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Approach to the floristic catalogue of the Dehesa of Somosierra and new records for the Community of Madrid (Spain)/Aproximacion al catalogo floristico de la Dehesa de Somosierra y nuevas citas para la Comunidad de Madrid (Espana).

Introduction

The Community of Madrid has a wide variety of vegetation types, from natural to those caused by the anthropic effect. One of them, the Dehesa is an essential component for ranching in Madrid and other regions. They have been historically used and have had a considerable area which is still present now-adays (Lopez & Saez 2002). One of the most popular Dehesas of the Community Madrid is The Dehesa of Somosierra, also called Dehesa Boyal of Somosierra or Dehesa Bonita of Somosierra placed in the northeast corner of the Community of Madrid. This vegetation type has been shaped by traditional forms of exploitation. This Dehesa is under a silvopastoral exploitation system where forestry and grazing of domesticated animals are combined. Men have left their footprint on the composition, appearance, structure and dynamics of this area leading to diverse landscapes of great natural and cultural value (woods, meadows, shrublands, etc.). As a result, a multifunctional Dehesa with various uses is obtained, such as forestry, livestock feed and hunting (Lopez & Saez 2002).

Otherwise, there are different studies conducted in this Dehesa or the surrounding areas. Most of them focus on the vascular flora (Bellot 1944, Canto 2007, Cebolla Lozano & Rivas Ponce 1994, Mayor 1965) and land management (Diaz 1984, Ruiz de la Torre 1985, Lopez & Saez 2002, Gomez et al. 2009), but also about the fungi (Ruiz et al. 2013).

With respect to the physical characteristic of the area, soil consists of acid materials, with a metamorphic origin (gneisses and schists). Its origin is very old (Paleozoic) and correspond to rocks formed during the Hercynian orogeny, which were later covered by sediments and resurfaced over them during the subsequent Alpine Orogeny (Diaz Martinez et al. 2012, Duran 1998). The Dehesa of Somosierra lies in the temperate oceanic submediterranean bioclimate according to the Worldwide Bioclimatic Classification System (Rivas-Martinez & Rivas-Saenz 1996-2016, Rivas-Martinez et al. 2004). The climate is temperate and warm. The average annual temperature and precipitation are 8.6 [degrees]C and 588 mm respectively. Rainfall is distributed throughout the year, ranging from 23 mm in August to 70 mm in May. Even in the driest month there is still a great rain water supply. Average monthly temperatures are less than 3 [degrees]C in winter and above 15 [degrees]C in summer (https://es.climate-data.org/location/469006/).

The vegetation of this area is the result of the climate and the orography of the zone, which can explain the presence of birch trees. The Central System behaves like a condensing moisture barrier, favoring cloud formation in this valley due to its topography and the constant presence of humid winds that are retained. The Dehesa of Somosierra has therefore an excellent location to catch both rainwater and fogs condensed in it, which allows the maintenance of constant and higher moisture conditions than in other surrounding areas and favors the presence of birch trees (Garcia 2007).

The studied area is included in the Guadarrama sector and includes supratemperate and supramediterranean belts. Betula celtiberica forests and Quercus pyrenaica humid forests are the principal forests that can be found, although can also appear mountain pine forest in supratemperate and supramediterranean subhumid and humid belts (Canto 2007). According to the vegetation series, previously described, the Dehesa of Somosierra corresponds to the Melico uniflorae-Betulo celtibericae sigmetum (Canto 2007). However, throughout the Dehesa, diverse vegetation patches are found, each one characterize by the presence of one or more dominant species and its associated floristic complex (Lopez & Saez 2002).

Birch trees (Betula sp.) are concentrated on the south side of the valley where soils are permanently flooded, allowing the presence of poorly drained peatlands with abundant organic matter, but they are also distributed along the streams in shady sites. Paleobotanists data show that birches occupied larger areas of the Central System in the past (Holocene) than in the present, considering this birch grove the largest of the Community of Madrid, which acts as a relict glacier, increasing the identity and value of this Dehesa (Lopez 1997). Surrounding the birch patch, soils are more aerated and do not have a permanent layer of water, allowing aerobic processes. In this area a mixed forest is developed, which contains rowan trees (Sorbus aucuparia L.), whitebeam (Sorbus aria (L.) Crantz), alder buckthorn (Frangula alnus Mill, subsp. alnus) and oak trees (Quercus pyrenaica Willd.). Besides, on these soils are present hazel trees (Corylus avellana L.) forming isolated groves. The outer area of the Dehesa is formed by a monospecific oak forest intensely intervened. As a result of this great modification, in some sectors are covered by scrubs such as Adenocarpus hispanicus (Lam.) DC. and Genista florida L. scrubs are present in much of the vegetation patches but some species are more abundant as Adenocarpus hispanicus, Adenocarpus complicatus (L.) J. Gay, Genista florida, Cytisus oromediterraneus Rivas Mart. et al. and Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link. subsp. scoparius. Pastures have little relevance and are present in small private enclaves that, in many cases, undergo an abandonment process that favors the expansion of scrubs.

The aim of this study is to contribute to the knowledge of the vegetation of the Dehesa of Somosierra with a detailed approach to its floristic catalogue.

Materials and Methods

The Dehesa of Somosierra is located in the northern sector of the Community of Madrid, between the mountain ranges of Guadarrama and Ayllon, in the UTM 30TVL5255. It is the number 122 of the Public Utility Mounts of the Province of Madrid catalog. It is part of the LIC-ES 3110002 Lozoya River Basin and Sierra Norte and it has an average altitude of 1450 m and an area of 98 ha. It is located on the southeast of Somosierra's village, in the northwest slope of Cebollera Nueva Mountain (1834 m) and it is drained by the Cambronales and Dehesa streams (Duran 1998, Lopez & Saez 2002).

The collection of plant material has been carried out along different expeditions from April 2013 to October 2015. A voucher specimen of all the specimens that were gathered during this period has been lodged at the Herbarium MACB. The voucher number of each one appears in Annex 1 where all genera are arranged in alphabetical order within families and all species are arranged in alphabetical order within genera. The method used was the presence of each taxa, but without considering or evaluating the abundance of them. Furthermore, in order to cover the largest number of specimens, expeditions were conducted at different seasons of the year, although most of them were carried out during the flowering period (April to June). All the vegetation patches were sampled trying to cover all the study area and collecting specimens of different species present in them.

All the species listed in Annex 1 were identified according to Flora Iberica (Castroviejo 1986-2015), if there are several reprints, the date shown corresponds to the last one. When families were not published, other taxonomic bibliography were used: Garcia Rollan (2006, 2009), Lopez (2007) and Gonzalez Bernaldez (1997).

Results and Discussion

The results of the floristic catalog conducted in the Dehesa of Somosierra are shown in Annex 1. A total of 331 vouchers were registered at the herbarium corresponding to 192 taxa, belonging to 135 genera and 47 families.

The most represented families, with more than seven species, are Caryophyllaceae, Compositae, Cruciferae, Gramineae, Labiatae, Leguminosae, Liliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Rosaceae and Scrophulariaceae. Otherwise, there are a lot of families with only one species in that area as Aquifoliaceae, Araliaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Cupressaceae, Ericaceae, Hypericaceae, Orobanchaceae, Oxalidaceae, Pinaceae, Plantaginaceae, Plumbaginaceae, Polygalaceae, Pyrolaceae, Rhamnaceae, Salicaceae, Saxifragaceae, Taxaceae, Urticaceae and Valerianaceae. As it has above explained only the presence of each species has been considered. That is the reason because families that include trees as Aquifoliaceae, Betulaceae or Fagaceae do not seem to be well represented although their occurrence and biomass, without doubt, should be higher than the rest.

We have compared our catalogue with those previously carried out in the area (Lopez & Saez 2002), with the exhaustive recompilation work about the vascular plant for the community of Madrid where 2233 species are mentioned (Morales 2003) and with the complete database of Anthos (http://www.anthos.es/). Four species, Quercus robur L., Betula alba L., Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce and Vaccinium myrtillus L., that have been previously cited in this area (Lopez & Saez 2002), could not be found during our prospection. On the other hand, most of our species have been previously cited in the Community of Madrid by Morales (2003) or in the Web http://www.anthos.es/ either with their actual accepted names or using any of their synonyms compiled on Flora Iberica or the plant list (http://www.theplantlist.org/). However, as far as we know, this is the first time that three species Myosotis debilis, Ornithogalum bourgaeanum and Rubus vagabundus are cited and gathered in the Community of Madrid. Besides, other species gathered by us, Brassica repanda subsp. nudicaulis, Cardamine parviflora, Chaerophyllum temulum, Gagea foliosa subsp. ellyptica, Narcissus triandrus subsp. triandrus, Pilosella saussureoides, Polygala serpyllifolia and Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficaria, have been cited in the Community of Madrid although we could not find their voucher references.

It is worth noting that two specimens of Betula alba included as two singular trees of the Community of Madrid (BOCM 9 de abril de 1992, Decreto 18/1992) have been identified as Betula pendula subsp. fontqueri. Different samples were gathered and studied to be sure of the correct identification of this species (MACB 108489, MACB 108490). According to our results, the species of Betula present in the Dehesa of Somosierra is Betula pendula subsp. fontqueri. The first one is located about 80 m upstream of the Fountain of Fuentefria (41[degrees]07'27.1"N, 3[degrees]34'14.4"W). It consists of four main branches, is about 150 years old and has a height of about 17 m. The second one is located about 200 m from the Fountain of Fuentefria (41[degrees]07'26.6"N 3[degrees]34'21.9"W), following the path back to the right, where a grove of birch begins. It consists of three trunks emerging from the base, is about 200 years old and has a height of about 25 m.

The Dehesa of Somosierra can be considered a good example of both diversity conservation and anthropic exploitation. In fact, we can confirm the presence of two bioclimatic and phytogeographical indicators and endemisms of the Iberian Peninsula. Adenocarpus hispanicus is a low orotemperate element that can be considered a Guadarramean sector endemism and Pinus sylvestris (Pinus sylvestris var. iberica Svob.) a supratemperate and supramediterranean Iberian endemism (Canto 2007). Besides, the flora found in this area is mainly characterized by species which present an Iberian Atlantic and Central European distribution, such as the trees Betula pendula subsp. fontqueri, Ilex aquifolium, Sorbus aucuparia, Corylus avellana and Quercus petraea. Some of them are very rare or have not been detected in the rest of the Central System and the Community of Madrid (Fig. 1), due to the abiotic factors mentioned above that take place in this area. These taxa coexist with others with more thermal Mediterranean requirements as oak trees (Quercus pyrenaica).

Some of the scrub species as Rosa canina, Cytisus scoparius subsp. scoparius, Rubus ulmifolius or Crataegus monogyna show a wide distribution along the Iberian Peninsula, they do not specifically appear in mesic areas. But there are exceptions as Prunus spinosa, Rosa villosa, Adenocarpus hispanicus and Cytisus oromediterraneus that only appear in mesic areas like this Dehesa.

Finally, there are also herbaceous species that have a little distribution or are not present in other parts of south-central Iberian Peninsula such as Narcissus pseudonarcissus subsp. pseudonarcissus, Narcissus triandrus subsp. triandrus, Dianthus deltoides subsp. deltoides, Crepis lampsanoides, Ajuga reptans, Galeopsis ladanum subsp. ladanum, Prunellagrandiflora, Liliummartagon, Polygala serpyllifolia, Lysimachia nemorum, Pyrola minor, Cruciata glabra subsp. hirticaulis, Melampyrum pratense subsp. latifolium, Veronica montana, Sanicula europea y Viola montcaunica (the distribution of these species is based on data from Flora Iberica (Castroviejo 1986-2015).

Conclusions

According to our results we can conclude that this approach to the floristic catalogue of the Dehesa of Somosierra consist of 331 vouchers corresponding to 192 taxa, belonging to 135 genera and 47 families. Two bioclimatic and phytogeographical indicators and endemisms of the Iberian Peninsula have been collected. Adenocarpus hispanicus as a low orotemperate Guadarramean sector endemism and Pinus sylvestris {Pinus sylvestris var. iberica Svob.) a supratemperate and supramediterranean Iberian endemism. Besides, it is the first time that the presence of the species Myosotis debilis, Ornithogalum bourgaeanum, and Rubus vagabundus is reported in the Community of Madrid. Finally two specimens of Betula alba included as two singular trees of the Community of Madrid have been identified as Betulapendula subsp. fontqueri.

Acknowledgments

We are very grateful to Carlos Aedo and Miguel Angel Casado for their help. We would like also to thank the many friends who have accompanied us in the expeditions to collect plants during these years.

References

Anthos. Sistema de information sobre las plantas de Espafia. http://www.anthos.es/.

Bellot, F. 1944. Estudios sobre la vegetation y flora de la comarca de Somosierra. An. Real Acad. Farmacia 2: 109-134.

BOCM 9 de abril de 1992. Decreto 18/1992, de 26 de marzo por el que se aprueba el Catalogo Regional de especies amenazadas de fauna y flora silvestres y se crea la categoria de arboles singulares.

Canto, R 2007. Vegetation series as a tool for biogeography: a case study of the central Iberian Peninsula. Phytocoenologia 37: 417-442.

Castroviejo, S. (coord. gen.) 1986-2015. Flora iberica 1-19, 20-21. Real Jardin Botanico, CSIC, Madrid.

Cebolla Lozano, C. & Rivas Ponce, M.A. 1994. Atlas florae matritensis (Amaryllidaceae, Iridaceae, Liliaceae, Orchidaceae). Fontqueria 41: 1-206.

Datos Climaticos Mundiales. Climate-data.org. http://es.climate-data.org/location/469006/.

Diaz, M.A. 1984. Criterios para el analisis de evolution de usos del suelo en zona de montana: aplicacion a un sector de Somosierra. Anales de Geografia de la Universidad Complutense 4: 131.

Diaz Martinez, E., Lopez, F, Perez Gonzalez, A., Karampaglidis, T., Matas, J., Martin Parra, L.M. & Nozal, F. 2012. Geologia de la Sierra Norte de Madrid: tan cerca y tan desconocida. Guia de Campo. Institute Geologico y Minero de Espafia.

Duran, J.J. 1998. Patrimonio geologico de la Comunidad Autenoma de Madrid. Sociedad Geologica de Espana y Asamblea de Madrid. Madrid.

Garcia, J.J. 2007. 26 propuestas para el fin de semana. Rutas para andar por los espacios naturales de la Comunidad de Madrid. Consejeria de Education de la Comunidad de Madrid. Madrid. http://www.brunete.org/brunete/juventud/26%20propuestas%20para%20el%20fin%20de%20semana.pdf.

Garcia Rollan, M. 2006. Atlas clasificatorio de la flora de Espafia peninsular y balear. Volumen I. Mundi-Prensa Libros S.A.

Garcia Rollan, M. 2009. Atlas clasificatorio de la flora de Espafia peninsular y balear. Volumen II. Mundi-Prensa Libros S.A.

Gomez, J., Gomez, G, Lopez, N., Madrazo, G. & Saez, E. 2009. Aprovechamientos y dinamicas en los tallares de Rebollo de Somosierra-Ayllon. Cuadernos de la Sociedad Espanola de Ciencias Forestales 30: 247-254.

Gonzalez Bernaldez, F. 1997. Gramineas pratenses de Madrid. Madrid: Comunidad de Madrid, Conserjeria de Medio Ambiente y Desarollo Regional. Madrid.

Lopez, P. (coor.) 1997. El Paisaje vegetal de la Comunidad de Madrid durante el Holoceno Final. Monografia Serie Arqueologia, Paleontologia y Etnografia, 5. Ed. Consejeria de Education y Cultura de la Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid. Madrid.

Lopez, N. 2007. Las plantas vasculares de la Comunidad de Madrid. Catalogo floristico, claves dicotomicas y estudio detallado de la familia Compositae Giseke. Tesis doctoral, UCM.

Lopez, N. & Saez, E. 2002. Gestion, aprovechamiento y paisaje de las dehesas de Guadarramay Somosierra. Eria 58: 231-245.

Mayor, M. 1965. Estudio de la flora y vegetation de las sierras de Pela, Ayllon y Somosierra. Tesis doctoral, UCM.

Morales, R. 2003. Catalogo de plantas vasculares de la Comunidad de Madrid (Espana). Bot. Complut. 27: 31-70.

Rivas-Martinez, S., Penas, A. & Diaz, T.E. 2004. Mapa bioclimatico de Europa. Servicio Cartografico de la Universidad de Leon, Espana.

Rivas-Martinez, S. & Rivas-Saenz, S. 1999-2009. Sistema de clasificacion bioclimatica mundial. Centra de Investigaciones Fitosociologicas, Espana. http://www.ucm.es/info/cif.

Ruiz de la Torre, J. 1985. Las dehesas del vertice norte de Madrid. Montes 1: 8-14.

Ruiz, A., Iglesias, P., Rodriguez, B. & Munoz, G. 2013. Coprinopsis xenobia, description y primeras localizaciones en Espana. Comparacion filogenetica con Coprinopsis luteocephala. Bol. Micol. FAMCAL 8: 63-69.

The plant list a working list of all plant species. http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 1st Jannuary).

Annex 1. Family, species name and herbarium number of the catalogue. (*) Species not cited in Madrid by Morales (2003) or included in Anthos web site

Aquifoliaceae

Ilex aquifolium L.

MACB 108498, 108499.

Amaryllidaceae

Narcissus bulbocodium L.

MACB 108496, 108497.

Narcissus pseudonarcissus L. subsp.

pseudonarcissus

MACB 108495.

Narcissus rupicola Dufour ex Schult. & Schult. fil.

MACB 108493, 108494.

Narcissus triandrus L. subsp. triandrus MACB 108492.

Araliaceae

Hedera helix subsp. helix L.

MACB 108491.

Betulaceae

Betula pendula subsp. fontqueri (Rothm.) G.

Moreno & Peinado

MACB 108489, 108490.

Corylus avellana L.

MACB 108487, 108488.

Boraginaceae

Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill subsp. arvensis MACB 108485, 108486.

Myosotis debilis Pomel (*)

MACB 108484.

Pentaglottis sempervirens (L.) Tausch

MACB 108482, 108483.

Campanulaceae

Campanula lusitanica L. subsp. lusitanica

MACB 108559, 108560.

Jasione montana L.

MACB 108500, 108501, 108502.

Wahlenbergiahederacea (L.) Rchb. MACB 108503.

Caprifoliaceae

Lonicera periclymenum subsp. hispanica (Boiss. & Reut.) Nyman. MACB 108504.

Sambucus ebulus L.

MACB 108505, 108506.

Caryophyllaceae

Arenaria grandiflora L. subsp. grandiflora

MACB 108507, 108508.

Cerastium ramosissimum Boiss.

MACB 108509, 108510.

Dianthus deltoides L. subsp. deltoides

MACB 108511.

Dianthus lusitanus Brot.

MACB 108512, 108513.

Moehringia pentandra J. Gay

MACB 108514.

Silene latifolia Poir.

MACB 108515, 108516.

Silene saxifraga L.

MACB 108517, 108518.

Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke subsp. vulgaris

MACB 108519, 108520.

Spergularia capillacea (Kindb.) Willk. MACB

108521, 108522.

Stellaria neglecta Weihe

MACB 108523, 108524, 108525.

Compositae

Achillea millefolium L. subsp. millefolium

MACB 108526, 108527.

Arnoseris minima (L.) Schweigg. & Korte

MACB 108528, 108529.

Bellis perennis L.

MACB 108530, 108531.

Carduus carpetanus Boiss. & Reut. subsp.

carpetanus

MACB 108532, 108533.

Centaurea cyanus L. MACB 108534.

Centaurea triumfetti All.

MACB 108535, 108536.

Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr.

MACB 108537.

Crepis lampsanoides (Gouan) Tausch MACB

108538.

Crepis vesicaria subsp. taraxacifolia (Thuill.)

Thell.

MACB 108539.

Doronicum plantagineum L.

MACB 108540.

Hypochaeris radicata L.

MACB 108541.

Laps ana communis L. subsp. communis

MACB 108542, 108543.

Leucanthemopsis pallida (Mill.) Heywood

subsp. pallida

MACB 108544, 108545.

Mycelis muralis (L.) Dumort.

MACB 108546, 108547.

Pilosella castellana (Boiss. & Reut.) F.W.

Schultz & Sch. Bip.

MACB 108548.

Pilosella saussureoides Arv.-Touv.

MACB 108549

Senecio adonidifolius Loisel.

MACB 108550, 108551.

Senecio jacobaea L.

MACB 108552, 108553.

Senecio vulgaris L.

MACB 108554, 108555.

Taraxacum officinale G H. Weber ex Wigg.

MACB 108556.

Crassulaceae

Sedum acre L.

MACB 108558, 108559.

Sedum hirsutum All. subsp. hirsutum MACB

108560.

Sedum pedicellatum Boiss. & Reut. MACB

108561, 108562.

Umbilicus rupestris (Salisb.) Dandy MACB

108563, 108564.

Cruciferae

Alliaria petiolata (G Kirchn.) Bean. MACB

108565, 108566, 108567.

Brassica repanda subsp. nudicaulis (Lag.)

Heywood

MACB 108568, 108569.

Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.

MACB 108570.

Cardamine flexuosa With.

MACB 108571.

Cardamine parviflora L.

MACB 108572.

Cardamine pratensis L. subsp. pratensis

MACB 108573, 108574.

Erophila verna (L.) Chevall.

MACB 108575.

Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) R. Br.

MACB 108576, 108577.

Thlaspi perfoliatum L.

MACB 108578, 108579.

Cucurbitaceae

Bryonia dioica Jacq.

MACB 108580, 108581.

Cupressaceae

Juniperus communis L. subsp. communis

MACB 108582, 108583.

Cyperaceae

Carex muricata subsp. pairae Host

MACB 108584.

Carex nigra (L.) Reichard

MACB 108585, 108586.

Ericaceae

Erica arborea L.

MACB 108587.

Fagaceae

Quercus petraea subsp. huguetiana Franco & G. Lopez

MACB 108588, 108589.

Quercus pyrenaica Willd.

MACB 108591, 108592, 108593.

Geraniaceae

Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Her.

MACB 108594.

Geranium columbinum L.

MACB 108595, 108596.

Geranium lucidum L.

MACB 108597.

Geranium pyrenaicum subsp. lusitanicum L.

MACB 108598, 108599, 108600.

Geranium robertianum Stephan ex Willd.

MACB 108601, 108602.

Gramineae

Anthoxanthum odoratum L.

MACB 108603, 108604.

Bromus hordeaceus L.

MACB 108605, 108606.

Bromus sterilis L.

MACB 108607, 108608.

Cynosurus echinatus L.

MACB 108609, 108610.

Cynosurus elegans Desf.

MACB 108611.

Dactylis glomerata L. subsp. glomerata

MACB 108612.

Festuca paniculata (L.) Schinz & Thell.

MACB 108613, 108614.

Festuca rivularis Boiss. subsp. rivularis

MACB 108615.

Milium vernale M. Bieb.

MACB 108616, 108617.

Phleum pratense L.

MACB 108618, 108619.

Piptatherum miliaceum (L.) Coss.

MACB 108620.

Poa annua L.

MACB 108621.

Poa bulbosa L.

MACB 108622, 108623.

Poa nemoralis L.

MACB 108624, 108625.

Poa pratensis L.

MACB 108626, 108627.

Trisetum ovatum (Cav.) Pers.

MACB 108628.

Hypericaceae

Hypericum perforatum L. subsp. perforatum MACB 108629.

Iridaceae

Crocus carpetanus Boiss. & Reut.

MACB 108630, 108631.

Crocus serotinus Salisb.

MACB 108632.

Xiphion vulgare Mill.

MACB 108633, 108634.

Juncaceae

Juncus effusus L.

MACB 108635, 108636.

Luzula campestris (L.) DC.

MACB 108637.

Luzula forsteri (Sm.) Lam. & DC. subsp. forsteri

MACB 108638, 108639.

Luzula lactea (Link) E. Mey.

MACB 108640, 108641.

Labiatae

Acinos alpinus (L.) Moench

MACB 108642, 108643.

Ajuga reptans L.

MACB 108644, 108645.

Ballota nigra L.

MACB 108646, 108647.

Clinopodium vulgare L.

MACB 108648

Galeopsis ladanum L. subsp. ladanum

MACB 108649, 108650.

Lamium purpureum L.

MACB 108651, 108652.

Prunella grandiflora (L.) Scholler

MACB 108653, 108654.

Prunella vulgaris L.

MACB 108655, 108656.

Teucrium scorodonia L.

MACB 108657, 108658.

Leguminosae

Adenocarpus complicatus (L.) J. Gay

MACB 108346.

Adenocarpus hispanicus (Lam.) DC.

MACB 108347.

Cytisus oromediterraneus Rivas Mart. & al. MACB 108348.

Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link subsp. scoparius

MACB 108349.

Genista florida L.

MACB 108350.

Lathyrus linifolius (Reichard) Bassler

MACB 108351.

Lathyrus niger (L.) Bernh.

MACB 108352.

Lotus corniculatus subsp. delortii (Timb.-Lagr.)

0. Bolos&Vigo

MACB 108353.

Medicago lupulina L.

MACB 108354.

Ornithopus perpusillus L.

MACB 108355.

Trifolium pratense L. subsp. pratense

MACB 108356.

Trifolium repens L.

MACB 108357.

Liliaceae

Allium sphaerocephalon L.

MACB 108358.

Asphodelus albus Mill, subsp. albus

MACB 108359, 108360.

Gageafoliosa subsp. ellyptica A. Terracc.

MACB 108361.

Hyacinthoides hispanica (Mill.) Rothm.

MACB 108362.

Lilium martagon L.

MACB 108363, 108364, 108365, 108366.

Merendera montana (Loefl. ex L.) Lange

MACB 108367.

Ornithogalum bourgaeanum Jord. & Fourr. (*)

MACB 108368, 108371.

Ornithogalum narbonense L.

MACB 108372.

Orchidaceae

Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soo

MACB 108373.

Orchis langei K. Richt.

MACB 108374.

Orobanchaceae

Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd.

MACB 108375, 108376.

Oxalidaceae

Oxalis acetosella L.

MACB 108377, 108378.

Papaveraceae

Corydalis intermedia (L.) Merat

MACB 108379, 108380, 108381.

Papaver dubium L.

MACB 108382, 108383.

Pinaceae

Pinus sylvestris L.

MACB 108384, 108385.

Plantaginaceae

Plantago lanceolata L.

MACB 108386.

Plumbaginaceae

Armeria arenaria subsp. segoviensis (Gand. ex Bernis) Nieto Fel.

MACB 108387.

Polygalaceae

Polygala serpyllifolia Hose

MACB 108388, 108389.

Polygonaceae

Polygonum lapathifolium L.

MACB 108390

Rumex acetosella subsp. angiocarpus (Murb.)

Murb.

MACB 108391, 108392.

Primulaceae

Lysimachia nemorum L.

MACB 108393.

Primula veris subsp. columnae (Ten.) Maire &

Petitmengin

MACB 108394, 108395.

Pyrolaceae

Pyrola minor L.

MACB 108396.

Ranunculaceae

Aconitum vulparia subsp. neapolitanum (Ten.)

Munoz Garm.

MACB 108397, 108398, 108399.

Aquilegia vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris

MACB 108400.

Hepatica nobilis Schreb.

MACB 108401, 108402.

Ranunculus ficaria L. subsp. ficaria

MACB 108403.

Ranunculus flammula L.

MACB 108404.

Ranunculus ollissiponensis subsp. alpinus (Boiss.

& Reuter) Grau

MACB 108405, 108406.

Ranunculus ollissiponensis Pers. subsp.

ollissiponensis

MACB 108407, 108408.

Rhamnaceae

Frangula alnus Mill, subsp. alnus

MACB 108411, 108412.

Rosaceae

Crataegus monogyna Jacq.

MACB 108417, 108418.

Geum hispidum Fr.

MACB 108419, 108420, 108421.

Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.

MACB 108422, 108423.

Potentilla erecta (L.) Raeusch.

MACB 108424.

Prunus avium L.

MACB 108425, 108426.

Prunus spinosa L.

MACB 108427.

Rosa canina L.

MACB 108428, 108429.

Rosa villosa L.

MACB 108430, 108431.

Rubus ulmifolius Schott

MACB 108432.

Rubus vagabundus Samp. (*)

MACB 108433.

Sorbus aria (L.) Crantz

MACB 108434, 108435, 108436.

Sorbus aucuparia L.

MACB 108437, 108438.

Rubiaceae

Cruciata glabra subsp. hirticaulis (Beck)Natali

& Jeanm.

MACB 108413, 108414.

Cruciata laevipes Opiz

MACB 108415.

Galium aparine L. subsp. aparine

MACB 108416.

Salicaceae

Salix atrocinerea Brot.

MACB 108439, 108440, 108441.

Saxifragaceae

Saxifraga granulata L.

MACB 108442, 108443.

Scrophulariaceae

Digitalis purpurea L. subsp. purpurea

MACB 108444, 108445.

Linaria elegans Cav.

MACB 108446, 108447.

Linaria nivea Boiss. & Reut.

MACB 108448, 108449.

Melampyrum pratense subsp. latifolium Schubl. & G. Martens

MACB 108450, 108451.

Parentucellia latifolia (L.) Caruel

MACB 108452.

Pedicularis sylvatica L. subsp. sylvatica

MACB 108453.

Verbascum pulverulentum Vill.

MACB 108454.

Veronica chamaedrys L. subsp. chamaedrys

MACB 108455, 108456.

Veronica hederifolia L.

MACB 108457, 108458.

Veronica montana L.

MACB 108459.

Veronica officinalis L.

MACB 108460.

Veronica polita Fr.

MACB 108462.

Veronica serpyllifolia L. subsp. serpyllifolia

MACB 108463.

Veronica verna L.

MACB 108464.

Taxaceae

Taxus baccata L.

MACB 108465

Umbelliferae

Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffin.

MACB 108466.

Chaerophyllum hirsutum L.

MACB 108467

Chaerophyllum temulum L.

MACB 108468, 108469, 108470.

Conopodium pyrenaeum (Loisel.) Miegev.

MACB 108471, 108472.

Sanicula europaea L.

MACB 108473, 108474.

Urticaceae

Urtica dioica L.

MACB 108475, 108476.

Valerianaceae

Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr. subsp. locusta MACB 108477.

Violaceae

Viola kitaibeliana Schult.

MACB 108478.

Viola montcaunica Pau

MACB 108479.

Viola odorata L.

MACB 108480, 108481.

Adrian Lazaro-Lobo, Borja Rodriguez de Francisco & Jesus Pala-Paul (1)

Recibido: 1 marzo 2016 / Aceptado: 23 marzo 2017

(1) Departamento de Biologia Vegetal I (Botanica), Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid, Spain

E-mail: quibey@ucm.es

http://dx.doi.org/10.5209/BOCM.56862
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Author:Lazaro-Lobo, Adrian; Rodriguez de Francisco, Borja; Pala-Paul, Jesus
Publication:Botanica Complutensis
Date:Jan 1, 2017
Words:4116
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