The most famous hero of the Trojan War after Achilles. Ajax was king of Salamis, a man of giant stature, daring and self - confident, son of Telamon. When the armor of Achilles was awarded to Odysseus instead of to himself, he turned mad from vexation and stabbed himself. His deeds are narrated by Homer and later poets. Sophocles wrote a tragedy called Ajax, in which " the madman " scourges a ram he mistakes for Odysseus. His encounter with a flock of sheep, which he fancied in his madness to be the sons of Atreus, Agamemnon
and Menelaus, has been mentioned at greater or lesser length by several Greek and Roman poets. This Ajax is introduced by Shakespeare in his drama Troilus and Cressida.