Amendments to the juvenile rules.
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF FLORIDA IN RE: AMENDMENTS TO THE FLORIDA RULE OF JUVENILE PROCEDURE 8.150, CASE NO. SC15-711 RULE 8.150. CONTEMPT
(a) Contempt of Court. The court may punish any child for contempt under this rule for interfering with the court or court administration, or for violating any order of the court. A child under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court may be subject to contempt under this rule even upon reaching the age of majority. If the child is found in contempt and sentenced to secure detention, on motion by any party the court must review the placement of the child to determine whether it is appropriate for the child to remain detained.
(b) Direct Contempt. After a hearing, a contempt may be punished summarily immediately if the court saw or heard the conduct constituting the contempt that was committed in the actual presence of the court. The judgment of guilt of contempt shall include a recital of those facts upon which the adjudication of guilt is based The child has a right to legal counsel and the right to have legal counsel appointed by the court if the child is indigent. The court must inform the child as to the basis for the contempt by reciting the facts on which the contempt is based. Prior to Before the adjudication of guilt the court shall must inform the person accused of the accusation and inquire as to whether there is any cause to show why he or she the child should not be adjudged guilty of contempt by the court and sentenced there for. The accused child shall must be given the opportunity to present evidence of excusing or mitigating circumstances. The judgment shall must be signed by the court and entered of record. Sentence shall must be pronounced in open court.
(c) Indirect Contempt. An indirect contempt may be prosecuted in the following manner:
(1)--Legal Counsel. Counsel must be appointed for all contempt hearings if the child qualifies for such appointment, or the child has the right to retain counsel, unless the child waives counsel in writing as required by rule 8.165.
(+2) Order to Show Cause. The court on its own motion or upo On affidavit of any person having personal knowledge of the facts, the court may issue and sign an order directed to the one accused of contempt, stating to show cause. The order must state the essential facts constituting the contempt charged and requiring require the accused child to appear before the court to show cause why he or she the child should not be held in contempt of court. If the contempt charged involves disrespect to or criticism of a judge, on motion by the child, the judge must be disqualified by the chief judge of the circuit. The order shall must specify the time and place of the hearing, with a reasonable time allowed for the preparation of a defense after service of the order on the one accused child. It shall must be served in the same manner as a summons. Nothing herein shall be construed to prevent the one accused of eontemptchild from waiving the service of process.
(3) Motions; Answer. The accused, personally or by counsel, child may move to dismiss the order to show cause, move for a statement of particulars, admit to the offense, or answer such order by way of explanation or defense. All motions and the answers shall be in writing unless specified otherwise by the court. The accused's omission to file a motion or answer shall not be deemed an admission of guilt of the contempt charged enter a denial and request a hearing.
(4) Order of Arrest: Bail Detention Before the Hearing. The court may issue an order of arrest of the one accused of contempt only detain the child before the contempt hearing solely on the contempt proceeding if the court has provides clear and convincing to appear in response to the order to show cause. The accused shall be admitted to bail in the manner provided by law in criminal cases.
(5) Arraignment; Hearing. The accused may be arraigned at the hearing, or prior thereto upon request. A hearing to determine the guilt or innocence of the accused shall follow a plea of not guilty. The court may conduct a hearing without assistance of counsel or may be assisted by the state attorney or by an attorney appointed for that purpose. The accused is entitled to be represented by counsel, have compulsory process for the attendance of witnesses, and may testify in his or her own defense. All issues of law and fact shall be determined the court. The judge may conduct a hearing without assistance of counsel or may be assisted in the prosecution of the contempt by the state attorney or by an attorney appointed for that purpose. At the hearing, the child has the following rights:
(A) The right to be represented by legal counsel.
(B) The right to testify in the child's own defense.
(C) The right to confront witnesses.
(D) The right to subpoena and present witnesses.
(E) The right to have the hearing recorded and a copy of such recording.
(F) The right to have a transcript of the proceeding.
(G) The right to appeal.
(5) Disqualification of the Judge. If the contempt charged involves disrespect to or criticism of a judge, the judge shall be disqualified by the chief judge of the circuit.
(6) Verdict; Judgment. At the conclusion of the hearing the court shall must sign and enter of record a judgment of guilty or not guilty. There should be included in a judgment of guilty a recital of the facts constituting the contempt of which the accused has been found and adjudicated guilty If the court finds the child guilty, the judgment should include a recital of the facts that constituted the contempt.
(7) Sentence. Prior to Before the pronouncement of sentence the court shall must inform the accused child of the accusation and judgment against him or her and inquire as to whether there is any cause to show why sentence should not be pronounced. The accused child shall must be afforded the opportunity to present evidence of mitigating circumstances. The court must consider all available and appropriate sentences, including alternative sanctions. The sentence court shall must be-pronounced the sentence in open court and in the presence of the one found guilty of contempt child.