov., Alicante.

Alonso, M.A. & de la Torre, A.--2002--Datos sobre las comunidades de Sarcocornia fruticosa (L.) A.J. Scott en la provincia murciano-almeriense (SE de Espana)--Acta Bot. Malacitana 27: 288-294.

Bolos, A. de & Bolos, O. de--1950--Vegetacion de las comarcas barcelonesas--Publ. Inst. Esp. Est. Medit., Barcelona.

Br.-Bl, J.--1933--Prodrome des groupements vegetaux, fasc. I (Ammophiletalia et Salicornietalia medit.)--Comm. Int. des Prodr. Phytosociol. 23 pp. Montpellier.

Braun-Blanquet, J.--1979--Fitosociologia--Ed. Blume, Madrid. 820 pp.

Castroviejo, S. & al. (Eds.)--1986-2010--Flora iberica. Plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares --R. Jard. Bot. CSIC, Madrid.

Costa, M. & Boira, H.--1981--La vegetacion costera valenciana: los saladares--An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 38(1): 233-244.

Esteve, F.--1973--Vegetacion y flora de las regiones central y meridional de la provincia de Murcia--Publ. Centr. Edaf. Biol. Apl. Segura, Murcia. 451 pp.

Euro+Med--2006--Euro+Med PlantBase--The information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity Publ. Internet http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/

Fuente, V. de la, Rufo, L. & Sanchez-Mata, D.--2011--Sarcocornia hispanica (Chenopodiaceae), a new species from the Iberian Peninsula--Lazaroa 32: 9-13.

Fuente, V. de la, Oggerin, M., Rufo, L., Rodriguez, N., Ortunez, E., Sanchez-Mata, D. & Amils, R.--2013--A micromorphological and phylogenetic study of Sarcocornia A.J. Scott (Chenopodiaceae) on the Iberian Peninsula --Plant Biosys. 147(1): 158-173.

Gimenez Luque, E. & Gomez Mercado, F.--2002--Analisis de la flora vascular de la Sierra de Gador (Almeria, Espana)--Lazaroa 23: 35-43.

Lendinez, ML., Marchal, F.M. & Salazar, C.--2012--Una nueva asociacion de vegetacion halofila en el sureste de la Peninsula Iberica (Espana): Limonio majoris-Sarcocornietum fruticosae--Lagascalia 32: 229-236.

Rigual, A,--1972--Flora y vegetacion de la provincia de Alicante (El paisaje vegetal alicantino)--Publ. Inst. Estud. Alicantinos 2(1): 1-403.

Rivas-Martinez, S., Alcaraz, F., Belmonte, D., Canto, P., Sanchez-Mata, D.--1984--Contribucion al conocimiento de la vegetacion de los saladares del sureste de la Peninsula Iberica (Arhtrocnemion glauci)--Doc. Phytosoc. 8: 335-340.

Rivas-Martinez, S., Diaz, T.E., Fernandez-Gonzalez, F., Izco, J., Loidi, J., Lousa, M. & Penas, A.--2002--Vascular plant communities of Spain and Portugal. Addenda to the syntaxonomical checklist of 2001--Itinera Geobot. 15(1): 5-432.

Rivas-Martinez, S., Fernandez-Gonzalez, F., Loidi, J., Lousa, M. & Penas, A.--2001--Syntaxonomical Checklist of Vascular Plant Communities of Spain and Portugal to association level--Itinera Geobot. 14: 1-341.

Rivas-Martinez S. & al.--2007--Mapa de series, geoseries y geopermaseries de vegetacion de Espana. Parte I--Itinera Geobot. 17: 5-436.

Rivas-Martinez S. & al.--2011--Mapa de series, geoseries y geopermaseries de vegetacion de Espana. Parte II--Itinera Geobot. 18(1-2): 5-800.

Salazar, C., Torres, J.A., Marchal, F.M., Cano, E.--2002--La vegetacion edafohigrofila del distrito Guadiciano-Bastetano (Granada-Jaen, Espana)--Lazaroa 23: 4564.

Sarika, M.--2012--Notes on the flora and vegetation of some coastal ecosystems of Sterea Ellas and eastern continental Greece (Greece)--Lazaroa 33: 65-99.

Tutin, T. G. & al. (Eds.)--1964-1993--Flora Europaea--Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

Weber, H.E., Moravec, J. & Theurillat, J.P.--2000--International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature, 3rd ed.--J. Veg. Sci. 11: 739-768.

Vicenta de la Fuente, Lourdes Rufo, Ana Teijeiro (*) & Daniel Sanchez-Mata (**)

* Departamento de Biologia. Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad Autonoma de Madrid. Cantoblanco. E-28049 Madrid, Spain. E-mail: vicenta.fuente@uam.es, lourdes.rufo@uam.es, ana.teijeiro@estudiante.uam.es

** Departamento de Biologia Vegetal II. Facultad de Farmacia. Universidad Complutense. E-28040 Madrid, Spain. E-mail: dsmata@farm.ucm.es
Table 1
Statico bellidifolii-Salicornietum fruticosae Br.Bl. 1933
salicornietosum fruticosae 1-7
halimionetosum portulacoidis 8-18
(Sarcocornienion, Salicornion fruticosae, Salicornietalia fruticosae,
Salicornietea fruticosae)

Area ([m.sup.2])                  20      50      20      30      20
Cover (%)                         100     100     100     80      80
Releve N.                          1       2       3       4       5

Characteristics
Sarcocornia fruticosa              5       5       4       5       4
Limbarda crithmoides               .       .       .       .       1
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum         .       .       +       .       1
Suaeda vera                        .       .       .       .       .
Limonium angustebracteatum         .       .       .       .       .
Differentials of                   .       .       .       .       .
  halimionetosum
Halimione portulacoides            .       .       .       .       .
Companions
Phragmites australis               1       1       1       1       1
Juncus acutus                      .       1       1       +       .
Juncus maritimus                   .       .       .       .       2
Elytrigia juncea                   .       .       .       +       .
Limonium virgatum                  .       .       .       .       .
Juncus subulatus                   .       +       .       .       .
Salicornia ramosissima             .       .       .       .       .

Area ([m.sup.2])                  10      20      20      20      50
Cover (%)                         100     80      80      100     80
Releve N.                          6       7       8       9      10

Characteristics
Sarcocornia fruticosa              4       5       4       5       3
Limbarda crithmoides                       1       .       .       .
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum         1       .       .       .       .
Suaeda vera                        .       .       .       .       .
Limonium angustebracteatum         .       .       .       .       .
Differentials of                   .       .       .       .       .
  halimionetosum
Halimione portulacoides            .       .       1       +       1
Companions
Phragmites australis               1       .       .       +       .
Juncus acutus                      .       2       .       .       .
Juncus maritimus                   2       .       .       .       .
Elytrigia juncea                   .       1       .       +       .
Limonium virgatum                  +       .       .       .       1
Juncus subulatus                   .       1       .       .       .
Salicornia ramosissima             .       .       1       .       .

Area ([m.sup.2])                  20      20      20      50      50
Cover (%)                         100     100     100     80      80
Releve N.                         11      12      13      14      15

Characteristics
Sarcocornia fruticosa              5       5       4       4       3
Limbarda crithmoides               .       +       +       .       .
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum         1       .       .       2       +
Suaeda vera                        .       .       .       1       .
Limonium angustebracteatum         2       .       .       +       .
Differentials of                   .       .       .       .       .
  halimionetosum
Halimione portulacoides            2       2       3       +       1
Companions
Phragmites australis               .       .       .       .       .
Juncus acutus                      .       .       .       .       .
Juncus maritimus                   .       .       1       .       .
Elytrigia juncea                   .       .       .       .       .
Limonium virgatum                  .       .       .       .       1
Juncus subulatus                   .       .       .       .       .
Salicornia ramosissima             .       .       .       .       1

Area ([m.sup.2])                  20      20      20
Cover (%)                         100     100     100
Releve N.                         16      17      18

Characteristics
Sarcocornia fruticosa              4       4       4
Limbarda crithmoides               2       2       1
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum         .       .       .
Suaeda vera                        1       +       .
Limonium angustebracteatum         .       .       .
Differentials of                   .       .       .
  halimionetosum
Halimione portulacoides            3       3       3
Companions
Phragmites australis               1       .       .
Juncus acutus                      .       .       .
Juncus maritimus                   .       .       1
Elytrigia juncea                   .       .       .
Limonium virgatum                  .       .       .
Juncus subulatus                   .       .       .
Salicornia ramosissima             .       .       .

Other species: characteristics: Limonium dufourii + in 6; Limonium
girardianum + in 11; Limonium bellidifolium + in 13; Puccinellia
festuciformis 1 in 17; Limonium densissimum + in 18. Companions:
Suaeda splendens + in 5; Polygonum equisetiforme + in 7.

Localities: 1, 4, 9. Gola del Ter, L'Estartit, Gerona, 31TEG1857; 2,
3, 7, 10, 15. Parque Natural Cabanes, Torre-blanca, Castellon,
31TBE6354; 5, 6. El Saler, Valencia, 30SYJ3163; 6, 11, 14. Estanys
d'Almenara, Almenara, Castellon, 31SYK4103; 8, 13, 16, 18. San Carlos
de la Rapita, Tarragona, 31TCF2108; 12, 17. Parque Natural Ai-
guamolls de l'Emporda, Sant Pere Pescador, Gerona, 31TEG0972.

Table 2
Limonio cossoniani-Sarcocornietum fruticosae Alonso & de la Torre 2000
(Sarcocornienion, Salicornion fruticosae, Salicornietalia fruticosae,
Salicornietea fruticosae)

Area ([m.sup.2])               50      50      50      20      20
Cover (%)                      100     100     80      100     80
Releve N.                       1       2       3       4       5

Characteristics
Sarcocornia fruticosa           4       4       3       5       4
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum      .       1       1       2       2
Halimione portulacoides         .       2       .       1       .
Limonium cossonianum            .       .       .       .       .
Limbarda crithmoides            .       .       .       .       .
Limonium caesium                .       .       .       .       .
Companions
Salicornia ramosissima          2       .       1       .       .
Phragmites australis            .       .       .       .       1
Juncus maritimus                .       .       .       .       .
Lygeum spartum                  .       .       .       .       .

Area ([m.sup.2])               20      20      20      30      20
Cover (%)                      100     80      80      80      80
Releve N.                       6       7       8       9      10

Characteristics
Sarcocornia fruticosa           4       4       4       5       4
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum      1       1       1       2       1
Halimione portulacoides         1       .       .       2       .
Limonium cossonianum            .       2       .       1       .
Limbarda crithmoides            1       .       .       .       .
Limonium caesium                .       .       .       .       .
Companions
Salicornia ramosissima          .       .       +       .       .
Phragmites australis            .       1       1       .       +
Juncus maritimus                .       .       2       .       .
Lygeum spartum                  .       .       .       .       .

Area ([m.sup.2])               20      20      20      30
Cover (%)                      90      100     100     80
Releve N.                      11      12      13      14

Characteristics
Sarcocornia fruticosa           4       4       4       4
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum      1       2       2       2
Halimione portulacoides         2       .       2       1
Limonium cossonianum            .       3       2       1
Limbarda crithmoides            .       .       1       .
Limonium caesium                2       .       .       1
Companions
Salicornia ramosissima          .       .       .       .
Phragmites australis            .       .       .       .
Juncus maritimus                .       2       .       .
Lygeum spartum                  .       +       .       1

Other species: characteristics: Frankenia corymbosa + y Limonium
santapolense 2 in 10; Sarcocornia hispanica + in 13, Suaeda vera 1 in
14. Companions: Suaeda spicata 1 in 10; Mesembryanthemum crystallinum,
Mesembryan-themum nodiflorum and Parapholis incurva + in 12; Juncus
acutus + in 14.

Localities: 1, 5, 12. Torrevieja, Laguna de la Mata, Alicante,
30SYH0212; 2, 4, 6. Lopagan, San Pedro del Pinatar, Murcia, 30SXG9791;
3, 8, 9, 11, 14. Torrevieja, Laguna Grande, Alicante, 30SXH9809; 7,
13. Salinas de Sta. Pola, Alicante, 30SYH1029; 10. Torre Tamarit,
Santa Pola, Alicante, 30SYH0827.

Table 3
Arthrocnemo macrostachyi-Sarcocornietum hispanicae ass. nova
(Arthrocnemenion macrostachyi, Arhtrocnemion glauci, Salicornietalia,
Salicornietea fruticosae)

Altitude (m)                       5      10      10      520     520
Area ([m.sup.2])                  40      50      50      20      20
Cover (%)                         80      100     100     100     80
Releve number                      1       2       3       4       5

Characteristics
Sarcocornia hispanica              4       5       4       4       4
Suaeda vera                        .       +       1       +       +
Limonium cossonianum               .       +       .       .       .
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum         .       .       1       2       +
Halimione portulacoides            .       .       .       1       1
Companions
Phragmites australis               2       +       1       .       .

Altitude (m)                       5      10      560     150
Area ([m.sup.2])                  50      20      30      20
Cover (%)                         80      80      100     80
Releve number                      6       7       8       9

Characteristics
Sarcocornia hispanica              1       4       4       4
Suaeda vera                        .       +       2       +
Limonium cossonianum               1       1       1       2
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum         3       .       .       +
Halimione portulacoides            1       1       .       1
Companions
Phragmites australis               .       .       1       +

Other species: Characteristics: Limbarda crithmoides 1 in 1;
Sarcocornia fruticosa 2 in 6; Limonium caesium + in 8; Limonium
angustebracteatum 1 in 9. Companions: Lygeum spartum 1 in 6;
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum and Suaeda spicata + in 7; Elytrigia
curvifolia 1 and Sphenopus divaricatus + in 8.

Localities: 1. Salinas de Santa Pola, Alicante, 30SYH1029; 2, 3, 7.
Laguna del Hondo, San Felipe Neri, Alicante, 30SXH9728; 4, 5. Las
Virtudes, Alicante, 30SXH8075; 6. Laguna Grande, Torrevieja, Alicante,
30SXH9809; 8. Cordovilla, Albacete, 30SXH2070; 9. Rambla del Ajauque,
La Fortuna, Murcia, 30SXH6527. Holotypus ass., rel. 4.
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Author:de la Fuente, Vicenta; Rufo, Lourdes; Teijeiro, Ana; Sanchez-Mata, Daniel
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Date:Jan 1, 2013
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