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Abbreviations and acronyms.

Abbreviations and Acronyms

AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency
AMASOT Association pour le Marketing
 Social au Tchad (Social Marketing
 Association of Chad
ARV anti-retroviral
ASTBEF Association Tchadienne pour le
 Bien-Etre Familiale (Chadian
 Association for Family Well-being)
CERPOD Centre de Recherche sur la
 Population pour le Developpement
 (Center for Research on Population
 and Development)
CNLS Comite National de Lutte contre le
 SIDA (National AIDS Committee)
CNPRH Commission Nationale de
 Population et des Ressources
 Humaines (National Population and
 Human Resources Commission)
CPR contraceptive prevalence rate
CPPRH Commission Prefectorale de
 Population et des Ressources
 Humaines (Prefectoral Commission
 on Population and Human
CTLS Comite Technique de Lutte Contre
 le SIDA (Technical Committee for
 AIDS Control)
DHS demographic and health survey
FOSAP Fonds de Soutien auxActivites en
 matiere de Population (Social Fund)
HCPRH Haut Conseil de la Population et
 des Ressources Humaines (High
 Council on Population and Human
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
ICR Implementation Completion Report
IEC information, education, and
KAP knowledge, attitudes, and practices
KfW Kreditanstalt Fur Wiederaufbau
M&E monitoring and evaluation
MASACOT Project Social Marketing Unit
MCH Maternal and child health
MoPC Ministry of Planning and
MoPH Ministry of Public Health
MTR Mid-term review
NGO nongovernmental organization
OED Operations Evaluation Department
PAIP Programme d'Action et
 d'Investissement Prioritaire en
 matiere de Population (Program for
 Priority Actions and Investment in
PCT project coordination team
PLWHA people living with HIV/AIDS
PNLS Programme National de Lutte
 Contre le SIDA (National Program
 of AIDS Control)
PPAR Project Performance Assessment
PPLS Projet population et Lutte contre le
 SIDA (Population and AIDS
 Control Project)
PRSP Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
STD sexually transmitted disease
TB tuberculosis
TOR terms of reference
UNFPA United Nations Population Fund
UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund
USAID United States Agency for
 International Development
VCT Voluntary counseling and testing

Fiscal Year:

Government: January 1--December 31

OED Mission: Enhancing development effectiveness through excellence and independence in evaluation.

About this Report

The Operations Evaluation Department assesses the programs and activities of the World Bank for two purposes: first, to ensure the integrity of the Bank's self-evaluation process and to verify that the Bank's work is producing the expected results, and second, to help develop improved directions, policies, and procedures through the dissemination of lessons drawn from experience. As part of this work, OED annually assesses about 25 percent of the Bank's lending operations. In selecting operations for assessment, preference is given to those that are innovative, large, or complex; those that are relevant to upcoming studies or country evaluations; those for which Executive Directors or Bank management have requested assessments; and those that are likely to generate important lessons. The projects, topics, and analytical approaches selected for assessment support larger evaluation studies.

A Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) is based on a review of the Implementation Completion Report (a self-evaluation by the responsible Bank department) and fieldwork conducted by OED. To prepare PPARs, OED staff examine project files and other documents, interview operational staff, and in most cases visit the borrowing country for onsite discussions with project staff and beneficiaries. The PPAR thereby seeks to validate and augment the information provided in the ICR, as well as examine issues of special interest to broader OED studies.

Each PPAR is subject to a peer review process and OED management approval. Once cleared internally, the PPAR is reviewed by the responsible Bank department and amended as necessary. The completed PPAR is then sent to the borrower for review; the borrowers' comments are attached to the document that is sent to the Bank's Board of Executive Directors. After an assessment report has been sent to the Board, it is disclosed to the public.

About the OED Rating System

The time-tested evaluation methods used by OED are suited to the broad range of the World Bank's work. The methods offer both rigor and a necessary level of flexibility to adapt to lending instrument, project design, or sectoral approach. OED evaluators all apply the same basic method to arrive at their project ratings. Following is the definition and rating scale used for each evaluation criterion (more information is available on the OED website:

Relevance of Objectives: The extent to which the project's objectives are consistent with the country's current development priorities and with current Bank country and sectoral assistance strategies and corporate goals (expressed in Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, Country Assistance Strategies, Sector Strategy Papers, Operational Policies). Possible ratings: High, Substantial, Modest, Negligible.

Efficacy: The extent to which the project's objectives were achieved, or expected to be achieved, taking into account their relative importance. Possible ratings: High, Substantial, Modest, Negligible.

Efficiency: The extent to which the project achieved, or is expected to achieve, a return higher than the opportunity cost of capital and benefits at least cost compared to alternatives. Possible ratings: High, Substantial, Modest, Negligible. This rating is not generally applied to adjustment operations.

Sustainability: The resilience to risk of net benefits flows over time. Possible ratings: Highly Likely, Likely, Unlikely, Highly Unlikely, Not Evaluable.

Institutional Development Impact: The extent to which a project improves the ability of a country or region to make more efficient, equitable and sustainable use of its human, financial, and natural resources through: (a) better definition, stability, transparency, enforceability, and predictability of institutional arrangements and/or (b) better alignment of the mission and capacity of an organization with its mandate, which derives from these institutional arrangements. Institutional Development Impact includes both intended and unintended effects of a project. Possible ratings: High, Substantial, Modest, Negligible.

Outcome: The extent to which the project's major relevant objectives were achieved, or are expected to be achieved, efficiently. Possible ratings: Highly Satisfactory, Satisfactory, Moderately Satisfactory, Moderately Unsatisfactory, Unsatisfactory, Highly Unsatisfactory.

Bank Performance: The extent to which services provided by the Bank ensured quality at entry and supported implementation through appropriate supervision (including ensuring adequate transition arrangements for regular operation of the project). Possible ratings: Highly Satisfactory, Satisfactory, Unsatisfactory, Highly Unsatisfactory.

Borrower Performance: The extent to which the borrower assumed ownership and responsibility to ensure quality of preparation and implementation, and complied with covenants and agreements, towards the achievement of development objectives and sustainability. Possible ratings: Highly Satisfactory, Satisfactory, Unsatisfactory, Highly Unsatisfactory.
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Publication:Chad - Population and AIDS Control Project
Date:Mar 7, 2005
Next Article:Preface.

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