Aircraft survival kits: vest is best.
Every pilot considers the aftermath of having to put an airplane down other than where he or she desires. Every year some pilots are required to put such thoughts into action. Contemplating the worst and preparing for it is something pilots are trained to do--and part of being ready to implement an after-accident plan of action is having equipment available to carry it out. That means having a survival kit in the airplane.
There are dozens of commercially available aviation survival kits. We surveyed a cross section--they ranged from unacceptable to excellent, based on the quality and selection of items included as well as weight and size. Because weight and space are at a premium in general aviation airplanes, the best kits did amazing jobs of shoehorning a lot of equipment into a small space and keeping weight under control.
We also noted that quality isn't cheap--a poor-quality knife that breaks when used for prying (a common use) might as well not have even been put in the kit. When lives are on the line, the equipment in a survival kit has to stand up to use in adverse conditions. Cheap gear can be deadly.
In our survey, we saw a tremendous amount of hype. We rapidly learned that terms such as "military grade" or "combat" were often code for poor quality. It made us think of low bidder military contracts.
KITS UNDER $100
The Survival Kit in a Bottle is one-liter water bottle on a carabiner to attach it to your belt or vest. It contains a multifunction tool, whistle, compass, flashlight with batteries, survival blanket, candle, waterproof matches, poncho, two chemical hand warmers and a zipper-lock bag. Available from multiple sources, it's most commonly priced at $24.95.
For $11.50, there is what we considered to be a poor-quality pocket kit, the Ultimate Survival Kit, sold by Aircraft Spruce (www.aircraftspruce.com). A small vinyl pouch contains waterproof matches, signal mirror, flashlight (without batteries) basic fishing kit, emergency blanket, sewing needles, compass, wire saw, poncho, whistle and a sterile blade.
Best Glide Aviation Survival Equipment (www.bestglide.com) offers its Adventurer Pocket Survival Tin for $39.95. We looked at a number of basic survival kits in Altoid-sized metal containers--this one provides a decent selection of materials in a 4.5x3.3x1.2-inch space. Included are a button compass, survival matches, razor knife, sewing kit with safety pins, whistle, fishing kit, vinyl tape, survival instructions, water bag, tie wraps, wire saw, various fire starters, candles and signal mirror.
The Combat Survival Tin from Aircraft Spruce is advertised as designed for the British SAS and also comes in a pocket-sized tin. For $29.95, it includes such things as a compass, whistle, candle, basic fishing kit, survival instructions, wind- and waterproof matches, pencil, cable saw and a flimsy folding knife with scissors, but no signaling mirror. We weren't impressed.
For the best value and quality in a kit that will fit in a pocket, we recommend either the Adventure Medical Kit (AMK) Pocket Survival Pak or Pocket Survival Pak Plus. Both were designed by noted aviation survival expert Doug Ritter (full disclosure: Ritter was a contributing editor to Aviation Consumer and wrote several survival equipment articles).
Priced at $26.99 through Pilot-Mall, the Pocket Survival Pak weighs 3.9 ounces and includes a 110 dB whistle and the Rescue Flash signal mirror. Also included are 10 feet of nylon cord, 15 feet of steel wire, one-hand operable spark light fire starter and tinder, instruction card, 20 mm survival compass, duct tape, aluminum foil, fishing kit, scalpel blade, pencil and note paper.
The AMK Pocket Survival Pak Plus is available for $69.99 from PilotMall and includes all of the equipment in the basic Pak and adds the RAK Mk5 Survival Knife, a serious compact steel fixed-blade knife, LED flashlight sterile water bag, water purification tablets, 28-inch stainless ball chain and waterproof pouch. It weighs a total of 5.9 ounces.
At $69.95, Sporty's (www.sportys. com) ill-named Complete Aviation Survival Kit provides a chance to save money by not buying it. There is no signaling mirror or knife, just a whistle and razor blade.
Sporty's Emergency Ditching Survival Kit is a backpack kit produced by Mayday Industries. Mayday's emphasis is on survival kits that will keep you alive for a few days rather than on rescue. (Mayday makes a large line of kits for situations where rescue may take a while.) For $89.95 and combined with a PLB, signaling mirror and a good survival knife, we think it is a fair kit for under $100. It contains a basic first aid kit, water and food, flashlight, orange survival tent, emergency blankets, waterproof matches, ponchos, a combination whistle and compass, gloves (something we think is too often overlooked), AM/FM radio, camp stove and boxcutter (a poor survival knife).
KITS FROM $100 TO $1000
The Wilderness Survivor Survival Kit from Best Glide is priced at $299.95 and comes in a 8x8x15-inch Denier Cordura bag. For the price, we think this kit contains a good cross-section of equipment. For signaling it has a compact signal mirror, whistle, three light sticks and an Inova LED light. It also includes some food and water, survival guides, assorted means of starting a fire along with candles, a two-person survival blanket, two basic knives, a pocket saw and can opener, as well as a first aid kit that includes such things that are overlooked as insect repellent and diarrhea treatment. We would still add a high-quality signal mirror, good knife and PLB to this kit.
Another of the many kits offered by Aircraft Spruce is the Crashkit Charlie Survival Kit. It comes in a protective, Pelican case and is advertised as for the pilot with minimal knowledge of survival techniques. Priced at $344.95, it weighs four pounds and has 71 items providing assistance for food, fire, water, shelter, first aid and signaling. It also contains a first aid book and critical action card. The signaling mirror is gridded, which is an improvement over the very basic mirrors provided with most kits. For knives, it has a scalpel and multi-tool, but not a dedicated survival knife. We liked that it provided waterproof matches.
The Flight Level 220 Survival Kit Lite weighs 8.5 pounds and comes in a Pelican case that is 9x7.5x4 inches and is priced at $193.75 at Aircraft Spruce. Contents include a signaling mirror that can be aimed, a 57-piece first aid kit, emergency blanket, but no tent, snare wire but no wire saw, waterproof matches, whistle and a soft plastic water bottle. It has no food, but does have a 15-foot towing strap, of all things. The multi-tool is credit card style, so it has no pliers. We'll take a pass on this $193.75 kit.
The $462.95 Military Pilot Survival Kit from Aircraft Spruce is advertised as having been designed by Oregon Aero for the U.S. Navy. It comes in a 6.5x5.5x2-inch pouch. It is not a complete survival kit by any means, lacking signaling equipment beyond a LED flashlight. We like the Gerber multi-tool and Air Ranger folding knife (a one-hand opening knife) for their quality. However, the remainder of the kit consists of just four items, a compass, sunscreen, balaclava and fire-starting system. For what we'd save not buying this, we'll be able to go a long ways toward a much more complete kit.
At $420, the Canadian-Alaskan Survivor Pak (www.campingsurvival. com) is designed to help sustain two people for up to 14 days. It weighs 31 pounds and includes two 14-day food rations and 24 ounces of water along with fire, signaling and shelter equipment. There is no tent, but there are emergency blankets and a first aid kit. With the addition of a sleeping bag and a pistol, rifle or shotgun and ammunition, the kit is advertised as meeting the Transport Canada summer aviation survival equipment requirements. The kit is heavy enough that it eats into useful load in a smaller airplane, however, for the price, it's attractive.
Sporty's $799 Over Water Survival Kit contains the unimpressive Complete Aviation Survival Kit; despite that, it's a good start for a true over-water survival kit because it has what we consider essential signaling devices. The floating survival bag contains four dual-cell life vests, a Firefly3 rescue light, ResQlink+ PLB and a signal mirror. We recommend wearing the life vests when flying over water. The fact that the kit floats is a plus.
We are aware of only one commercially available survival kit in a vest. It's the Essentials Aviator Survival Vest through www.dougritter.com. At $725, it contains everything we think should be in a survival kit except for a PLB (which we think a pilot should already have). The vest itself is made of cotton (not nylon, which can melt and cause serious burns during a fire) and contains 20 pockets, but has a flat back so it is comfortable to wear in flight. An illustrated in instruction manual included provides guidance for use of the contents which include the Adventure Medical Kit (AMK) Pocket Survival Pak, Stormproof matches, tinder, water purification tablets, AMK Ultralight First Aid Kit, Micro-Light flashlight, headlamp, AMK Heatsheet (1-2 person survival blanket/shelter), 50 feet of utility line, four water ration packages, flexible water bottle, sturdy gloves, rescue laser light, Ritter RSK Mk1 one-hand folding survival knife (it's a $130 knife) and a Leatherman multi-tool as well as sunscreen, insect repellent, toilet tissue and lip balm.
We think this is the best quality for the value individual survival kit on the market for under $1000--and being able to wear it increases the chances of survival after an accident.
TOP OF THE LINE
While we caution against the word "ultimate" in aviation advertising, the Ultimate Aviator Survival Pak from www.dougritter.com approaches the definition. For the weight and price it is, in our opinion, the most complete aviation survival kit on the market. Quality isn't cheap; the Pak is priced at $2818.
The list of equipment is too long to include here, but we'll note some of the items. For signaling, a Rescue Reflectors mirror, Storm Safety Whistle, Greatland Laser Rescue Light with extra lithium battery. In the tools and emergency devices group, the Ritter RSK Mk3 fixed blade knife, Leatherman Blast multi-tool, Gerber Exchange-a-Blade saw, REI Stormproof Matches, Spark-Lite Aviation Fire Starter Kit and hands-free multi-light. For shelter: an 8x10-foot waterproof tarp, poncho, insect repellent, leather gloves, two ultralight bivy sacks, mosquito headnets, two bandanas and two roll-up sunglasses.
The medical equipment includes the AMK Ultralight Medical Kit, trauma bandages and a splint. For food and water there are S.O.S. Food Lab Survival Rations, two-liter water tanks, 16 four-ounce water packs, Esbit Wing Stove and fuel tablets, cook set, coffee, tea, and bouillon.
Under miscellaneous, there is everything from parachute cord and utility wire through toilet paper, duct tape, a sleeping pad and illustrated guide to using the kit. As far as we're concerned, the only thing not in this kit is a PLB.
After looking at a far less inclusive kit that weighed 31 pounds, we were surprised that this kit came in at 22.6 pounds.
Delivery normally takes four to six weeks--the kit is made up as ordered due to expiration dates on the food.
There are two add-on modules available. The ".5" provides one more of many of the contents and costs $285. The "Plus 2" is $850 and is an expansion of the basic kit for two more people.
The selection of survival equipment depends on personal comfort and the area over which you fly. At a minimum, we recommend wearing a vest containing a PLB, good survival knife, signaling mirror and either the Pocket Survival Pak or Pocket Survival Pak Plus. For flights over rugged or remote terrain, we recommend the Essentials Aviator Survival Vest and a PLB. For serious backcountry flying, the Ultimate Aviator Survival Pak.
No matter what you choose, if possible, we recommend that you have the kit's equipment on your person when flying.
For more reading on the subject of surviving an accident, we recommend an article from our sister publication AVweb, "Crashworthiness, Improving Your Chances When You Have to Put It Down" (http://tinyurl. com/n6hsxfj) and the website of the not-for-profit Equipped to Survive foundation (www.equipped.org).
(-) Few commercial kits include high-quality equipment.
(+) For under $100, we recommend the Pocket Survival Pak Plus.
(+) For under $1000, we recommend the Essentials Aviator Survival Vest.
POST-CRASH SURVIVAL 101
Reduced to its essence, having the gear for post-crash survival is great-being found quickly is even better. The faster you and your passengers are found, the greater the chance of survival. Improving the odds starts before departure and means making sure someone knows where you are going. Being on an IFR flight plan has historically meant the least delay in post-crash rescue. Next best is being on a VFR flight plan or making sure someone is in position to start search and rescue (SAR) if you don't show up when expected.
The next step is to be able to effectively signal potential rescuers. Carry a Personal Locator Beacon (PLB)--the device that revolutionized SAR by not only announcing that you are in trouble, it guides rescuers right to you. We feel that every pilot should have a PLB on their person during every flight. We'll cover PLBs in a future issue of Aviation Consumer.
Because signaling forms the basis of getting rescued, we think a survival kit should include a signaling mirror that can be aimed, such as the Rescue Flash--less than $10. It should also have a whistle--it's easier than shouting and the good ones can be heard for a mile. In the good-to-have department is a laser flare; it can be seen for over 20 miles at night. However, they start at just over $100 for a red one--figure on $300 for the better version, which is green.
Once signaling is covered, it's surviving until help arrives (stay with the aircraft). A person can theoretically survive with a good knife (figure on at least $100 for one you can bet your life on and can be operated with one hand--you may not have two available) and a way to start a fire (waterproof matches at the very least). However, doing so requires training and a lot of work. Having additional equipment ups the odds. The next priorities for the survival kit are first aid, fire, shelter, water and food. Because most of us can't afford the perfect survival kit, and weight is a consideration, we think aviation survival kits should focus most on signaling, first aid, fire and shelter.
What you pick depends on the type of flying you do. At a bare minimum for pilots who don't fly over remote areas or large quantities of water, we recommend every pilot carry a PLB, good knife, signaling mirror and top-quality pocket survival kit on his or her person. If your flying is regularly over remote areas, peace of mind for you and your passengers may require a more sophisticated kit.
If you do have to put an airplane down in the boonies, you're having one of those low-probability, really bad days. Because things are already going wrong, there's a good chance that you won't be able to get to the survival kit after the crash--it's buried under heavy wreckage, burned up or you can't ambulate--so we recommend that your survival kit be in a vest you wear while flying.
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|Title Annotation:||SAFETY EQUIPMENT|
|Publication:||The Aviation Consumer|
|Date:||Feb 1, 2015|
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