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Answering your questions; Urine eosinophils screened by dipstick?

Q We are interested in eliminating negative tests of urine eosinophils with the Hansel stain. Is it clinically correct to perform a dipstick on the urine and--if it is negative for leukocyte esterase--to eliminate the staining process? This would save a lot of unnecessary tech time. We would initiate a charge just for the dipstick.

A If a physician has specifically requested a test for urine eosinophils, I do not think it would be correct to screen specimens with a reagent strip test for leukocyte esterase as a criterion for canceling a Hansel's stain for eosinophils in the urine.

The leukocyte esterase reaction is specific for esterase that is present in granulocytic leukocytes and histiocytes, including neutrophils and eosinophils. The reagent strip test for urine leukocyte esterase, however, is fairly insensitive. According to manufacturer's values, the sensitivity for Multistix reagent strips is five cells/hpf to 15 cells/hpf in clinical urine while Chemstrip reagent strips have a sensitivity of 20 leukocytes/[mu]L. Due to this relative insensitivity, the absence of leukocyte esterase in urine does not rule out urinary infection.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Since the presence of any eosinophils in the urine is an abnormal finding, it is theoretically possible to have a negative leukocyte esterase reaction by reagent strip with clinically significant numbers of eosinophils present. Therefore, clinical judgment in ordering this test should be followed.

--Karen M. Ringsrud, MT(ASCP)

Assistant Professor

Department of Laboratory

Medicine and Pathology

University of Minnesota Medical School

Minneapolis, MN

Edited by Daniel M. Baer, MD

Daniel M. Baer, MD, is professor emeritus of laboratory medicine at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland, OR, and a member of MLO's editorial advisory board.

MLO's "Tips from the Clinical Experts" provides practical, up-to-date solutions to readers' technical and clinical issues from a panel of experts in various fields. Readers may send questions to Dan Baer by e-mail at tips@mlo-online.com.
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Title Annotation:Tips from the clinical experts
Author:Baer, Daniel M.
Publication:Medical Laboratory Observer
Article Type:Column
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Aug 1, 2006
Words:318
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