Alboin (d. 572).
Lombard ruler. Principal wars: conquest of the Gepidae (565-567); invasion and conquest of Italy (568-572).
Son of King Audoin; king of the Lombards on his father's death (565); allied with the Avars and attacked the Gepidae, defeating and killing their King Cunimund in battle, and marrying Cunimund's daughter, Rosamund (567); uneasy with his Avar allies, Alboin decided to find safer lands in Italy, and crossed the Julian Alps at the head of all the Lombards and 20,000 Saxons (April 568); defeated Longinus, exarch of Ravenna (June?) and occupied Milan (September 569); besieged Pavia (569-572) and made it his capital when it fell; reputedly murdered by Rosamund, who was incensed that Alboin had made her drink from a cup made of her father's skull (572 or 573).
A barbarian king of unusual vision, the leader of the last great migration of Germanic peoples. <BL>
Sources: Hodgkin, Thomas, Italy and Her Invaders, Vol. V. Oxford, 1897. Paul the Deacon, History of the Lombards. Translated by W. D. Foulke. 1907. Reprint, Philadelphia, 1974.
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|Author:||Bongard, David L.; Sheridan, Roger G.|
|Publication:||The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography|
|Article Type:||Reference Source|
|Date:||Jan 1, 1992|
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