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Anti-terrorism efforts need to focus on "Asymmetric" threats.

ISLAMABAD -- Pakistani planners need to focus on TTP's "asymmetric" threats and develop tactics to counter them so as to defeat the menace of terrorism, according to analysts speaking in the aftermath of APS, Peshawar, tragedy.

"Pakistan's asymmetric tactics must be totally different from opponent's tactics", they said, listing a "few practicable steps" to achieve their goal.

These steps are: effective control of borders, application of robust immigration laws particularly related to Afghanistan, management of Afghan refugees and their immediate repatriation in addition to prompt application of anti terrorism Action plan.

This antiterrorism action plan, they said, should focus on strengthening of intelligence collection system to defeat deception and also focus on periodic deradicalization programme through education reforms including revamping of curriculum both in religious and modern education schools.

The analysts were speaking in the backdrop of December 16 tragedy in Peshawar. They emphasised that the "enemy" was employing tactics of "asymmetric" warfare against Pakistan. "Terrorism and the asymmetric tactics" were being unleashed on Pakistani society systematically for the last 36 years at least.

The history of asymmetry in warfare can be traced back to the origins of war. Broadly defined, it is the ability to use one's strengths against an opponent's weaknesses to gain an advantage through "asymmetric tactics".

However, asymmetric warfare also known as forth generation warfare (4GW) is often contemplated and considered on the strategic level of war. The basic question is what leads to the creation of an asymmetry? There are many characteristics underlying an asymmetry. First of all, there must be a disparity in interest between the two opposing forces. This disparity of interest may be real or perceived. Moreover, the disparity in resources, tactics, weapons, other munitions of war, diplomatic stance and even the political support may compel an inferior opponent to resort to asymmetric warfare tactics.

TTP and its affiliates can be a relevant example in such a case.

Interestingly, in the contemporary world we may find few examples where even a tougher and stronger opponent may resort to asymmetric warfare tactics in order to match a weaker opponent.

For example, America's employment of Black Water or XE services in

various parts of the globe. Establishing of militant organizations like private army from the same region to fight against state owned military forces is another example of these tactics. The increase in use of asymmetric warfare tactics by belligerents like Taliban/TTP can also be attributed to the advancement in the fields of science and technology especially in the fields of cyber and information technology.

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Publication:The Frontier Star (Northwest Frontier Province, Pakistan)
Geographic Code:9PAKI
Date:Jan 3, 2015
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