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In Sumerian mythology, the river that is supposed to surround the earth. The Abzu seems almost identical with the Greek Oceanus, the " river of ocean. " In Babylonian mythology, it is personified as Apsu, the fresh water, who has existed from the beginning of time with his wife Tiamat, the salt water; he plays an important role in the War of the Gods. The Sumerian Enki and the Babylonian Ea, almost identical gods of water and of wisdom, live in a palace in the Abzu, which was probably the Persian Gulf, the shores of which in early days may have reached northward to the city of Eridu.

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Publication:Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia, 3rd ed.
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1987
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