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Activist Framing of Abortion and Use for Policy Change in Peru.

Activist Framing of Abortion and Use for Policy Change in Peru Cynthia Beavin, Deborah L. Billings and Susana Chavez; Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 2019

This qualitative study identifies four frames used by Peruvian activists to talk about abortion and how these frames shift when talking specifically to lawmakers rather than the general public. The four frames are Autonomy, a woman's right to make her own health decisions; Maternal Morbidity and Mortality, unsafe abortions are dangerous/deadly; Economic, poorer women suffer more complications from unsafe abortions; and Pragmatism, restrictive laws do not lead to fewer abortions. Autonomy was a popular frame for speaking to a general audience about abortion in a country that jails women who have (or are believed to have had) terminated a pregnancy and "positions women as criminals because of their potential to become pregnant." However, its use with policymakers is minimal, and the single activist to have used the Autonomy frame paired it with a theological argument about free will. Maternal Mortality and Morbidity was also popular in general audience settings and is often a powerful frame for lawmakers, used by activists in official testimony. This frame is frequently combined with the Economic frame, given that poorer women and girls are more likely to suffer complications and death from unsafe abortions, but none of the activists studied here used this frame with lawmakers. Finally, Pragmatism was found to be most valuable when speaking to policymaker audiences, because activists are able to demonstrate that the law is ineffective in reducing the number of abortions and increases the countries maternal mortality rate.

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Title Annotation:Reports Worth Reading
Date:Sep 22, 2019
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