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50Years Ago A scale of charges not exceeding half the cost for National Health Service dentures and spectacles will come into force next Monday.

Patients will find displayed in opticians' consulting rooms and dentists' waiting rooms a card saying that patients accepted for treatment under the Health Service on and after Monday, May 21, will have to pay the charges authorised by Act of Parliament.

The Birmingham Post, May 1951

100Years Ago The city of Birmingham Tramways Company will commence on Monday an increased service of workmen's cars. From six to half past a ten minute service will be run from Selly Oak at a penny and between half past six and half past seven the service will be increased to one car every five minutes.

The Birmingham Daily Post, May 1901

25Years Ago Beer may soon be on tap at breakfast for workers on early shift at Birmingham's wholesale market complex.

If Birmingham Licensing Committee agrees to the new Mercat Cross public house opening its doors at 7am it will be a return to an old market custom. For more than 70 years, Birmingham's public houses have been closed to those wanting an early morning pint.

The Birmingham Post, May 1976

1911: Death of Austrian composer Gustav Mahler: Born in Bohemia, a part of the Austrian Empire, in 1860, Mahler is noted for ten symphonies and various songs with orchestra that drew together many different strands of romanticism.

His father was a tavern keeper. His mother had a weak heart, which he inherited, and this was probably the cause for his early death.

Although his music was largely ignored for 50 years after his death, Mahler was later regarded as an important pioneer of 20th-century techniques of composition and an acknowledged influence on such composers as Arnold Schoenberg, Dmitry Shostakovich, and Benjamin Britten.

Also on this day: 1921: Colonel Edward Bury led the first Mount Everest reconnaissance party; 1950: Jimmy Mullen became England's first football substitute scoring against Belgium in Brussels; 1955: The first Wimpy Bar opened in London heralding the fast-food invasion from America; 1979: Karen Silkwood won $10.5 million in a lawsuit against a US nuclear power plant for suffering nuclear contamination; 1980: Mount St Helens in Washington State, USA, erupted killing eight people and sending ash 60,000 ft up into the air.

Pope John Paul II, 81: John Paul II, in Latin Johannes Paulus, was born in Wadowice, Poland and in 1978, he became the first non-Italian Pope in 455 years. He was also the first Pope ever from a Slavic country, and his crusades against political oppression have been widely praised although his conservative doctrinal views have been criticised.

No previous Pope can match his record travelling the world and his visits have attracted large crowds. His efforts building bridges between nations and religions played an important role in the final years of the Cold War.

Other Birthdays: Worcestershire & England fast bowler Graham Dilley, 42; former European Union Comission President Jacques Santer, 64; England footballer Nobby Stiles, 59; rock keyboard player and composer Rick Wakeman,52; singer and actress Toyah Willcox , 43.

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On this day in 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed the Emperor of France
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Publication:The Birmingham Post (England)
Date:May 18, 2001
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