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All of diverse Dutch seafood industry divided into three regulated parts.

All of Diverse Dutch Seafood Industry Divided into Three Regulated Parts

Like Gaul in Caesar's time, the Dutch seafood industry has three parts; but all of them are regulated by the Commodity Board for Fish and Fish Products.

D.J. Langstraat, chairman of that board (50% management, 50% labor representatives in its makeup), told the International Seafood Conference that its jurisdiction includes quality control, health issues and management of the herring quota, and that it levies its members to finance scientific research and promotional activities.

The Netherlands has a North Sea fleet of 600 trawlers 18 to 45 meters long, most of them beam trawlers specializing in flatfish (Dover sole, plaice, turbot, brill, dab). Others concentrate on herring, cod and whiting; still others (about 100) on shrimp. The beam trawler fleet in general and cod trawlers in particular suffer from overcapacity; too much investment vs. too few fish to catch.

A deep sea fleet of 13 hypermodern stern trawlers owned by seven companies fishes in the North Sea, in the Atlantic off Scotland and Ireland, and in the Bay of Biscay. More recently, it has sought mackerel off the United States, as well as the Falkland Islands. Its catch is about 240,000 tons a year of herring, mackerel and horse mackerel, frozen on board and processed by the same firms that own the trawlers.

Shellfish are also a major factor in the Dutch seafood industry, albeit a variable one. Mussel culture production varies from 65,000 to 120,000 tons a year. (It is actually a semi-culture: young mussels are fished on free grounds and seeded on beds rented by fishermen from the government). In the same areas, cockles (young clams) are also produced, at a rate of about 7,000 tons a year; and there is some limited oyster breeding in the Scheldt estuary.

Landing value of all Dutch fish and seafood (Langstraadt didn't specify the year, but it was presumably 1987) was $428.6 million, with pelagic fish accounting for $82.5 million. Import values were $409.5 million and $37 million. Export sales amounted to $881 million, $121.4 million of them in pelagic fish; domestic sales (wholesale prices) $404 million (pelagic figure not available). Processed frozen demersal fish, a Dutch specialty, accounted for $257.6 million of the exports, Langstraat said, with the United States as well as the EEC a growing market. Dutch fillets are virtually boneless, he added, thanks to strict quality control.
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Publication:Quick Frozen Foods International
Date:Jan 1, 1989
Words:410
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