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Academic aid and ADHD.

Children aged 7-9 years who responded to short-term methylphenidate received no additional academic benefit from organizational skills training, psychotherapy, or academic tutoring, said Dr. Lily Hechtman of McGill University, Montreal, and her associates.

In this 2-year study of 103 children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 34 received methylphenidate alone, 35 received methylphenidate plus attention control psychosocial treatment (ACT), and 34 received methylphenidate plus multimodal psychosocial treatment (MPT). ACT included general homework assistance and nonacademic projects. MPT included personalized academic help, organizational skills training, personalized psychotherapy, and social skills training (J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry 43[7]:812-19, 2004).

At both 1 and 2 years, no significant differences appeared on any of several Stanford Achievement subtests in the treatment groups. No differences in academic aptitude appeared among the groups based on parents' reports on the Homework Problem Checklist. The study failed to support the idea that children with ADHD without comorbid learning disorders should receive additional psychosocial therapy to do better in school.

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Title Annotation:Clinical Capsules
Publication:Family Practice News
Article Type:Brief Article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Sep 15, 2004
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