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AIDS at 30.

30 million people have died from HIV-related illnesses, 34 million are currently living with HIV and 7,000 new infections occur every day. The annual rate of new infections fell by nearly 25% between 2001 and 2009 but between 2008 and 2010, HIV increased from 44% to 50% among sex workers globally and from 30% to 36% among men who have sex with men. Prevalence among intravenous drug users remained at 28%. The number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy rose 22-fold, with 6.6 million people on treatment by December 2010. However, nine million people who qualify for treatment still do not receive it.

In 2010, 92% of countries had programmes on stigma and discrimination, but less than half were funded. 47 countries still impose some form of travel restriction on people living with HIV, while 56 countries have laws criminalising HW transmission or exposure. Some aspect of sex work is criminalised in 116 countries, while 79 countries criminalise consensual same-sex sexual relations, including 85% of countries in eastern and southern Africa, 81% in the Middle East and North Africa, and 69% in the Caribbean. (1,2)

(1.) AIDS at 30: nations at the crossroads. UNAIDS, 201 l.

(2.) HIV/AIDS: thirty years of HIV. IRIN PlusNews, 3 June 2011.

DOI: 10.1016/S0968-8080(11)38588-6

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Title Annotation:ROUND UP: HIV and AIDS
Publication:Reproductive Health Matters
Article Type:Brief article
Date:Nov 1, 2011
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