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Archive: On This Day.

1794: The US Navy was officially created: In 1783, the United States signed a Treaty in Paris which gave them their independence from Great Britain. But the British possession of so many colonies still limited the trade of the Americans, and the declining economy meant they had to sell fighting ships. But in 1793 the outbreak of war in Europe benefited the Americans. The commercial restrictions were relaxed, giving the United States an opportunity of expanding their trade and shipping industry and recovering from the downfall in their economy, and the Americans were finally able to re-establish their navy. So in 1794, the House of Representatives and the Senate passed the 'Act to provide a Naval Armament'. It meant that the president could acquire six frigates. The Act described how many crew members would be necessary and what their pay and daily rations would be. In 1797 the three first ships were finished, and they became the foundation for the new United States Navy.

international rugby match between Scotland and England took place at Edinburgh with a victory for the hosts; 1914: The first successful blood transfusion took place in a Brussels hospital; 1961: The first women traffic wardens began ticketing in Leicester; 1977: Two jumbo jets collided on the ground of Tenerife airport, killing 574 people.

Also on This Day: 1871: The first
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Title Annotation:Features
Publication:The Birmingham Post (England)
Date:Mar 27, 2002
Words:224
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