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APHA member Julius Richmond, former U.S. surgeon general.

Former U.S. Surgeon General Julius B. Richmond, MD, MS, a pediatrician and child development specialist, died July 27 of cancer at his home in Brookline, Mass. He was 91.


An APHA member, Richmond held a dual role as President Jimmy Carter's assistant secretary for health and U.S. surgeon general from 1977 to 1981. During his tenure, Congress passed the Health Services and Centers Act of 1978, which reauthorized a broad range of public health services, including community and migrant health centers, grants for primary care projects and grants support public health programs.

A pioneer in anti-tobacco education, Richmond was an early advocate and activist for protecting children from the harmful effects of tobacco and secondhand smoke.

Richmond's 1979 "Healthy People: The Surgeon General's Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention" established for the first time quantitative public health goals for the nation for the next decade.

Among his legacies, Richmond was a founder of Head Start, a comprehensive early childhood education program that has improved the lives of 25 million children and their families.

"I join colleagues around the nation in mourning the loss of one of the true greats in our field," said APHA Executive Director Georges C. Benjamin, MD, FACP, FACEP (E).
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Title Annotation:In memoriam
Publication:The Nation's Health
Date:Sep 1, 2008
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