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AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION: ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

 PITTSBURGH, Feb. 10 /PRNewswire/ -- How do we address many of the most urgent environmental problems in developing countries?
 One way is by reducing poverty and increasing investment in environmental protection. In recent years the idea that protecting the environment means restricting economic development has been replaced by the idea of sustainable development, which combines economic and environmental goals to ensure a healthy planet for future generations. However, a large gap exists between programs based on sustainable development and their actual practice.
 A major policy paper by Mohamed T. El-Ashry, director of the Environment Department at the World Bank, which appears in the January 1993 issue of the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, describes the need to balance economic development with environmental protection in developing and lesser developed countries. By addressing global concerns that environmental constraints will slow economic development, the author provides concrete solutions that encourage sustainable development without causing massive damage to the environment of today and the future.
 Successful development programs will combine poverty reduction, economic efficiency and sound environmental management. Specific projects include providing water and sanitation services to developing countries to help counter the incidence of diarrheal diseases, which as a group kills more than 3 million people, most of them children, each year. Providing agricultural education and other services to farmers can increase soil and water conservation and raise crop yields. Supplying family planning services and more educational opportunities for girls can lower birth rates and reduce pressure on natural resources.
 El-Ashry concludes that development remains the greatest challenge facing humanity. Despite the unprecedented economic and social progress that has been made over the last generation, poverty, famine and environmental degradation persist on a global scale. Successful strategies must respect the true value of environmental and natural resources. Essential elements of such a strategy will, therefore, include economic policy reform at all levels; the clarification and enforcement of property rights; specifically targeted government policies and regulations to discourage environmentally destructive behaviors and encourage environmentally protective or enhancing activities; a greater reliance on efficient, market-oriented measures; and a commitment to institutional, participatory capacity building in developing countries.
 The January issue ushers in a new era for the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association. The format has been extensively redesigned to enhance readability and some of the regular columns have been rearranged. Editorial changes include a broader international scope and the addition of two regular columns. "Open Forum" presents a technical question, related to the issue theme, and answers from approximately four specialists in the field relevant to the question. "Association News" provides a monthly summary of various association and headquarters news.
 The Air & Waste Management Association provides a neutral forum where environmental professionals share technical and managerial information about air pollution control and waste management. This worldwide network of more than 14,000 members represents all disciplines and provides all viewpoints of environmental issues.
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 /EDITORS: Writers and editors from the trade and general media may use the association as an information resource when writing articles on environmental topics. These services include free reprints of articles and papers and interviews with recognized authorities in the fields of air pollution control and waste management./
 /CONTACT: Martha Swiss of Air & Waste Management Association, 412-232-3444, ext. 3126/


CO: Air & Waste Management Association ST: Pennsylvania IN: SU:

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Date:Feb 10, 1993
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