Amalrik, Andrei (Alekseyvich).
Amalrik, Andrei [Alekseyvich]
(1938 - 1980) Soviet essayist, historian, and dramatist. Amalrik began a lifelong struggle with the Soviet system as a student at Moscow University, from which he was expelled in 1963 when his diploma dissertation offended the authorities with its conclusion that Norse traders had significantly influenced early Russian civilization. Between 1962 and 1963 Amalrik wrote a number of satirical plays, some of which were translated into English as Nose! Nose! No-se! (1973). His works, which in Russia circulated only in samizdat, were eventually published in the West, beginning with Amalrik's description of his first period of exile, Involuntary Journey to Siberia (1966; translated as 1970), and a brilliant essay, Will the Soviet Union Survive Until 1984? (1970), which challenged the prevailing liberal view that the Soviet system would eventually be weakened by its own inflexibility and bureaucracy. As a result, in 1970 Amalrik was again imprisoned in intolerable conditions, during which he nearly died of meningitis, all of which is described in his last work, Notes of a Revolutionary (tr 1982). In 1976 he and his wife were allowed to immigrate to the West, eventually settling in France. In 1980 Amalrik was killed in a car accident on his way to a conference in Madrid on the Helsinki accords.