Printer Friendly

ALGORITHM DEVELOPED FOR MINIMIZING CUMULATIVE TIME-BASE QUANTIZATION ERRORS.

Researchers at NIST have developed a new technique for modeling and implementing a method for minimizing the quantization errors that often accumulate in electronically generated time bases. A NIST scientist working with staff from Ohio University, examined how time-base distortion causes nonlinear distortion of the electrical waveforms measured by digital sampling instruments, such as digital voltmeters and multimeters, sampling waveform recorders and oscilloscopes. When such instruments are used to measure the rms amplitude of the sampled waveforms, such distortions cause significant errors in the measured rms values of the waveforms.

In particular, the research examined the nature of the errors that result from nonrandom quantization errors in an instrument's time-base circuit. Simulations made for a sampling voltmeter showed that the errors in the measured rms amplitude have a non-normal probability distribution, such that the probability of large errors is much greater than would be expected from the usual quantization noise model. A novel time-base compensation method was then proposed that makes the measured rms errors normally distributed and reduces their standard deviation significantly. This quantization method is referred to as the cumulative-sum-limited (CSL) quantization scheme.

As a vehicle for implementing the CSL algorithm, a NIST scientist then applied it using the data acquisition software that he had developed in conjunction with the NIST Wideband Sampling Voltmeter (WSV). The result was that this scheme turned out to reduce the time-base quantization error by a factor of 25. A paper describing this research was presented at the IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (IMTC) 2000 held in Baltimore, MD, and will appear in the August 2001 Special Issue of the IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement.
COPYRIGHT 2001 National Institute of Standards and Technology
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2001, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Publication:Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:May 1, 2001
Words:274
Previous Article:NEW PUBLICATIONS ON THE FUNDAMENTAL CONSTANTS.
Next Article:EVALUATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATABILITY (EMC) COMPLIANCE CHAMBERS.
Topics:


Related Articles
INSILICON'S JPEG2000 ENCODER ACCELERATES AND OPTIMIZES NEXT GENERATION IMAGE COMPRESSION.
Inside AICPA.
HDL ENHANCES FUNCTIONAL VERIFICATION SOFTWARE TO IMPROVE SOC DESIGN PRODUCTIVITY.
SIX D TO MARKET NASA TECHNOLOGY.
CAST RELEASES JPEG CORES; FAST, COMPACT ENCODER AND DECODER READY FOR IMAGE PROCESSING APPLICATIONS.
Cicada Semiconductor enables low cost Gigabit Ethernet networking.
In search of Artificial Intelligence. (Produce).
Green Hills Software announces first RTOS for Intrinsity processors.
Engineering senior section.

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2019 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters