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Aerial view of Krakatoa erupting, 1935.

Any time the volcanic island of Krakatoa, halfway between Sumatra and Java, shows signs of seismic activity, people in the vicinity are justified in being concerned. The infamous 1883 eruption, which supposedly created the loudest sound in recorded history, killed over 36,000 people.

Rising from the demolished crater four decades later came Anak Krakatau ('son of Krakatoa') which soon proved to be just as temperamental Periods of volcanic activity registering between one and three on the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VED became regular throughout the 1930s, leading to fears that another eruption on the scale of 1883 (which had a VEI of six) might be imminent A column in The Straits Times, dated 12 July 1935, described the volcano as, 'showing increased activity', and reported the testimonial of a steamer captain who revealed it to be, 'erupting every two minutes--with smoke, ash, steam and sand showers rising more than 3,000 yards.' This shot taken by an Imperial Airways plane flying past shows the dramatic scene unfolding.

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Title Annotation:ARCHIVE; Indonesia
Publication:Geographical
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:9INDO
Date:Jul 1, 2016
Words:267
Previous Article:Online.
Next Article:Plan general du Canal, 1886.
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