# Africa.

Would you pay \$200 for an iPod nano?

That's what many people did during the recent holiday season.

Yet in much of Africa, \$200 is all that many families earn in an entire year. Severe poverty forces millions of African children to work so that their families can survive.

Even in Nigeria, the fifth-largest oil producer in the world, millions of children do backbreaking work. Why? Previous military governments mismanaged the economy. As a result, 66 percent of Nigeria's population earns less than \$1 a day. This makes Nigeria one of the 20 poorest countries in the world.

Child labor is not just a problem in Africa. Child laborers exist in every country, even in the United States. But the number of children doing hard labor in Africa is staggering.

Take a look at this economic map of Africa. It color-codes each country according to its per capita gross domestic product (GDP). That figure is not what the average person in each country makes. Rather, it is the total amount of money the country earns in a year, divided by its population.

Nigeria's per capita GDP is \$1,400 a year. Somalia's is even lower--only \$600 a year. By comparison, the U.S. per capita GDP is \$41,800 a year.

Use the map and above information to answer the questions.

Questions

1. A pair of brand-name sneakers is bought for \$100 in the U.S. That is about what fraction of Somalia's per capita GDP? --

2. In which of the world's countries do children work? --

3. What percentage of Nigeria's population earns less than \$365 a year? --

4. The largest number of African countries fall into which economic group shown on the map? --

5. What is the highest per capita GDP range shown on this map? --

6. Which two African countries are in the wealthiest category? --

7. David, the boy miner in the article, lives in Tanzania. That country's per capita GDP falls into which group? --

8. The countries with the lowest per capita GDP are in what -- geographical part of Africa? --

9. Figures are not available for which place? --

10. What is the source of this map's data? --

1. one sixth

2. all countries

3. 66 percent

4. lowest (per capita GDP of less than \$2,000 a year)

5. \$12,000 to \$13,100

6. South Africa and Mauritius

7. less than \$2,000

8. central

9. Western Sahara

10. The World Factbook 2005 (Central Intelligence Agency)
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