Is April (Truly) "The Cruellest Month"? (apologies to T.S. Eliot) 753 BC Rome is founded (traditional date) 1429 French troops led by Joan of Arc lift the siege of Orleans 1492 Spain gives Christopher Columbus the commission of exploration 1513 Spanish explorer Ponce De Leon claims Florida for Spanish crown after Landing at the site of present day St Augustine, now the oldest city in the continental U.S. 1581 Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world 1587 Sir Francis Drake sinks the French fleet 1719 "Robinson Crusoe" by Daniel Defoe published. 1775 "The shot heard around the world" launches the American Revolution in Lexington, Mass 1789 Mutiny on the Bounty 1789 George Washington takes oath of office in NYC 1803 The US begins the process of purchasing the Louisiana Territory from Trance for $15 million 1814 Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba 1861 The American Civil War begins as Confederate troops fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina 1865 General Robert E. Lee surrenders to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House 1865 President Abraham Lincoln assassinated 1896 First Olympics of the modern era held in Athens, Greece after break of 1500 years 1912 Titanic sinks on maiden voyage from Southampton to New York 1898 Spain declares war on the United States starting the Spanish-American War 1899 Spain cedes Puerto Rico to the United States 1917 U.S. entered World War I in Europe 1933 The Gestapo is established. 1937 During the Spanish Civil War, Guernica was bombed by German warplanes 1939 New York World's Fair 1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 1945 Mussolini and associates shot by Italian partisans in Milan 1948 President Harry S. Truman signed the European Recovery Program, better known as the Marshall Plan 1949 Twelve nations sign treaty creating NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 1952 Diary of Anne Frank Published 1953 The double helix structure of DNA is first described 1961 Bay of Pigs 1961 Yuri Gagarin Becomes First Man in Space 1971 US table tennis team begins week of Ping Pong Diplomacy visit to the People's Republic of China 1975 South Vietnam Surrenders 1976 Apple Computer Company is formed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak 1980 Failed Attempt to rescue US Embassy Tehran Hostages 1981 The computer mouse is introduced 1982 Falkland Islands War begins as troops from Argentina invaded and occupied the British colony 1985 The Coca-Cola Company launches New Coke 1986 Chernobyl nuclear power plant meltdown 1989 The Polish labor union Solidarity was granted legal status after nearly a decade of struggle 1989 Tiananmen Square student Protest 1990 The Hubble Space Telescope is launched by the Space Shuttle Discovery 1993 Waco Cult standoff ends in flames 1994 South Africa holds its first multiracial elections 1995 Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building bombed Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 2005 Pope John Paul II Dies April Birthdays 121 Marcus Aurelius 570 Muhammed 742 Charlemagne 1336 Tamerlane 1452 Leonardo da Vinci 1564 William Shakespeare 1729 Catherine the Great of Russia 1743 Thomas Jefferson 1850 Otto von Bismarck 1870 Vladimir Lenin 1889 Adolf Hitler
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|Date:||Apr 1, 2016|
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