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Alcohol involvement in fatal motor-vehicle crashes - United States, 1994-1995.

The figure on page 1067 compares alcohol involvement in fatal motor-vehicle crashes for 1994 and 1995. A fatal crash is considered alcohol-related by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) if either a driver or nonoccupant (e.g., pedestrian) had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of [is greater than or equal to] 0.01 g/dL in a police-reported traffic crash. Because BACs are not available for all persons in fatal crashes, NHTSA estimates the number of alcohol-related traffic fatalities based on a discriminant analysis of information from all cases for which driver or nonoccupant BAC data are available (1).

Overall, the number of alcohol-related traffic fatalities increased 4.1% from 1994 to 1995; for BACs of 0.01 g/dL-0.09 g/dL, the increase was 6.5%, for BACs [is greater than or equal to] 0.10 g/dL (the legal limit of intoxication in most states), the increase was 3.4%.

Reference

(1.) Klein TM. A method of estimating posterior BAC distributions for persons involved in fatal traffic accidents: final report. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration,

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Title Annotation:total alcohol-related fatalities rose from 13,070 in 1994, to 13,516 in 1995, a 4.1% increase
Publication:Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Article Type:Brief Article
Date:Dec 6, 1996
Words:185
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